“The Pap test does not check for ovarian cancer.
The only cancer the Pap test screens for is
cervical cancer”.1

Umbrella
What may the Ovarian Cancer Umbrella include?

Depending on the Source (DotS) this Umbrella may include:

  • Cancer of the Ovary
  • Ovarian Cancer

Cancer

What is cancer?

DotS the definition of cancer may vary. The (United States) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) definition is:

Cancer is a disease in which abnormal cells in the body grow out of control. Cancer is always named for the part of the body where it starts, even if it spreads to other body parts later”.2

Ovarian Cancer

What is ovarian cancer?

DotS the definition of ovarian cancer may vary. The American Cancer Society’s (ACS) definition is:

“Ovarian cancers were previously believed to begin only in the ovaries, but recent evidence suggests that many ovarian cancers may actually start in the cells in the far (distal) end of the fallopian tubes”.3

Types

What are different types of ovarian cancer?

In Ovarian Cancer: About Ovarian Cancer – What Is Ovarian Cancer? the ACS elaborate on different types of ovarian cancer and include a diagram of the ovaries.

Symptoms

What can be symptoms of ovarian cancer?

In Ovarian Cancer: Symptoms of Ovarian Cancer the (United Kingdom) Cancer Research UK elaborate on:

“The symptoms of ovarian cancer can be very vague, particularly when the disease is in its early stages.

See your doctor if you have any of these signs and symptoms:

  • Feeling full quickly
  • Loss of appetite
  • Pain in your tummy (abdomen) or lower part of your abdomen that doesn’t go away
  • Bloating or and increase in the size of your abdomen
  • Needing to wee more often…”.4

In Signs and Symptoms Ovarian Cancer Australia elaborate on:

Signs and Symptoms of Ovarian Cancer

“There is no early detection test for ovarian cancer, so all women need to be aware of the symptoms. The most commonly reported symptoms for ovarian cancer are:

  • Increased abdominal size or persistent abdominal bloating
  • Abdominal or pelvic (lower tummy) pain
  • Feeling full after eating a small amount
  • Needing to urinate often or urgently”.5

Additional Symptoms

What can be additional symptoms of ovarian cancer?

In Signs and Symptoms: Additional Symptoms Ovarian Cancer Australia elaborate on:

  • “Changes in bowel habits
  • Unexplained weight gain or loss
  • Excessive fatigue
  • Lower back pain
  • Indigestion or nausea
  • Bleeding after menopause or in-between periods
  • Pain during sex or bleeding after”.6

Cause

What causes ovarian cancer?

In Ovarian Cancer: Causes of Ovarian Cancer? the (United Kingdom) NHS (National Health Service) explain:

“The exact cause of ovarian cancer is unknown.

But some things may increase a woman’s risk of getting it, such as:

  • Being over the age of 50
  • A family history of ovarian or breast cancer – this could mean you have inherited genes that increase your cancer risk
  • Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) – although any increase in cancer risk is likely to be very small
  • Endometriosis – a condition where tissue that behaves like the lining of the womb is found outside the womb
  • Being overweight
  • Smoking
  • Lack of exercise
  • Exposure to asbestos”.7

Age

Is there an association between age and ovarian cancer?

The ACS note:

“This cancer mainly develops in older women. About half of the women who are diagnosed with ovarian cancer are 63 years or older. It is more common in white women than African-American women”.8

Common or Not

How common is ovarian cancer?

In the United States the (United States) National Cancer Institute in Ovarian, Fallopian Tube, and Primary Peritoneal Cancer Screening (PDQ®)–Patient Version: General Information About Ovarian, Fallopian Tube, and Primary Peritoneal Cancer elaborate on:

“In the United States, ovarian cancer is the fifth leading cause of cancer death in women.

While ovarian cancer is rare, it is the leading cause of death from cancer of the female reproductive system”.9

In the United Kingdom (UK) Cancer Research UK note:

“Around 7,500 women are diagnosed with ovarian cancer in the UK each year. This makes ovarian cancer the 6th most common cancer in women”.10

Pap Test

Does the Pap test check for ovarian cancer?

No. In Gynecologic Cancers: Ovarian Cancer – Basic Information: What Should I Know About Screening? the CDC note:

“The Pap test does not check for ovarian cancer. The only cancer the Pap test screens for is cervical cancer. Since there is no simple and reliable way to screen for any gynecologic cancer except for cervical cancer, it is especially important to recognize warning signs, and learn what you can do to reduce your risk”.11

Symptom DiaryOvarian Cancer

Where may I find an ovarian cancer symptom diary?

You may find an ovarian cancer symptom diary in:

Health Care Provider

What if I have funny tummy symptoms?

