“It is sometimes difficult to distinguish between which are ‘normal’ menopausal symptoms and which symptoms are made worse because of the cancer”.1

Umbrella
What may the Menopause After Cancer Umbrella include?

Depending on the Source (DotS) this Umbrella may include:

  • Cancer Treatments
  • Chemo Brain
  • Menopause
  • Menopause Symptoms

Cancer Treatments

Do all cancer treatments cause menopause?

In Menopause After Cancer the (Australian) Jean Hailes for Women’s Health (JH) elaborate on:

“Not all cancer treatments will cause menopause. For some women menopausal symptoms are temporary; for others, menopause is permanent. Sometimes periods will stop straight away, and sometimes menopausal symptoms will start immediately, or build up over time. There is no way of predicting how menopause will affect each woman. Whether permanent menopause occurs depends on age, the type and dosage of chemotherapy and how long it is used for”.2

Medical Menopause and Surgical Menopause

What is medical menopause and surgical menopause?

In How Menopause Can Happen With Breast Cancer Treatments the (United States) Breastcancer.org elaborate on:

“Some breast cancer treatments can bring on menopause more abruptly than it would happen otherwise. Again, this is called medical menopause if it’s caused by medicines such as chemotherapy, or surgical menopause if it’s caused by removal of the ovaries. Medical menopause may be a temporary state that lasts while you’re in treatment and for some time afterwards, or it can be permanent. Surgical menopause is always permanent”.3

Menopause Symptoms

With cancer, can it be sometimes difficult to distinguish what’s-what with menopausal symptoms?

The JH explain:

“It is sometimes difficult to distinguish between which are ‘normal’ menopausal symptoms and which symptoms are made worse because of the cancer”.4

Chemo Brain

What is chemo brain?

DotS the definition of chemo brain may vary. The (United States) Mayo Clinic’s definition is:

“Chemo brain is a common term used by cancer survivors to describe thinking and memory problems that can occur during and after cancer treatment. Chemo brain can also be called chemo fog, cancer-related cognitive impairment or cognitive dysfunction”.5

In Chemo Brain: Symptoms & Causes – Overview the Mayo Clinic also note:

“Though chemo brain is a widely used term, the causes of concentration and memory problems aren’t well-understood. It’s likely that there are multiple causes”.6

Managing Menopause

What can managing menopause in women with cancer involve?

The JH explain:

“Managing menopause in women with cancer involves a number of options:

  • Lifestyle changes to help reduce depression, anxiety, cardiovascular and osteoporosis risks
  • Complementary therapies
    • Herbal remedies (evidence on their effectiveness is limited)
    • Cognitive behavioural therapy
    • Hypnotherapy
  • Psychological support
  • Medication”.7

In Menopause and Menopausal Symptoms: Managing Menopause and Menopausal Symptoms Breastcancer.org elaborate on what to try “to ease various menopausal symptoms…”.8

Look for A Pattern

Menopause After CancerHow may women Look for A Pattern with their menopausal symptoms?

In Menopause After Cancer: What Can You Do To Manage Menopausal Symptoms? the JH elaborate on:

“To help you manage menopausal symptoms, keep a record of the symptoms troubling you the most and list:

  • Their frequency
  • Their severity
  • The effect they have on your daily life

Use this information to see what changes you can consider to reduce the impact of these troubling symptoms”.9

Menstrual Calendar

Where may I find a menstrual calendar to keep a record of my periods?

You may find one at:

HRT

Can women with cancer choose to use hormone replacement therapy (HRT)?

In Menopause and Menopausal Symptoms: Managing Menopause and Menopausal Symptoms Breastcancer.org elaborate on:

“Discuss the benefits and risks of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) with your doctor”.10

MHT and Breast Cancer Survivors

What is one of the points of consensus about menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) and breast cancer survivors?

