“The approaches that work best for each of us to manage our anxiety will differ. We may need to try a few different approaches to find one that helps us to manage anxiety”.1

Umbrella
What may the Anxiety Umbrella include?

Depending on the Source (DotS) this Umbrella may include:

  • Anxiety
  • Anxiety Disorders

Terminology

Can anxiety mean different things to different people?

I think the term anxiety can be like the terms diet, love and menopause and mean different things, to different people, at different times, in different places.

When I use the term anxiety what I mean may be different to what someone else means or what is meant in medicaltalk by the term anxiety disorder.

It can therefore be important when the term anxiety is used, to be clear about what is meant, so we may work out whether we are on the same page meaning the same thing, or not.

Anxiety

What is anxiety?

DotS the definition of anxiety may vary. The (Australian) Jean Hailes for Women’s Health’s (JH) definition is:

“Anxiety is part of being human. Everyone experiences it. We describe anxiety as feeling nervous, worried, uneasy, panicky, and fearful about what might happen”.2

In Anxiety the (Australian) Beyondblue’s definition is:

“Anxiety is more than just feeling stressed or worried. While stress and anxious feelings are a common response to a situation where we feel under pressure, they usually pass once the stressful situation has passed, or ‘stressor’ is removed.

Everyone feels anxious from time to time. When anxious feelings don’t go away, happen without any particular reason or make it hard to cope with daily life it may be the sign of an anxiety condition”.3

Anxiety Disorder

What is anxiety disorder?

DotS the definition of anxiety disorder may vary. In Anxiety Disorders the (United States) National Institute of Mental Health’s (NIMH) definition is:

“Occasional anxiety is an expected part of life. You might feel anxious when faced with a problem at work, before taking a test, or before making an important decision. But anxiety disorders involve more than temporary worry or fear. For a person with an anxiety disorder, the anxiety does not go away and can get worse over time. The symptoms can interfere with daily activities such as job performance, school work, and relationships”.4

Types

What are types of anxiety disorder?

In Anxiety: Types of Anxiety Disorder the (United Kingdom) Mental Health Foundation (MHF) explain:

“There are different types of anxiety disorder, each of which will have slightly different symptoms and treatment. Some examples of anxiety disorders include:

  • Generalised Anxiety Disorder
  • Panic Disorder (regular sudden attacks of panic or fear)
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
  • Social Anxiety Disorder
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
  • Specific Phobias (overwhelming and incapacitating fear of a specific object, place, situation or feeling)”.5

Signs and Symptoms

What are signs and symptoms of anxiety disorder?

In Anxiety: Signs and Symptoms Beyondblue explain:

Anxiety

“The symptoms of anxiety conditions are sometimes not all that obvious as they often develop slowly over time and, given we all experience some anxiety at various points in our lives, it can be hard to know how much is too much”.6

Generalized Anxiety Disorder

What is Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)?

DotS the definition of GAD may vary. In Anxiety Disorders: Signs and Symptoms – Generalized Anxiety Disorder the NIMH elaborate on:

“People with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) display excessive anxiety or worry, most days for at least 6 months, about a number of things such as personal health, work, social interactions, and everyday routine life circumstances. The fear and anxiety can cause significant problems in areas of their life, such as social interactions, school, and work”.7

In Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD): Understanding GAD the Anxiety and Depression Association of America’s (ADAA) definition is:

“Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) is characterized by persistent and excessive worry about a number of different things. People with GAD may anticipate disaster and may be overly concerned about money, health, family, work, or other issues. Individuals with GAD find it difficult to control their worry. They may worry more than seems warranted about actual events or may expect the worst even when there is no apparent reason for concern”.8

The ADAA also explain:

“GAD is diagnosed when a person finds it difficult to control worry on more days than not for at least six months and has three or more symptoms. This differentiates GAD from worry that may be specific to a set stressor or for a more limited period of time. Learn more about symptoms. This differentiates GAD from worry that may be specific to a set stressor or for a more limited period of time”.9

What causes GAD?