If you have funny tummy symptoms, it may be in your best interest to choose to talk to your health care provider about this.

In Ovarian Cancer: How Is Ovarian Cancer Diagnosed? the (Australian) Jean Hailes for Women’s Health explain:

“If you experience some of the symptoms of ovarian cancer for more than two weeks, and they are a change from the normal for you, ask your doctor about the possibility of ovarian cancer”.12

In I Have Ovarian Cancer Symptoms – What Next? Going To the GP With Symptoms During the COVID-19 Period Ovarian Cancer Action explain:

“If you are experiencing one or more of the symptoms of ovarian cancer, don’t let the COVID-19 pandemic put you off contacting your GP. It’s still important to get them checked out by your doctor. GPs and hospitals are still open for business and have put measures in place to make sure they can see you as quickly and safely as possible. In most instances, you will be assessed on the phone or via video, and offered a follow up appointment if necessary”.13

Health Topics A-Z

Where may I find Health Topics related to Ovarian Cancer?

In Health Topics A-Z you may find:

Links

Where may I find Links related to Ovarian Cancer?

Your Country may have Links similar to:

Sources

Where may I find the Sources quoted?

You may find the Sources quoted at:

Sources

  1. Gynecologic Cancers: Ovarian Cancer – Basic Information: What Should I Know About Screening? Page Last Reviewed: 15 August 2019. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/ovarian/basic_info/screening.htm Accessed: 10 August 2020
  2. Gynecologic Cancers: Ovarian Cancer – Basic Information About Ovarian Cancer. Page Last Reviewed: 15 August 2019. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/ovarian/basic_info/index.htm Accessed: 10 August 2020
  3. Ovarian Cancer: About Ovarian Cancer – What Is Ovarian Cancer? Last Medical Review: 11 April 2018 | Last Revised: 11 April 2018 American Cancer Society https://www.cancer.org/cancer/ovariancancer/detailedguide/ovarian-cancer-what-is-ovarian-cancer Accessed: 10 August 2020
  4. Ovarian Cancer: Symptoms of Ovarian Cancer. Last Reviewed: 13 December 2018. Cancer Research UK https://www.cancerresearchuk.org/about-cancer/type/ovarian-cancer/about/ovarian-cancer-symptoms Accessed: 10 August 2020
  5. Signs and Symptoms. Ovarian Cancer Australia https://www.ovariancancer.net.au/page/134/signs-and-symptoms Accessed: 10 August 2020
  6. Signs and Symptoms: Additional Symptoms. Ovarian Cancer Australia https://www.ovariancancer.net.au/page/134/signs-and-symptoms Accessed: 10 August 2020
  7. Ovarian Cancer: Causes of Ovarian Cancer? Page Last Reviewed: 10 February 2020. NHS (National Health Service) https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/ovarian-cancer/#causes-of-ovarian-cancer Accessed: 10 August 2020
  8. Ovarian Cancer: About Ovarian Cancer – Key Statistics About Ovarian Cancer? Last Medical Review: 11 April 2018 | Last Revised: 08 January 2020. American Cancer Society https://www.cancer.org/cancer/ovariancancer/detailedguide/ovarian-cancer-key-statistics Accessed: 10 August 2020
  9. Ovarian, Fallopian Tube, and Primary Peritoneal Cancer Screening (PDQ®)–Patient Version: General Information About Ovarian, Fallopian Tube, and Primary Peritoneal Cancer. Updated: 05 August 2020. National Cancer Institute https://www.cancer.gov/types/ovarian/patient/ovarian-screening-pdq#section/_5 Accessed: 10 August 2020
  10. Ovarian Cancer: How Common It Is. Last Reviewed: 13 December 2018. Cancer Research UK https://about-cancer.cancerresearchuk.org/about-cancer/ovarian-cancer/what-is-ovarian-cancer Accessed: 10 August 2020
  11. Gynecologic Cancers: Ovarian Cancer – Basic Information: What Should I Know About Screening? Page Last Reviewed: 15 August 2019. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/ovarian/basic_info/screening.htm Accessed: 10 August 2020
  12. Signs and Symptoms. Ovarian Cancer Australia https://ovariancancer.net.au/signs-and-symptoms/ Accessed: 10 August 2020
  13. I Have Ovarian Cancer Symptoms – What Next? Going To the GP With Symptoms During the COVID-19 Period. Ovarian Cancer Action https://ovarian.org.uk/ovarian-cancer/i-have-symptoms-what-next/ Accessed: 10 August 2020

Topic Last Updated: 16 September 2020 – Topic Last Reviewed: 10 August 2020
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