“Having diabetes means you are more likely to develop heart disease. People with diabetes are also more likely to have certain risk factors, such as high blood pressure…”.1

Umbrella
What may the Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease Umbrella include?

Depending on the Source (DotS) this Umbrella may include:

  • Cardiovascular Conditions/Disorders
  • Cardiovascular Disease (CVD
  • Diabetes
  • Diseases/Disorders of the Heart and Blood Vessels
  • Diseases/Disorders of the Heart and Circulatory System
  • Heart and Circulatory Disease
  • Stroke

Cardiovascular Disease

What are cardiovascular disease (CVD)?

DotS the definition of CVD may vary. The British Heart Foundation’s definition is:

“Cardiovascular disease (CVD), also called heart and circulatory disease, is an umbrella name for conditions that affect your heart or circulation. These include high blood pressure, stroke and vascular dementia”.2

Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease

Is there an association between diabetes and CVD?

Yes. In Diabetes and Heart Disease the (United Kingdom) Diabetes UK explain:

“When you have diabetes, you’re more at risk of heart disease. This is also called cardiovascular disease (CVD) or coronary disease, and can lead to heart attacks and strokes.

Cardiovascular disease affects your circulation too. And poor circulation makes other diabetes complications worse – like problems with your eyes and feet”.3

In Cardiovascular Disease and Diabetes the American Heart Association elaborate on:

“The American Heart Association considers diabetes one of the seven major controllable risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD).

In fact, people living with Type 2 diabetes are two times more likely to develop and die from cardiovascular disease, such as heart attacks, strokes and heart failure, than people who don’t have diabetes”.4

In Diabetes, Heart Disease & Stroke the (United States) National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute note:

“Having diabetes means you are more likely to develop heart disease. People with diabetes are also more likely to have certain risk factors, such as high blood pressure or high cholesterol, that increase their chances of having a heart attack or a stroke”.5

Prevention

For people with diabetes, what may help prevent CVD?

In Diabetes and Heart Disease: Reducing Your Risk of Heart Attack or Heart Disease Diabetes UK elaborate on:

“The good news is, you can reduce your risk of having a heart attack or developing heart disease.

Here’s how:

  • Get your HbA1c, blood pressure and blood cholesterol (blood fats) measured at least once a year as part of your annual diabetes review…
  • Don’t smoke…
  • Eat a healthy, balanced diet to protect your heart…
  • Be physically active and do some regular exercise
  • If you are living with obesity or overweight, get support to help you lose some weight…
  • Take your medication as prescribed…”.6

Know Your Numbers

What numbers should we all know to keep our heart healthy?

In What Is Cardiovascular Disease? Know Your Numbers the World Heart Federation explain on:

“Knowing your numbers is an important part of keeping your heart healthy. Checking your blood pressure, cholesterol levels and blood sugar levels on a regular basis is important to help determine and control your risk of developing cardiovascular disease

  • Know your blood pressure…
  • Know your cholesterol…
  • Know your blood sugar: High blood sugar, or hyperglycemia, is a common problem for people with diabetes. Higher blood sugar levels increase your risk of heart attacks and strokes, so it’s important to know your numbers and take any necessary precautions to control your blood sugar”.7

Health Care Provider

What if I have diabetes and think I am at risk for CVD?

If you have diabetes and think you are at risk for CVD, it may be in your best interest to choose to talk to your health care provider about this. Together you can discuss your options and if required, agree on who may be the most appropriate health care provider to help you.

Health Topics A-Z

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Links

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Sources

Where may I find the Sources quoted?

You may find the Sources quoted at:

Sources

  1. Women and CVD – Facts and Tips: Risk Factors – Diabetes. 22 May 2017. World Heart Federation https://www.world-heart-federation.org/resources/women-cvd-facts-tips/ Accessed: 28 June 2021
  2. Cardiovascular Heart Disease. Page Last Reviewed: October 2019. British Heart Foundation https://www.bhf.org.uk/informationsupport/conditions/cardiovascular-heart-disease Accessed: 28 June 2021
  3. Heart Disease and Diabetes. Diabetes UK https://www.diabetes.org.uk/Guide-to-diabetes/Complications/Cardiovascular_disease/ Accessed: 28 June 2021
  4. Cardiovascular Disease and Diabetes. Last Reviewed: 04 May 2021. American Heart Association https://www.heart.org/en/health-topics/diabetes/diabetes-complications-and-risks/cardiovascular-disease–diabetes Accessed: 28 June 2021
  5. Diabetes, Heart Disease, & Stroke. Last Reviewed: 21 April 2021. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/diabetes/overview/preventing-problems/heart-disease-stroke Accessed: 28 June 2021
  6. Diabetes and Heart Disease: Reducing Your Risk of Heart Attack or Heart Disease. Diabetes UK https://www.diabetes.org.uk/Guide-to-diabetes/Complications/Cardiovascular_disease#reduce Accessed: 28 June 2021
  7. What Is Cardiovascular Disease? Know Your Numbers. World Heart Federation https://world-heart-federation.org/what-is-cvd/ Accessed: 28 June 2021

Topic Last Updated: 28 June 2021 – Topic Last Reviewed: 28 June 2021
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