“No, menopause itself doesn’t increase the risk of cancer. Cancers are more common as people age, however. Most cancers occur in people age 55 and older”.1

Umbrella
What may the Cancer and Menopause Umbrella include?

Depending on the Source (DotS) this Umbrella may include:

  • Age and Cancer
  • Cancer and Age
  • Cancer and Menopause
  • Menopause and Cancer

Menopause

Is there an association between menopause and cancer?

In Menopause FAQs: Your Health After Menopause – Q. Is there any relationship between menopause and cancer? the North American Menopause Society elaborate on:

“A. No, menopause itself doesn’t increase the risk of cancer. Cancers are more common as people age, however. Most cancers occur in people age 55 and older”.2

Postmenopause

Postmenopause what factors are linked with increased risk of cancer?

In Menopause and Cancer Risk: Menopause and Cancer Risk the American Society of Clinical Oncology’s patient information website Cancer.Net explain:

Cancer and Menopause

“Two main factors are linked with increased cancer risk after menopause:

  • Increased exposure to hormones, such as estrogen
  • Increased number of ovulations
Ovulation occurs when the ovary releases eggs. Women who menstruate for many years have many ovulations, which increases the risk of uterine, breast, and ovarian cancers. This includes women who:

  • Begin menstruating before age 12
  • Start menopause after age 55”.3

Health Care Provider

What if I would like to lower my risk of cancer?

If you would like to lower your risk of cancer, it may be in your best interest to choose to talk to your health care provider about this. The (United States) National Cancer Institute note:

“Avoiding cancer risk factors may help prevent certain cancers. Risk factors include smoking, being overweight, and not getting enough exercise. Increasing protective factors such as quitting smoking and exercising may also help prevent some cancers. Talk to your doctor or other health care professional about how you might lower your risk of cancer”.4

Health Topics A-Z

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Sources

  1. Menopause FAQs: Your Health After Menopause – Q. Is there any relationship between menopause and cancer? North American Menopause Society https://www.menopause.org/for-women/menopause-faqs-your-health-after-menopause Accessed: 11 August 2020
  2. Menopause FAQs: Your Health After Menopause – Q. Is there any relationship between menopause and cancer? North American Menopause Society https://www.menopause.org/for-women/menopause-faqs-your-health-after-menopause Accessed: 11 August 2020
  3. Menopause and Cancer Risk: Menopause and Cancer Risk. Approved: 09/2019. American Society of Clinical Oncology https://www.cancer.net/navigating-cancer-care/prevention-and-healthy-living/menopause-and-cancer-risk Accessed: 11 August 2020
  4. Skin Cancer Prevention (PDQ)–Patient Version: Skin Cancer Prevention – Avoiding Risk Factors and Increasing Protective Factors May Help Prevent Cancer. Updated: 10 April 2019. National Cancer Institute https://www.cancer.gov/types/skin/patient/skin-prevention-pdq#section/_16 Accessed: 11 August 2020
Topic Last Updated: 11 August 2020 – Topic Last Reviewed: 11 August 2020
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