“The five types of gynecologic cancers are ovarian, endometrial/uterine, cervical, vulvar and vaginal cancer”.1

Umbrella

What may the Gynecologic Cancers Umbrella include?

Depending on the Source (DotS) this Umbrella may include:

  • Gynecologic/Gynaecological Cancer/s
  • Women’s Cancer/s

Cancer

What is cancer?

DotS the definition of cancer may vary. The (United States) National Cancer Institute’s (NCI) definition is:

“Cancer
A term for diseases in which abnormal cells divide without control and can invade nearby tissues. Cancer cells can also spread to other parts of the body through the blood and lymph systems”.2

Gynecologic Cancer

What is gynecologic cancer?

DotS the definition of gynecologic cancer may vary. The NCI’s definition is:

“Gynecologic Cancer
Cancer of the female reproductive tract, including the cervix, endometrium, fallopian tubes, ovaries, uterus, and vagina”.3

The (United States) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) definition is:

“Gynecologic cancer is any cancer that starts in a woman’s reproductive organs. Cancer is always named for the part of the body where it starts. Gynecologic cancers begin in different places within a woman’s pelvis, which is the area below the stomach and in between the hip bones”.4

In Women’s Cancers (Gynaecological Cancer) the (United Kingdom) Cancer Research UK’s definition is:

“Cancers that start in a woman’s reproductive system are called gynaecological cancers”.5

Types

What are the five main gynecologic cancers?

In Gynecologic Cancer Basics the (United States) Foundation for Women’s Cancers note:

“The five types of gynecologic cancers are ovarian, endometrial/uterine, cervical, vulvar and vaginal cancer”.6

Same or Not

Are signs and symptoms the same for everyone and each gynecologic cancer?

No. In Gynecologic Cancers: What Are the Symptoms? the CDC explain:

“Signs and symptoms are not the same for everyone and each gynecologic cancer (cervical, ovarian, uterine, vaginal, and vulvar cancers) has its own signs and symptoms”.7

Pap Test

Does the Pap Test screen for all the gynecologic cancers?

No. In Gynecologic Cancers: Basic Information About Gynecological Cancers the CDC elaborate on:

“Of all the gynecologic cancers, only cervical cancer has screening tests that can find this cancer early, when treatment can be most effective”.8

Risk

How may women reduce their risk for gynecologic cancer?

In Gynecologic Cancers: Basic Information – What Can I Do To Reduce My Risk? Recognize the Warning Signs the CDC note:

“Since there is no simple and reliable way to screen for any gynecologic cancers except cervical cancer, it is especially important to recognize warning signs and learn if there are things you can do to reduce your risk. Talk with your doctor if you believe that you are at increased risk for gynecologic cancer. Ask what you might do to lower your risk and whether there are tests that you should have”.9

Look for A Pattern

Gynecologic CancersHow may women look for a pattern with funny tummy symptoms?

On page two in Gynecologic Cancer Symptoms: Gynecologic Cancer Symptoms Diary the CDC elaborate on:

“Fill in the circles in the diary below for each day that you have a symptom. And see a doctor if you have bleeding that’s not normal for you, or if you have any of the other symptoms for two weeks or longer. It may be nothing to worry about, but find out for sure”.10

Health Care Provider

What if I have funny tummy symptoms?

If you have funny tummy symptoms it may be in your best interest to choose to talk to your health care provider about this. In Gynecologic Cancers: What Are the Symptoms? the CDC explain:

“If you have vaginal bleeding that is unusual for you, talk to a doctor right away. Any vaginal bleeding after menopause needs to be reported to your doctor. If you have not yet gone through menopause but notice that your periods are heavier, last longer than normal for you, or if you’re having unusual bleeding between periods, talk to your doctor. You should also see a doctor if you have any other warning signs that last for two weeks or longer and are not normal for you. Symptoms may be caused by something other than cancer, but the only way to know is to see a doctor”.11
Gynecologic Cancer Awareness Month

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Sources

Where may I find the Sources quoted?

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Sources

  1. Gynecologic Cancer Basics. National Foundation for Women’s Cancer https://www.foundationforwomenscancer.org/gynecologic-cancers/gynecologic-cancer-basics/ Accessed: 11 August 2020
  2. NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms: Cancer. National Cancer Institute https://www.cancer.gov/publications/dictionaries/cancer-terms/expand/C Accessed: 11 August 2020
  3. NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms: Gynecologic Cancer. National Cancer Institute https://www.cancer.gov/dictionary?cdrid=45982 Accessed: 11 August 2020
  4. Gynecologic Cancers: What Is Gynecologic Cancer? Page Last Reviewed: 07 August 2019. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/gynecologic/basic_info/what-is-gynecologic-cancer.htm Accessed: 11 August 2020
  5. Women’s Cancers (Gynaecological Cancer). Last Reviewed: 27 June 2017. Cancer Research UK https://www.cancerresearchuk.org/about-cancer/type/women/ Accessed: 11 August 2020
  6. Gynecologic Cancer Basics. National Foundation for Women’s Cancer https://www.foundationforwomenscancer.org/gynecologic-cancers/gynecologic-cancer-basics/ Accessed: 11 August 2020
  7. Gynecologic Cancers: What Are the Symptoms? Page Last Reviewed: 07 August 2019. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/gynecologic/basic_info/symptoms.htm Accessed: 11 August 2020
  8. Gynecologic Cancers: Basic Information About Gynecologic Cancers. Page Last Reviewed: 07 August 2019. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/gynecologic/basic_info/index.htm Accessed: 11 August 2020
  9. Gynecologic Cancers: Basic Information – What Can I Do To Reduce My Risk? Recognize the Warning Signs. Page Last Reviewed: 07 August 2019. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/gynecologic/basic_info/prevention.htm Accessed: 11 August 2020
  10. Gynecologic Cancer Symptoms: Gynecologic Cancer Symptoms Diary. August 2016:2. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/knowledge/pdf/CDC_GYN_SymptomsDiary.pdf Accessed: 11 August 2020
  11. Gynecologic Cancers: What Are the Symptoms? Page Last Reviewed: 07 August 2019. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/gynecologic/basic_info/symptoms.htm Accessed: 11 August 2020
Topic Last Updated: 11 August 2020 – Topic Last Reviewed: 11 August 2020
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