“The most common type of uterine cancer is also called endometrial cancer because it forms in the lining of your uterus, called the endometrium”.1

Umbrella
What may the Uterine Cancer Umbrella include?

Depending on the Source (DotS) this Umbrella may include:

  • Cancer of the Uterus
  • Endometrial Cancer
  • Sarcoma of the Uterus
  • Uterine Cancer
  • Uterus Cancer
  • Womb Cancer

Uterus

What is the uterus?

DotS the definition of uterus may vary. The (United States) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) definition is:

“The uterus is the pear-shaped organ in a woman’s pelvis (the area below your stomach and in between your hip bones). The uterus, also called the womb, is where the baby grows when a woman is pregnant”.2

Uterine Cancer

What is uterine cancer?

DotS the definition of uterine cancer may vary. The CDC’s definition is:

“When cancer starts in the uterus, it is called uterine cancer”.3

Most Common Type

What is the most common type of uterine cancer?

In Gynecologic Cancers: Uterine Cancer – Basic Information About Uterine Cancer [+ Diagram] the CDC elaborate on:

“The most common type of uterine cancer is also called endometrial cancer because it forms in the lining of your uterus, called the endometrium”.4

Endometrial Cancer

What is endometrial cancer?

DotS the definition of endometrial cancer may vary. Cancer Australia’s definition is:

“Endometrial cancer is cancer that arises from the lining of the uterus (called the endometrium)”.5

How common is endometrial cancer?

In Endometrial Cancer: What Is Endometrial Cancer? Cancer Australia also note:

“It is the most common type of cancer of the uterus, and the most common gynaecological cancer diagnosed in Australian women”.6

Cancer of the Muscle of the Uterus

Is endometrial cancer different from cancer of the muscle of the uterus?

Yes. In Endometrial Cancer Treatment (PDQ)–Patient Version: General Information About Endometrial Cancer – Endometrial Cancer Is A Disease In Which Malignant (Cancer) Cells Form In the Tissues of the Endometrium [+ Image] the (United States) National Cancer Institute (NCI) note:

“Cancer of the endometrium is different from cancer of the muscle of the uterus, which is called sarcoma of the uterus”.7

Uterine Sarcoma

What is uterine sarcoma?

DotS the definition of uterine sarcoma may vary. In Uterine Sarcoma Treatment (PDQ)–Patient Version: General Information About Uterine Sarcoma – Key Points [+ Images] the NCI’s definition is:

  • “Uterine sarcoma is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the muscles of the uterus or other tissues that support the uterus”.8

Endometrial Cancer Signs and Symptoms

What may be signs and symptoms of endometrial cancer?

In Endometrial Cancer Treatment (PDQ)–Patient Version: General Information About Uterine Sarcoma the NCI explain:

“Signs and symptoms of endometrial cancer include unusual vaginal bleeding or pain in the pelvis. These and other signs and symptoms may be caused by endometrial cancer or by other conditions. Check with your doctor if you have any of the following:

  • Vaginal bleeding or discharge not related to menstruation (periods)
  • Vaginal bleeding after menopause
  • Difficult or painful urination
  • Pain during sexual intercourse
  • Pain in the pelvic area”.9

The American Cancer Society (ACS) note:

“The American Cancer Society recommends that, at menopause, all women should be told about the risks and symptoms of endometrial cancer. Women should report any unusual discharge, spotting, or vaginal bleeding (that’s getting worse, occurring between periods, or happening after menopause) to a health care provider”.10

Cause

What causes the most common type of uterine cancer, endometrial cancer?

In Womb Cancer: Risks and Causes the (United Kingdom) Cancer Research UK elaborate on:

“We don’t know what causes most womb cancers. But there are some factors that can increase your risk of developing it”.11

Risk Factors

What are risk factors for uterine cancer?

In Gynecologic Cancers: Uterine Cancer – What Are the Risk Factors? the CDC explain:

“There is no way to know for sure if you will get uterine cancer. Some women get it without being at high risk. However, several factors may increase the chance that you will get uterine cancer, including if you—

  • Are older than 50
  • Are obese (have an abnormally high, unhealthy amount of body fat)
  • Take estrogen by itself (without progesterone) for hormone replacement during menopause
  • Have had trouble getting pregnant, or have had fewer than five periods in a year before starting menopause
  • Take tamoxifen, a drug used to treat certain types of breast cancer
  • Have close family members who have had uterine, colon, or ovarian cancer.
If one or more of these things is true for you, it does not mean you will get uterine cancer. But you should speak with your doctor to see if he or she recommends more frequent exams”.12

Age

Is there an association between age and uterine cancer?

