“There is no early detection test for ovarian cancer, so all women need to be aware of the symptoms. The most commonly reported symptoms for ovarian cancer…”.1

Umbrella
What may the Ovarian Cancer Umbrella include?

Depending on the Source (DotS) this Umbrella may include:

  • Cancer of the Ovary
  • Ovarian Cancer

Cancer

What is cancer?

DotS the definition of cancer may vary. The (United States) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) definition is:

Cancer is a disease in which abnormal cells in the body grow out of control. Cancer is usually named for the part of the body where it starts, even if it spreads to other body parts later”.2

Ovarian Cancer

What is ovarian cancer?

DotS the definition of ovarian cancer may vary. The CDC’s definition is:

“Ovarian cancer is a group of diseases that originates in the ovaries, or in the related areas of the fallopian tubes and the peritoneum”.3

Types

What are the different types of ovarian cancer?

In Ovarian, Fallopian Tube, and Primary Peritoneal Cancer Screening (PDQ®)–Patient Version the (United States) National Cancer Institute (NCI) elaborate the different types of ovarian cancer and include a diagram of the ovaries.

Symptoms

What can be symptoms of ovarian cancer?

In Ovarian Cancer: When To See A Doctor the (United Kingdom) Cancer Research UK explain:

“You should arrange to see your doctor if you have any of these signs and symptoms:

  • Feeling full quickly
  • Loss of appetite
  • Pain in your tummy (abdomen) or lower part of your abdomen that doesn’t go away
  • Bloating or and increase in the size of your abdomen
  • Needing to wee more often…”.4

In Signs and Symptoms Ovarian Cancer Australia elaborate on:

“There is no early detection test for ovarian cancer, so all women need to be aware of the symptoms. The most commonly reported symptoms for ovarian cancer are:

  • Increased abdominal size or persistent abdominal bloating
  • Abdominal or pelvic (lower tummy) pain
  • Feeling full after eating a small amount
  • Needing to urinate often or urgently”.5

Ovarian Cancer

Additional Symptoms

What can be additional symptoms of ovarian cancer?

In Signs and Symptoms: Additional Symptoms Ovarian Cancer Australia elaborate on:

  • “Changes in bowel habits
  • Unexplained weight gain or loss
  • Excessive fatigue
  • Lower back pain
  • Indigestion or nausea
  • Bleeding after menopause or in-between periods
  • Pain during sex or bleeding after”.6

Cause

What causes ovarian cancer?

In Ovarian Cancer: Main Causes of Ovarian Cancer the (United Kingdom) NHS explain:

“You may have a higher chance of getting ovarian cancer if you:

  • Inherited a faulty gene, such as the BRCA genes or those linked to Lynch syndrome
  • Had breast cancer or bowel cancer
  • Had radiotherapy treatment for a previous cancer
  • Have endometriosis or diabetes
  • Started your periods at a young age or went through the menopause late (over 55), or have not had a baby – because these things may mean you’ve released more eggs (ovulated more)
  • Have never used any hormonal contraception, such as the pill or an implant
  • Are taking hormone replacement therapy (HRT)
  • Are overweight
  • Smoke”.7

Age

Is there an association between age and ovarian cancer?

According to the NHS:

“The risk of developing ovarian cancer increases with age, with more than half of all cases in the UK in those aged 65 and over”.8

The (United States) ACS note:

“This cancer mainly develops in older women. About half of the women who are diagnosed with ovarian cancer are 63 years or older. It is more common in white women than African American women”.9

Common or Not

How common is ovarian cancer?

In the United States, the NCI in Ovarian, Fallopian Tube, and Primary Peritoneal Cancer Screening (PDQ®)–Patient Version: General Information About Ovarian, Fallopian Tube, and Primary Peritoneal Cancer elaborate on:

“In the United States, ovarian cancer is the fifth leading cause of cancer death in women.

While ovarian cancer is rare, it is the leading cause of death from cancer of the female reproductive system”.10

In the United, Kingdom (UK) Cancer Research UK note:

“Around 7,500 women are diagnosed with ovarian cancer in the UK each year. This makes ovarian cancer the 6th most common cancer in women”.11

Pap Test

Does the Pap test check for ovarian cancer?