According to the MHF:

“There are many different factors that may contribute to the development of mental health problems like anxiety disorders. These factors include biological factors (for example genetics, experience of chronic physical illness or injury and psychological or social factors (experiences of trauma or adversity in childhood, struggles with income or poverty, employment status, family and personal relationships, and living or work environment”.10

In Anxiety Disorders: Signs and Symptoms – Generalized Anxiety Disorder the NIMH explain:

“Generalized anxiety disorder symptoms include:

  • Feeling restless, wound-up, or on-edge
  • Being easily fatigued
  • Having difficulty concentrating; mind going blank
  • Being irritable
  • Having muscle tension
  • Difficulty controlling feelings of worry
  • Having sleep problems, such as difficulty falling or staying asleep, restlessness, or unsatisfying sleep”.11

Depression

Is there an association between depression and anxiety?

In Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD): Treatment Information the ADAA explain:

“Other anxiety disorders, depression, or substance abuse often accompany GAD, which rarely occurs alone; co-occurring conditions must also be treated with appropriate therapies”.12

Common or Not

How common is GAD?

In the United States (U.S.) according to the ADAA:

“GAD affects 6.8 million adults, or 3.1% of the U.S. population, in any given year. Women are twice as likely to be affected”.13

In the United Kingdom (UK) according to the (United Kingdom) NHS (National Health Service) in Generalised Anxiety Disorder In Adults. Overview – Who’s Affected?:

“GAD is a common condition, estimated to affect up to 5% of the UK population.

Slightly more women are affected than men, and the condition is more common in people from the ages of 35 to 59”.14

Management Strategies

What are anxiety management strategies?

In Anxiety Management Strategies: 10 Strategies To Try Beyondblue elaborate on each of these:

  1. “Slow breathing…
  2. Progressive muscle relaxation…
  3. Stay in the present moment…
  4. Healthy lifestyle…
  5. Take small acts of bravery…
  6. Challenge your self-talk…
  7. Plan worry time…
  8. Get to know your anxiety…
  9. Learn from others…
  10. Be kind to yourself…”.15

Treatment

What are treatments for anxiety?

In Treatments for Anxiety Beyondblue elaborate on:

“Effective treatment helps you learn how to control your anxiety so it doesn’t control you. The type of treatment will depend on the type of anxiety you’re experiencing.

For mild symptoms your health professional might suggest lifestyle changes, such as regular physical exercise and reducing your stress levels. You might also like to try online e-therapies, many of which are free, anonymous and easily accessible for anyone with internet access. Where symptoms of anxiety are moderate to severe, psychological and/or medical treatments are likely to be required”.16

Online Resources, Programs and Apps

Are online anxiety resources, programs and Apps available?

DotC (Depending on the Country) online anxiety resources, programs and apps may be available.

Your health care provider or local community health center may know of your country’s recommended online anxiety resources, programs and Apps similar to anxiety Online Resources and Programs by the (Australian) Jean Hailes for Women’s Health.

Menopausal Hormone Therapy

May menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) be beneficial in improving mood?

One of the points of consensus in the Revised Global Consensus Statement on Menopausal Hormone Therapy: Section A: Benefit/Risk Profile of MHT – endorsed by seven menopause-related organizations – published online 20 June 2016, is:

  • “MHT may be beneficial in improving mood in early postmenopausal women with depressive and/or anxiety symptoms. MHT may also be beneficial for perimenopausal women with major depression but antidepressant therapy remains first-line treatment in this setting”.17

Health Care Provider

What if I think I have anxiety or an anxiety disorder?

If you think you have anxiety or an anxiety disorder, it may be in your best interest to choose to talk to your health care provider about this. In Support From A Health Care Professional: Talking With Your GP or Local Doctor – Remember the JH explain:

“We are all different. The approaches that work best for each of us to manage our anxiety will differ. We may need to try a few different approaches to find one that helps us to manage anxiety. We can talk with our health professional about the approach we are using and whether an alternative may work better for us. There will be an approach that can help you”.18

Health Topics A-Z

Where may I find Health Topics related to Anxiety?

In Health Topics A-Z you may find:

Links

Where may I find Links related to Anxiety?

Your Country may have Links similar to:

Sources

Where may I find the Sources quoted?

