“Metabolic syndrome is the medical term for a combination of diabetes, high blood pressure (hypertension) and obesity”.1

Umbrella
What may the Metabolic Syndrome Umbrella include?

Depending on the Source (DotS) this Umbrella may include:

  • Insulin Resistance Syndrome
  • Metabolic Syndrome
  • Metabolic Syndrome X
  • Syndrome X

Definition

What is metabolic syndrome?

DotS the definition of metabolic syndrome may vary. The (United Kingdom) NHS’s (National Health Service) definition is:

“Metabolic syndrome is the medical term for a combination of diabetes, high blood pressure (hypertension) and obesity”.2

The (United States) National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute’s (NHLBI) definition is:

“Metabolic syndrome is the name for a group of risk factors that raises your risk for heart disease and other health problems, such as diabetes and stroke. The term “metabolic” refers to the biochemical processes involved in the body’s normal functioning. Risk factors are traits, conditions, or habits that increase your chance of developing a disease”.3

Risk Factors

What risk factors are required to be diagnosed with metabolic syndrome?

In Metabolic Syndrome: What Is – Metabolic Risk Factors the NHLBI elaborate on:

“The five conditions described below are metabolic risk factors. You can have any one of these risk factors by itself, but they tend to occur together. You must have at least three metabolic risk factors to be diagnosed with metabolic syndrome.

  • A large waistline…
  • A high triglyceride level (or you’re on medicine to treat high triglycerides)…
  • A low HDL cholesterol level (or you’re on medicine to treat low HDL cholesterol)…
  • High blood pressure (or you’re on medicine to treat high blood pressure)…
  • High fasting blood sugar (or you’re on medicine to treat high blood sugar)…”.4

Causes

What causes metabolic syndrome?

The American Heart Association (AHA) note:

“The underlying causes of metabolic syndrome include overweight and obesity, physical inactivity, genetic factors and getting older”.5

In Metabolic Syndrome: Causes the NHLBI elaborate on:

“Metabolic syndrome has several causes that act together. You can control some of the causes, such as overweight and obesity, an inactive lifestyle, and insulin resistance. You can’t control other factors that may play a role in causing metabolic syndrome, such as growing older. Your risk for metabolic syndrome increases with age. You also can’t control genetics (ethnicity and family history), which may play a role in causing the condition. For example, genetics can increase your risk for insulin resistance, which can lead to metabolic syndrome”.6

Common or Not

How common is metabolic syndrome?

In About Metabolic Syndrome: What Is Metabolic Syndrome? the AHA explain:

Metabolic Syndrome
“Metabolic syndrome is a serious health condition that affects about 23 percent of adults and places them at higher risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, stroke and diseases related to fatty buildups in artery walls”.7

In Metabolic Syndrome the NHS note:

“On their own, diabetes, high blood pressure and obesity can damage your blood vessels, but having all 3 together is particularly dangerous. They’re very common conditions that are linked, which explains why metabolic syndrome affects an estimated 1 in 3 older adults aged 50 or older in the UK”.8

Prevention

How can metabolic syndrome be prevented?

The AHA explain:

“Although metabolic syndrome is a serious condition, you can reduce your risks significantly by reducing your weight; increasing your physical activity; eating a heart-healthy diet that’s rich in whole grains, fruits, vegetables and fish; and working with your healthcare provider to monitor and manage blood glucose, blood cholesterol, and blood pressure”.9

In Metabolic Syndrome: What Is – Outlook the NHLBI note:

“It is possible to prevent or delay metabolic syndrome, mainly with lifestyle changes. A healthy lifestyle is a lifelong commitment. Successfully controlling metabolic syndrome requires long-term effort and teamwork with your health care providers”.10

Health Care Provider

What if I think I have risk factors for metabolic syndrome?

If you think you have risk factors for metabolic syndrome, it may be in your best interest to choose to talk to your health care provider about this.

In Metabolic Syndrome: How Is Metabolic Syndrome Treated? the (United States) Hormone Health Network explain:

“If you think you have risk factors for metabolic syndrome, talk with your doctor. Your doctor can run blood tests and measure your waist circumference to see if you have metabolic syndrome, and determine the best treatment option for you”.11

In Metabolic Syndrome: Symptoms & Causes – Symptoms: When To See A Doctor the (United States) Mayo Clinic also note:

“If you know you have at least one component of metabolic syndrome, ask your doctor whether you need testing for other components of the syndrome”.12

Health Topics A-Z

Where may I find Health Topics related to Metabolic Syndrome?

In Health Topics A-Z you may find:

Links

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Sources

Where may I find the Sources quoted?

You may find the Sources quoted at:

Sources

  1. Metabolic Syndrome. Page Last Reviewed: 03 December 2019. NHS (National Health Service) https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/metabolic-syndrome/ Accessed: 29 February 2020
  2. Metabolic Syndrome. Page Last Reviewed: 03 December 2019. NHS (National Health Service) https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/metabolic-syndrome/ Accessed: 29 February 2020
  3. Metabolic Syndrome: What Is. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health-topics/metabolic-syndrome Accessed: 29 February 2020
  4. Metabolic Syndrome: What Is – Metabolic Risk Factors. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health-topics/metabolic-syndrome Accessed: 29 February 2020
  5. About Metabolic Syndrome: What Is Metabolic Syndrome? Last Reviewed July 2016. American Heart Association https://www.heart.org/en/health-topics/metabolic-syndrome/about-metabolic-syndrome Accessed: 29 February 2020
  6. Metabolic Syndrome: Causes. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health-topics/metabolic-syndrome Accessed: 29 February 2020
  7. About Metabolic Syndrome: What Is Metabolic Syndrome? Last Reviewed July 2016. American Heart Association https://www.heart.org/en/health-topics/metabolic-syndrome/about-metabolic-syndrome Accessed: 29 February 2020
  8. Metabolic Syndrome. Page Last Reviewed: 03 December 2019. NHS (National Health Service) https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/metabolic-syndrome/ Accessed: 29 February 2020
  9. About Metabolic Syndrome: What Are the Risk Factors? Last Reviewed July 2016. American Heart Association https://www.heart.org/en/health-topics/metabolic-syndrome/about-metabolic-syndrome Accessed: 29 February 2020
  10. Metabolic Syndrome: What Is – Outlook. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health-topics/metabolic-syndrome Accessed: 29 February 2020
  11. Metabolic Syndrome: How Is Metabolic Syndrome Treated? Last Updated: October 2017. Hormone Health Network https://www.hormone.org/diseases-and-conditions/obesity-and-weight-management/metabolic-syndrome Accessed: 29 February 2020
  12. Metabolic Syndrome: Symptoms & Causes – Symptoms: When To See A Doctor. 14 March 2019. Mayo Clinic https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/metabolic-syndrome/symptoms-causes/syc-20351916 Accessed: 29 February 2020
Topic Last Updated: 29 February 2020 – Topic Last Reviewed: 29 February 2020
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