No. In Ovarian Cancer: What Should I Know About Screening? the CDC note:

“The Pap test does not check for ovarian cancer. The only cancer the Pap test screens for is cervical cancer. Since there is no simple and reliable way to screen for any gynecologic cancer except for cervical cancer, it is especially important to recognize warning signs, and learn what you can do to reduce your risk”.12

Symptom Diary

Where may I find an ovarian cancer symptom diary?

You may find an ovarian cancer symptom diary in:

Health Care Provider

What if I have funny tummy symptoms?

If you have funny tummy symptoms, it may be in your best interest to choose to talk to your health care provider about this.

In Ovarian Cancer: How Is Ovarian Cancer Diagnosed? the (Australian) Jean Hailes for Women’s Health explain:

“If you experience some of the symptoms of ovarian cancer for more than two weeks, and they are a change from what is normal for you, ask your doctor about the possibility of ovarian cancer”.13

Health Topics A-Z

Where may I find Health Topics related to Ovarian Cancer?

In Health Topics A-Z you may find:

Links

Where may I find Links related to Ovarian Cancer?

Your Country may have Links similar to:

Sources

Where may I find the Sources quoted?

You may find the Sources quoted at:

Sources

  1. Signs and Symptoms. Ovarian Cancer Australia https://www.ovariancancer.net.au/page/134/signs-and-symptoms Accessed: 21 November 2022
  2. Ovarian Cancer: Basic Information About Ovarian Cancer. Page Last Reviewed: 31 August 2022. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/ovarian/basic_info/index.htm Accessed: 21 November 2022
  3. Ovarian Cancer: Basic Information About Ovarian Cancer. Page Last Reviewed: 31 October 2022. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/ovarian/basic_info/screening.htm Accessed: 21 November 2022
  4. Ovarian Cancer: Symptoms of Ovarian Cancer. Last Reviewed: 30 November 2021. Cancer Research UK https://www.cancerresearchuk.org/about-cancer/type/ovarian-cancer/about/ovarian-cancer-symptoms Accessed: 21 November 2022
  5. Signs and Symptoms. Ovarian Cancer Australia https://www.ovariancancer.net.au/page/134/signs-and-symptoms Accessed: 21 November 2022
  6. Signs and Symptoms: Additional Symptoms. Ovarian Cancer Australia https://www.ovariancancer.net.au/page/134/signs-and-symptoms Accessed: 21 November 2022
  7. Ovarian Cancer: Main Causes of Ovarian Cancer. Page Last Reviewed: 24 January 2022. NHS https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/ovarian-cancer/causes/ Accessed: 21 November 2022
  8. Ovarian Cancer: Main Causes of Ovarian Cancer. Page Last Reviewed: 24 January 2022. NHS https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/ovarian-cancer/causes/ Accessed: 21 November 2022
  9. Ovarian Cancer: About Ovarian Cancer – Key Statistics for Ovarian Cancer. Last Revised: 12 January 2022. American Cancer Society https://www.cancer.org/cancer/ovarian-cancer/about/key-statistics.html Accessed: 21 November 2022
  10. Ovarian, Fallopian Tube, and Primary Peritoneal Cancer Screening (PDQ®)–Patient Version: General Information About Ovarian, Fallopian Tube, and Primary Peritoneal Cancer. Updated: 10 June 2022. National Cancer Institute https://www.cancer.gov/types/ovarian/patient/ovarian-screening-pdq#section/_5 Accessed: 21 November 2022
  11. Ovarian Cancer: How Common It Is. Last Reviewed: 30 November 2021. Cancer Research UK https://about-cancer.cancerresearchuk.org/about-cancer/ovarian-cancer/what-is-ovarian-cancer Accessed: 21 November 2022
  12. Ovarian Cancer – Basic Information: What Should I Know About Screening? Page Last Reviewed: 31 August 2022. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/ovarian/basic_info/screening.htm Accessed: 21 November 2022
  13. Ovarian Cancer: How Is Ovarian Cancer Diagnosed? Last Updated: 10 February 2022 | Last Reviewed: 16 July 2021. Jean Hailes for Women’s Health https://www.jeanhailes.org.au/health-a-z/vulva-vagina-ovaries-uterus/ovarian-cancer#diagnosis Accessed: 21 November 2022
Topic Last Updated: 21 November 2022 – Topic Last Reviewed: 21 November 2022

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