One of the points of consensus in the Revised Global Consensus Statement on Menopausal Hormone Therapy: Section B: General Principles Governing the Use of MHT – endorsed by seven menopause-related organizations – published online 20 June 2016, is

  • “Current safety data do not support the use of systemic MHT in breast cancer survivors, although discussions, in selected women and in conjunction with each woman’s oncologist, may occur for compelling reasons after nonhormonal or complementary options have been unsuccessful”.11

Health Care Provider

What if I would like help with menopause after cancer?

If you would like help with menopause after cancer, it may be in your best interest to choose to talk to your health care provider about this. Together you can discuss your options and if required agree on who may be the most appropriate health care provider to help you.

Health Topics A-Z

Where may I find Health Topics related to Menopause After Cancer?

In Health Topics A-Z you may find:

Links

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Sources

Where may I find the Sources quoted?

You may find the Sources quoted at:

Sources

  1. Menopause After Cancer: Symptoms. Last Updated: 14 January 2020 | Last Reviewed: 17 December 2017. Jean Hailes for Women’s Health https://jeanhailes.org.au/health-a-z/menopause/menopause-after-cancer/ Accessed: 07 August 2020
  2. Menopause After Cancer. Last Updated: 14 January 2020 | Last Reviewed: 17 December 2017. Jean Hailes for Women’s Health https://jeanhailes.org.au/health-a-z/menopause/menopause-after-cancer/ Accessed: 07 August 2020
  3. How Menopause Can Happen With Breast Cancer Treatments. Last Modified on: 09 March 2019. Breastcancer.org https://www.breastcancer.org/tips/menopausal/types/treatment-induced Accessed: 07 August 2020
  4. Menopause After Cancer: Symptoms. Last Updated: 14 January 2020 | Last Reviewed: 17 December 2017. Jean Hailes for Women’s Health https://jeanhailes.org.au/health-a-z/menopause/menopause-after-cancer/ Accessed: 07 August 2020
  5. Chemo Brain: Symptoms & Causes – Overview. 22 March 2019. Mayo Clinic https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/chemo-brain/symptoms-causes/syc-20351060 Accessed: 07 August 2020
  6. Chemo Brain: Symptoms & Causes – Overview. 22 March 2019. Mayo Clinic https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/chemo-brain/symptoms-causes/syc-20351060 Accessed: 07 August 2020
  7. Menopause After Cancer: Management & Treatment of Symptoms. Last Updated: 14 January 2020 | Last Reviewed: 17 December 2017. Jean Hailes for Women’s Health https://jeanhailes.org.au/health-a-z/menopause/menopause-after-cancer/ Accessed: 07 August 2020
  8. Menopause and Menopausal Symptoms: Managing Menopause and Menopausal Symptoms. Last Modified on 23 April 2019. Breastcancer.org https://www.breastcancer.org/treatment/side_effects/menopause Accessed: 07 August 2020
  9. Menopause After Cancer: Management & Treatment of Symptoms. Last Updated: 14 January 2020 | Last Reviewed: 17 December 2017. Jean Hailes for Women’s Health https://jeanhailes.org.au/health-a-z/menopause/menopause-after-cancer/ Accessed: 07 August 2020
  10. Menopause and Menopausal Symptoms: Managing Menopause and Menopausal Symptoms. Last Modified on 23 April 2019. Breastcancer.org https://www.breastcancer.org/treatment/side_effects/menopause Accessed: 07 August 2020
  11. De Villiers, T. J., Hall, J. E., Pinkerton, J. V., Pérez, S. C., Rees, M., Yang, C. and Pierroz, D. D. Revised Global Consensus Statement on Menopausal Hormone Therapy: Section B: General Principles Governing the Use of MHT. Climacteric, 2016;19:4:314 https://www.imsociety.org/manage/images/pdf/ba6379e868044bec13015ac2b84f2753.pdf Accessed: 07 August 2020

Topic Last Updated: 07 August 2020 – Topic Last Reviewed: 07 August 2020
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