“The risk of bowel cancer can be reduced by not smoking, a healthy diet with plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables, limiting consumption of red meat, avoiding…”.1

Umbrella
What may the Bowel Cancer Umbrella include?

Depending on the Source (DotS) this Umbrella may include:

  • Bowel Cancer
  • Cancer of the Back Passage
  • Colon Cancer
  • Colorectal Cancer
  • Rectal Cancer/Cancer of the Rectum

Bowel Cancer

What is bowel cancer?

DotS the definition of bowel cancer may vary. The (United Kingdom) Cancer Research UK’s definition is:

“Bowel cancer is cancer that starts in the large bowel (colon) or back passage (rectum). It is also known as colorectal cancer”.2

Colorectal Cancer

What is colorectal cancer?

DotS the definition of colorectal cancer may vary. In Colorectal Cancer: About Colorectal Cancer – What Is Colorectal Cancer? the American Cancer Society’s (ACS) definition is:

“Colorectal cancer is a cancer that starts in the colon or the rectum. These cancers can also be named colon cancer or rectal cancer, depending on where they start. Colon cancer and rectal cancer are often grouped together because they have many features in common”.3

Colon Cancer

What is colon cancer?

DotS the definition of colon cancer may vary. The (United States) National Cancer Institute’s (NCI) definition is:

“Colon cancer
Cancer that forms in the tissues of the colon (the longest part of the large intestine). Most colon cancers are adenocarcinomas (cancers that begin in cells that make and release mucus and other fluids)”.4

Rectal Cancer

What is rectal cancer?

DotS the definition of rectal cancer may vary. The NCI’s definition is:

“Rectal cancer
Cancer that forms in the tissues of the rectum (the last several inches of the large intestine closest to the anus)”.5

Risk

What can the risk of developing bowel cancer depend on?

In Bowel Cancer: What Is Bowel Cancer? Who Gets It Cancer Research UK elaborate on:

“The risk of developing bowel cancer depends on many factors, including:

  • Age
  • Genetics and family history
  • Medical conditions such as familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP), Lynch syndrome, ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease
  • Diet and lifestyle factors
  • Radiation”.6

Age

What is the association between age and the risk of developing bowel cancer?

In Colorectal (Colon) Cancer: What Are the Risk Factors for Colorectal Cancer? the (United States) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention elaborate on:

Bowel Cancer
“Your risk of getting colorectal cancer increases as you get older. About 90% of cases occur in people who are 50 years old or older”.7

Common or Not

How common is bowel cancer?

DotS, DotC, (Depending on the Country), DotY (Depending on the Year), or depending on excluding skin cancers or not; how common bowel cancer is may vary. In the United States according to the ACS:

“Excluding skin cancers, colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer diagnosed in both men and women in the United States”.8

In the United Kingdom (UK) according to Cancer Research UK:

“It is the 4th most common cancer in the UK”.9

In Australia according to the Cancer Council Australia:

“Bowel cancer is the second most common cancer in both men and women in Australia and is more common in people over the age of 50”.10

Women

In women, is colorectal cancer a leading cause of cancer-related deaths?

According to the ACS:

“In the United States, colorectal cancer is the third leading cause of cancer-related deaths in men and in women, and the second most common cause of cancer deaths when men and women are combined. It’s expected to cause about 53,200 deaths during 2020”.11

Prevention

How can bowel cancer be prevented?

In Bowel Cancer: How Can You Reduce Your Risk of Bowel Cancer? the World Cancer Research Fund UK elaborate on:

“These steps are based on research from our Continuous Update Project (CUP):

  • Eat well…
  • Be a healthy weight…
  • Be more active…
  • Don’t drink alcohol
  • Don’t smoke”.12

The Cancer Council Australia explain:

“The risk of bowel cancer can be reduced by not smoking, a healthy diet with plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables, limiting consumption of red meat, avoiding processed meats, and maintaining a healthy body weight”.13

Health Care Provider

What if I think I am at risk for bowel cancer?