According to the ACS:

“The risk of endometrial cancer increases as a woman gets older”.13

Menopause

Is there an association between menopause and uterine cancer?

On page one in Uterine Cancer: Who Gets Uterine Cancer? the CDC note:

Uterine Cancer“All women are at risk for uterine cancer, and the risk increases with age. Most uterine cancers are found in women who are going through, or who have gone through menopause—the time of life when your menstrual periods stop”.14

The (United Kingdom) NHS (National Health Service) also note:

“If you’ve been through the menopause, any vaginal bleeding is considered abnormal”.15

Pap Test

Does the Pap test, screen for uterine cancer?

No. The CDC explain:

“The Pap test does not screen for uterine cancer. The only cancer the Pap test screens for is cervical cancer”.16

Is the Pap test, a test for endometrial cancer?

No. The ACS note:

“There are no screening tests or exams to find endometrial cancer early in women who are at average risk and have no symptoms”.17

Health Care Provider

What if I think I have uterine cancer?

If you think you have uterine cancer, it may be in your best interest to choose to talk to your health care provider about this. The (United States) Mayo Clinic explain:

“Always seek medical advice if you have bleeding from your vagina after menopause”.18

In Womb (Uterus) Cancer: Overview – When To See A GP the NHS note:

“See your GP as soon as possible if you experience any unusual vaginal bleeding. While it’s unlikely to be caused by womb cancer, it’s best to be sure”.19

Who is a GP?

DotS and/or DotC (Depending on the Country) a GP may be a qualified and registered general practitioner, a medical practitioner, a medical doctor or a doctor.

Cancer Australia explain:

“If you have been told you have ‘cancer of the uterus’, ‘cancer of the womb’ or ‘uterine cancer’, and you are not sure if it is endometrial cancer or uterine sarcoma, check with your doctor”.20

The CDC also note:

“If your doctor says that you have uterine cancer, ask to be referred to a gynecologic oncologist—a doctor who has been trained to treat cancers like this. This doctor will work with you to create a treatment plan”.21

In Endometrial Cancer: Early Detection, Diagnosis, and Staging – Questions to Ask About Endometrial Cancer the ACS include “some questions you might want to ask”22 and explain:

“As you cope with cancer, you need to have honest, open talks with your doctor. You should feel free to ask any question, no matter how small it might seem. Nurses, social workers, and other members of your treatment team may also be able to answer many of your questions”.23

Health Topics A-Z

Where may I find Health Topics related to Uterine Cancer?

In Health Topics A-Z you may find:

Links

Where may I find Links related to Uterine Cancer?

Your country may have Links similar to:

Sources

Where may I find the Sources quoted above?

You may find the Sources at:

