“Diabetes affects more than 70 million women in the world. Women with diabetes are at much greater risk of heart disease, including heart attack and stroke”.1

Umbrella
What may the Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease Umbrella include?

Depending on the Source (DotS) this Umbrella may include:

  • Cardiovascular Conditions/Disorders
  • Cardiovascular Disease (CVD
  • Diabetes
  • Diseases/Disorders of the Heart and Blood Vessels
  • Diseases/Disorders of the Heart and Circulatory System
  • Heart and Circulatory Disease
  • Stroke

Cardiovascular Diseases

What are cardiovascular diseases (CVDs)?

DotS the definition of CVD may vary. The World Health Organization’s definition is:

“CVDs are a group of disorders of the heart and blood vessels and include coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, rheumatic heart disease and other conditions”.2

Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease

Is there an association between diabetes and CVD?

Yes. In Diabetes and Heart Disease the (United Kingdom) Diabetes UK explain:

“When you have diabetes, you’re more at risk of heart disease. This is also called cardiovascular disease (CVD) or coronary disease, and can lead to heart attacks and strokes. Cardiovascular disease affects your circulation too. And poor circulation makes other diabetes complications worse – like problems with your eyes and feet”.3

In Cardiovascular Disease and Diabetes the American Heart Association elaborate on:

“The following statistics speak loud and clear that there is a strong correlation between cardiovascular disease (CVD) and diabetes.

  • At least 68 percent of people age 65 or older with diabetes die from some form of heart disease; and 16% die of stroke
  • Adults with diabetes are two to four times more likely to have heart disease or a stroke than adults without diabetes
  • The American Heart Association considers diabetes to be one of the seven major controllable risk factors for cardiovascular disease”.4

Risk

What is the association between diabetes and CVD risk?

In Diabetes, Heart Disease, and Stroke the (United States) National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) elaborate on:

“Having diabetes means that you are more likely to develop heart disease and have a greater chance of a heart attack or a stroke. People with diabetes are also more likely to have certain conditions, or risk factors, that increase the chances of having heart disease or stroke, such as high blood pressure or high cholesterol”.5

Diabetes and Heart Disease

In women, what is the association between diabetes and heart disease risk?

In Woman and CVD – Facts and Tips: Risk Factors – Diabetes the World Heart Federation (WHF) note:

Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease
“Diabetes affects more than 70 million women in the world. Women with diabetes are at much greater risk of heart disease, including heart attack and stroke”.6

Prevention

For people with diabetes, what may help prevent CVD?

In Diabetes and Heart Disease: Reducing Your Risk of Heart Complications Diabetes UK elaborate on:

“The good news is, you can reduce your risk of having a heart attack or developing heart disease. Here’s how:
  • Get your HbA1c, blood pressure and blood cholesterol (blood fats) measured at least once a year as part of your annual diabetes review…
  • Don’t smoke…
  • Eat a healthy, balanced diet to protect your heart…
  • Be physically active and do some regular exercise
  • If you’re overweight, try to get down to a healthy weight…
  • Take your medication as prescribed…”.7

Physical Activity

Is there an association between physical activity and diabetes and CVD?

In Risk Factors: Cardiovascular Risk Factors – Modifiable Risk Factors: Physical Inactivity and Cardiovascular Disease – Physical Activity and Diabetes the WHF explain:

“If you develop diabetes you are at greater risk of developing cardiovascular disease. Physical activity is known to reduce the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. This is particularly true if you are at high risk of diabetes. If you do have diabetes, keeping physically active will better protect your heart. One study showed that walking at least two hours a week reduced the incidence of premature death from cardiovascular disease by about 50%. In people with diabetes exercise is thought to improve blood glucose control, which reduces the negative impact of diabetes on vascular health”.8

Health Care Provider

What if I have diabetes and think I am at risk for CVD?

If you have diabetes and think you are at risk for CVD, it may be in your best interest to choose to talk to your health care provider about this. Together you can discuss your options and if required, agree on who may be the most appropriate health care provider to help you.

Health Topics A-Z

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Links

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Sources

Where may I find the Sources quoted above?

You may find the Sources at:

Sources

  1. Women and CVD – Facts and Tips: Risk Factors – Diabetes. 22 May 2017. World Heart Federation https://www.world-heart-federation.org/resources/women-cvd-facts-tips/ Accessed: 29 February 2020
  2. Cardiovascular Diseases. World Health Organization https://www.who.int/health-topics/cardiovascular-diseases#tab=tab_1 Accessed: 29 February 2020
  3. Heart Disease and Diabetes. Diabetes UK https://www.diabetes.org.uk/Guide-to-diabetes/Complications/Cardiovascular_disease/ Accessed: 29 February 2020
  4. Cardiovascular Disease and Diabetes. Last Reviewed: August 2015. American Heart Association https://www.heart.org/en/health-topics/diabetes/why-diabetes-matters/cardiovascular-disease–diabetes#.Wr2QMjoh2po Accessed: 29 February 2020
  5. Diabetes, Heart Disease, and Stroke. February 2017. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/diabetes/overview/preventing-problems/heart-disease-stroke Accessed: 29 February 2020
  6. Women and CVD – Facts and Tips: Risk Factors – Diabetes. 22 May 2017. World Heart Federation https://www.world-heart-federation.org/resources/women-cvd-facts-tips/ Accessed: 29 February 2020
  7. Diabetes and Heart Disease: Reducing Your Risk of Heart Complications. Diabetes UK https://www.diabetes.org.uk/Guide-to-diabetes/Complications/Cardiovascular_disease#reduce Accessed: 29 February 2020
  8. Risk Factors: Cardiovascular Risk Factors – Modifiable Risk Factors: Physical Inactivity and Cardiovascular Disease – Physical Activity and Diabetes. 30 May 2017. World Heart Federation https://www.world-heart-federation.org/resources/risk-factors/ Accessed: 29 February 2020
Topic Last Updated: 29 February 2020 – Topic Last Reviewed: 29 February 2020
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