If you think you are at risk for bowel cancer, it may be in your best interest to choose to talk to your health care provider about this. In Colorectal (Colon) Cancer: Basic Information About Colorectal Cancer the CDC elaborate on:

Bowel Cancer

“If you are 50 years old or older, get screened now. If you think you may be at increased risk for colorectal cancer, speak with your doctor about when to begin screening, which test is right for you, and how often to get tested”.14

Health Topics A-Z

Where may I find Health Topics related to Bowel Cancer?

In Health Topics A-Z you may find:

Links

Where may I find Links related to Bowel Cancer?

Your Country may have Links similar to:

Sources

Where may I find the Sources quoted above?

You may find the Sources at:

Sources

  1. Bowel Cancer: Preventing Bowel Cancer. This Page Was Last Updated on: 22 March 2019. Cancer Council Australia https://www.cancer.org.au/about-cancer/types-of-cancer/bowel-cancer/ Accessed: 07 March 2020
  2. Bowel Cancer: What Is Bowel Cancer? Last Reviewed: 27 July 2018. Cancer Research UK https://www.cancerresearchuk.org/about-cancer/bowel-cancer/about-bowel-cancer Accessed: 07 March 2020
  3. Colorectal Cancer: About Colorectal Cancer – What Is Colorectal Cancer? Last Medical Review: 21 February 2018. Last Revised: 21 February 2018. American Cancer Society https://www.cancer.org/cancer/colonandrectumcancer/detailedguide/colorectal-cancer-what-is-colorectal-cancer Accessed: 07 March 2020
  4. NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms:  C – Colon Cancer. National Cancer Institute https://www.cancer.gov/publications/dictionaries/cancer-terms?expand=C Accessed: 07 March 2020
  5. NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms: R – Rectal Cancer. National Cancer Institute https://www.cancer.gov/publications/dictionaries/cancer-terms?expand=R Accessed: 07 March 2020
  6. Bowel Cancer: What Is Bowel Cancer? Who Gets It. Last Reviewed: 27 July 2018. Cancer Research UK https://about-cancer.cancerresearchuk.org/about-cancer/bowel-cancer/about-bowel-cancer Accessed: 07 March 2020
  7. Colorectal (Colon) Cancer: What Are the Risk Factors for Colorectal Cancer? Page Last Reviewed: 10 February 2020. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/colorectal/basic_info/risk_factors.htm Accessed: 07 March 2020
  8. Colorectal Cancer: About Colorectal Cancer – Key Statistics for Colorectal Cancer: How Common Is Colorectal Cancer? Last Medical Review: 21 February 2018. Last Revised: 08 January 2020. American Cancer Society https://www.cancer.org/cancer/colon-rectal-cancer/about/key-statistics.html Accessed: 07 March 2020
  9. Bowel Cancer: What Is Bowel Cancer? How Common It Is. Last Reviewed: 27 July 2018. Cancer Research UK https://www.cancerresearchuk.org/about-cancer/bowel-cancer/about-bowel-cancer Accessed: 07 March 2020
  10. Bowel Cancer: What Is Bowel Cancer? This Page Was Last Updated on: 22 March 2019. Cancer Council Australia https://www.cancer.org.au/about-cancer/types-of-cancer/bowel-cancer/ Accessed: 07 March 2020
  11. Colorectal Cancer: About Colorectal Cancer – Key Statistics for Colorectal Cancer: Deaths From Colorectal Cancer. Last Medical Review: 21 February 2018. Last Revised: 08 January 2020. American Cancer Society https://www.cancer.org/cancer/colonandrectumcancer/detailedguide/colorectal-cancer-key-statistics Accessed: 07 March 2020
  12. Bowel Cancer: Can Bowel Cancer Be Prevented? World Cancer Research Fund UK https://www.wcrf-uk.org/uk/preventing-cancer/cancer-types/reducing-your-risk-bowel-cancer Accessed: 07 March 2020
  13. Bowel Cancer: Preventing Bowel Cancer. This Page Was Last Updated on: 22 March 2019. Cancer Council Australia https://www.cancer.org.au/about-cancer/types-of-cancer/bowel-cancer/ Accessed: 07 March 2020
  14. Colorectal (Colon) Cancer: Basic Information About Colorectal Cancer. Page Last Reviewed: 10 February 2020. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/colorectal/basic_info/index.htm Accessed: 07 March 2020
Topic Last Updated: 11 March 2020 – Topic Last Reviewed: 07 March 2020
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