Sources

  1. Gynecologic Cancers: Uterine Cancer – Basic Information About Uterine Cancer. Page Last Reviewed: 09 August 2019. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/uterine/basic_info/ Accessed: 20 March 2020
  2. Gynecologic Cancers: Uterine Cancer – Basic Information About Uterine Cancer. Page Last Reviewed: 09 August 2019. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/uterine/basic_info/ Accessed: 20 March 2020
  3. Gynecologic Cancers: Uterine Cancer – Basic Information About Uterine Cancer. Page Last Reviewed: 09 August 2019. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/uterine/basic_info/ Accessed: 20 March 2020
  4. Gynecologic Cancers: Uterine Cancer – Basic Information About Uterine Cancer. Page Last Reviewed: 09 August 2019. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/uterine/basic_info/ Accessed: 20 March 2020
  5. Endometrial Cancer: What Is Endometrial Cancer? Cancer Australia https://canceraustralia.gov.au/affected-cancer/cancer-types/gynaecological-cancers/endometrial-cancer Accessed: 20 March 2020
  6. Endometrial Cancer: What Is Endometrial Cancer? Cancer Australia https://canceraustralia.gov.au/affected-cancer/cancer-types/gynaecological-cancers/endometrial-cancer Accessed: 20 March 2020
  7. Endometrial Cancer Treatment (PDQ)–Patient Version: General Information About Endometrial Cancer – Endometrial Cancer Is A Disease In Which Malignant (Cancer) Cells Form In the Tissues of the Endometrium. Updated: 12 June 2019. National Cancer Institute https://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/endometrial/Patient Accessed: 20 March 2020
  8. Uterine Sarcoma Treatment (PDQ)–Patient Version: General Information About Uterine Sarcoma – Key Points. Updated: 12 June 2019. National Cancer Institute https://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/uterinesarcoma/Patient Accessed: 20 March 2020
  9. Endometrial Cancer Treatment (PDQ)–Patient Version: General Information About Uterine Sarcoma. Updated 12 June 2019. National Cancer Institute https://www.cancer.gov/types/uterine/patient/endometrial-treatment-pdq Accessed: 20 March 2020
  10. Cancer Facts for Women: Endometrial Cancer – What You Can Do. Last Medical Review: 01 August 2019. Last Revised: 01 August 2019. American Cancer Society https://www.cancer.org/healthy/findcancerearly/womenshealth/cancer-facts-for-women Accessed: 20 March 2020
  11. Womb Cancer: Risks and Causes. Last Reviewed: 10 February 2020. Cancer Research UK https://www.cancerresearchuk.org/about-cancer/type/womb-cancer/about/womb-cancer-risks-and-causes Accessed: 20 March 2020
  12. Gynecologic Cancers: Uterine Cancer – What Are the Risk Factors? Page Last Reviewed: 09 August 2019. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/uterine/basic_info/risk_factors.htm Accessed: 20 March 2020
  13. Cancer Facts for Women: Endometrial Cancer. Last Medical Review: 01 August 2019. Last Revised: 01 August 2019. American Cancer Society https://www.cancer.org/healthy/findcancerearly/womenshealth/cancer-facts-for-women Accessed: 20 March 2020
  14. Uterine Cancer: Who Gets Uterine Cancer? Revised January 2019:1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/uterine/pdf/uterine_facts.pdf Accessed: 20 March 2020
  15. Womb (Uterus) Cancer: Overview. Page Last Reviewed: 01 June 2018. NHS (National Health Service) https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/womb-cancer/ Accessed: 20 March 2020
  16. Gynecologic Cancers: Uterine Cancer – What Should I Know About Screening? Page Last Reviewed: 09 August 2019. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/uterine/basic_info/screening.htm Accessed: 20 March 2020
  17. Cancer Facts for Women: Endometrial Cancer – What You Can Do. Last Medical Review: 01 August 2019. Last Revised: 01 August 2019. American Cancer Society https://www.cancer.org/healthy/findcancerearly/womenshealth/cancer-facts-for-women Accessed: 20 March 2020
  18. Menopause: Symptoms & Causes – Symptoms: When To See A Doctor. 07 August 2017. Mayo Clinic https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/menopause/symptoms-causes/syc-20353397 Accessed: 20 March 2020
  19. Womb (Uterus) Cancer: Overview – Symptoms of Womb Cancer. Page Last Reviewed: 01 June 2018. NHS (National Health Service) https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/womb-cancer/#when-to-see-a-gp Accessed: 20 March 2020
  20. Endometrial Cancer: What Is Endometrial Cancer? Cancer Australia https://canceraustralia.gov.au/affected-cancer/cancer-types/gynaecological-cancers/endometrial-cancer Accessed: 20 March 2020
  21. Uterine Cancer: What Should I Do If My Doctor Says I Have Uterine Cancer? Revised January 2019: 2. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/uterine/pdf/uterine_facts.pdf Accessed: 20 March 2020
  22. Endometrial Cancer: Early Detection, Diagnosis, and Staging – Questions to Ask About Endometrial Cancer. Last Medical Review: 27 March 2019. Last Revised: 27 March 2019. American Cancer Society https://www.cancer.org/cancer/endometrial-cancer/detection-diagnosis-staging/talking-with-doctor.html Accessed: 20 March 2020
  23. Endometrial Cancer: Early Detection, Diagnosis, and Staging – Questions to Ask About Endometrial Cancer. Last Medical Review: 27 March 2019. Last Revised: 27 March 2019. American Cancer Society https://www.cancer.org/cancer/endometrial-cancer/detection-diagnosis-staging/talking-with-doctor.html Accessed: 20 March 2020
Topic Last Updated: 20 March 2020 – Topic Last Reviewed: 20 March 2020
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