You may find the Sources quoted at:

Sources

  1. Support From A Health Care Professional: Talking With Your GP or Local Doctor – Remember. Last Updated: 22 March 2020 | Last Reviewed: 29 February 2020. Jean Hailes for Women’s Health https://www.jeanhailes.org.au/health-a-z/mental-emotional-health/anxiety/ways-to-manage-anxiety/support-from-a-health-professional Accessed: 26 October 2020
  2. Anxiety. Jean Hailes for Women’s Health https://www.jeanhailes.org.au/health-a-z/mental-emotional-health/anxiety Accessed: 26 October 2020
  3. Anxiety: What Is Anxiety? Beyondblue https://www.beyondblue.org.au/the-facts/anxiety Accessed: 26 October 2020
  4. Anxiety Disorders: Overview. Last Revised: July 2018. National Institute of Mental Health https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/anxiety-disorders/index.shtml Accessed: 26 October 2020
  5. Anxiety: Types of Anxiety Disorder. This Page Was Last Updated on: 01/12/2018. Mental Health Foundation https://www.mentalhealth.org.uk/a-to-z/a/anxiety Accessed: 26 October 2020
  6. Anxiety: Signs and Symptoms. Beyondblue https://www.beyondblue.org.au/the-facts/anxiety/signs-and-symptoms Accessed: 26 October 2020
  7. Anxiety Disorders: Signs and Symptoms – Generalized Anxiety Disorder. Last Revised: July 2018. National Institute of Mental Health https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/generalized-anxiety-disorder-gad/index.shtml Accessed: 26 October 2020
  8. Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD): Understanding GAD. Anxiety and Depression Association of America https://www.adaa.org/understanding-anxiety/generalized-anxiety-disorder-gad Accessed: 26 October 2020
  9. Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD): Understanding GAD. Anxiety and Depression Association of America https://www.adaa.org/understanding-anxiety/generalized-anxiety-disorder-gad Accessed: 26 October 2020
  10. Anxiety: Causes. This Page Was Last Updated on: 01/12/2018. Mental Health Foundation https://www.mentalhealth.org.uk/a-to-z/a/anxiety Accessed: 26 October 2020
  11. Anxiety Disorders: Signs and Symptoms – Generalized Anxiety Disorders. Last Revised: July 2018. National Institute of Mental Health https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/anxiety-disorders/index.shtml?rf= Accessed: 26 October 2020
  12. Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD): Treatment Information. Anxiety and Depression Association of America https://adaa.org/understanding-anxiety/generalized-anxiety-disorder-gad/treatments Accessed: 26 October 2020
  13. Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD): Understanding GAD. Anxiety and Depression Association of America https://www.adaa.org/understanding-anxiety/generalized-anxiety-disorder-gad Accessed: 26 October 2020
  14. Generalised Anxiety Disorder In Adults. Overview – Who’s Affected? Page Last Reviewed: 19 December 2018. NHS (National Health Service) https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/generalised-anxiety-disorder/#who-is-affected Accessed: 26 October 2020
  15. Anxiety Management Strategies: 10 Strategies To Try. Beyondblue https://www.beyondblue.org.au/the-facts/anxiety/treatments-for-anxiety/anxiety-management-strategies Accessed: 26 October 2020
  16. Treatments for Anxiety. Beyondblue https://www.beyondblue.org.au/the-facts/anxiety/treatments-for-anxiety Accessed: 26 October 2020
  17. De Villiers, T. J., Hall, J. E., Pinkerton, J. V., Pérez, S. C., Rees, M., Yang, C. and Pierroz, D. D. Revised Global Consensus Statement on Menopausal Hormone Therapy: Section A: Benefit/Risk Profile of MHT. Climacteric, 2016;19:4:314 https://www.imsociety.org/manage/images/pdf/ba6379e868044bec13015ac2b84f2753.pdf Accessed: 26 October 2020
  18. Support From A Health Care Professional: Talking With Your GP or Local Doctor – Remember. Last Updated: 22 March 2020 | Last Reviewed: 29 February 2020. Jean Hailes for Women’s Health https://www.jeanhailes.org.au/health-a-z/mental-emotional-health/anxiety/ways-to-manage-anxiety/support-from-a-health-professional Accessed: 26 October 2020

Topic Last Updated: 31 October 2020 – Topic Last Reviewed: 26 October 2020
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