“Therapies to prevent a first or recurrent stroke are based
on treating an individual’s underlying risk factors for stroke,
such as hypertension, atrial fibrillation, and diabetes”.1

Umbrella
What may the Stroke Prevention Umbrella include?

Depending on the Source (DotS) this Umbrella may include:

  • Stroke Prevention
  • Stroke Risk
  • Stroke Risk Factor Management

Women and Stroke

In women, how common is stroke?

In Women and Stroke the American Stroke Association (ASA) note:

“Stroke is the No. 3 cause of death in women and kills more women than men. In fact, one in five women will have a stroke”.2

Stroke Prevention

Can stroke be prevented?

In Stroke Information Page: What Research Is Being Done? Treatment the (United States) National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) explain:

“Therapies to prevent a first or recurrent stroke are based on treating an individual’s underlying risk factors for stroke, such as hypertension, atrial fibrillation, and diabetes”.3

Risk

What is the risk of having a stroke?

In Are You At Risk of Stroke? the (United Kingdom) Stroke Association explain:

“A stroke can happen to anyone, but there are some things that increase your risk of a stroke. It’s important to know what the risk factors are, and do what you can to reduce your risk”.4

Risk Factors

What are stroke risk factors?

In Stroke: Causes and Risk Factors – What Are Risk Factors? the (United States) National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI) elaborate on:

“There are many risk factors for stroke. You can treat or control some of your risk factors, such as high blood pressure and smoking. But you cannot control others such as your age or sudden changes in your health—for example, if you have an aneurysm.

The major risk factors for stroke include:

  • High Blood Pressure
  • Diabetes
  • Heart and Blood Vessel Diseases…
  • High LDL Cholesterol Levels
  • Smoking
  • Brain aneurysms or arteriovenous malformations (AVMs)…
  • Viral infections or conditions that cause inflammation…
  • Age…
  • Sex…
  • Race and Ethnicity…
  • Family History and Genetics…

Other risk factors for stroke—some of which you can control—include:

  • Anxiety, depression, and high stress levels…
  • Living or working in areas with air pollution
  • Other medical conditions…
  • Blood-thinners or other medicines that can lead to bleeding
  • Other unhealthy lifestyle habits…
  • Overweight and obesity…”.5

Women

In women, what are unique risk factors for stroke?

In Stroke: Women and Stroke – What Puts Women At Risk for Stroke? the (United States) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention note:

Stroke Prevention

“Women also have unique risk factors for stroke, including:

  • Having high blood pressure during pregnancy
  • Using certain types of birth control medicines, especially if they also smoke. About 1 in 9 women smoke
  • Having higher rates of depression”.6

PreventionStroke Prevention

How may a stroke be prevented?

In Risk Factors Under Your Control the ASA elaborate on:

  • “High Blood Pressure…
  • Smoking…
  • Diabetes…
  • Diet…
  • Physical Inactivity…
  • Obesity…
  • High Blood Cholesterol…
  • Carotid Artery Disease…
  • Peripheral Artery Disease…
  • Atrial Fibrillation…
  • Other Heart Disease…
  • Sickle Cell Disease (Sickle Cell Anemia)…”.7

High Blood Pressure

What is the association between high blood pressure (HBP) and stroke?

In Risk Factors Under Your Control: High Blood Pressure the ASA note:

“High blood pressure, or hypertension, is a leading cause of stroke and the most significant controllable risk factor. Know your numbers and keep them low. Manage HBP”.8

WISEWOMAN Program

What is the (United States) WISEWOMAN program?

In WISEWOMAN the (United States) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) elaborate on:

“The WISEWOMAN (Well-Integrated Screening and Evaluation for WOMen Across the Nation) program was created to help women understand and reduce their risk for heart disease and stroke by providing services to promote lasting heart-healthy lifestyles. Working with low-income, uninsured and underinsured women aged 40 to 64 years, the program provides heart disease and stroke risk factor screenings and services that promote healthy behaviors”.9

WISEWOMAN Program Services

What services does the WISEWOMAN program provide?

In WISEWOMAN: WISEWOMAN Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs): What Services Does the WISEWOMAN Program Fund? the CDC explain:

“The WISEWOMAN program funds heart disease and stroke risk factor screenings that include blood pressure, diabetes, body mass index (BMI), and cholesterol screenings. Services are provided in local health departments, doctors’ offices, and community health centers”.10

Health Care Provider

What if I think I am at risk of stroke or I have a family history of cardiovascular disease (CVD)?

If you think you are at risk of stroke or you have a family history of CVD, it may be in your best interest to choose to talk to your health care provider about this.

On page seven in Prevention of Diseases After Menopause: Cardiovascular Diseases the authors note:

“Screening for CVD at regular intervals after menopause is extremely important. This includes measurement of blood pressure, lipids and perhaps inflammatory markers, BMI, and ascertainment of lifestyle factors such as activity level and smoking status. In addition, a family history of heart disease and stroke is important”.11

Health Topics A-Z

Where may I find Health Topics related to Stroke Prevention?

In Health Topics A-Z you may find:

Links

Where may I find Links related to Stroke Prevention?

Your Country may have Links similar to:

Sources

Where may I find the Sources quoted?

You may find the Sources quoted at:

Sources

  1. Stroke Information Page: What Research Is Being Done? Treatment. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke https://www.ninds.nih.gov/health-information/disorders/stroke Accessed: 28 October 2022
  2. Women and Stroke. American Stroke Association https://www.stroke.org/en/about-stroke/stroke-risk-factors/women-have-a-higher-risk-of-stroke Accessed: 28 October 2022
  3. Stroke Information Page: What Research Is Being Done? Treatment. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke https://www.ninds.nih.gov/health-information/disorders/stroke Accessed: 28 October 2022
  4. Are You At Risk of Stroke? Stroke Association https://www.stroke.org.uk/what-stroke/are-you-risk-stroke Accessed: 28 October 2022
  5. Stroke: Causes and Risk Factors – What Are Risk Factors? Last Updated on 24 March 2022. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/stroke/causes Accessed: 28 October 2022
  6. Stroke: Women and Stroke – What Puts Women At Risk for Stroke? Page Last Reviewed: 28 June 2022. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention https://www.cdc.gov/stroke/women.htm Accessed: 28 October 2022
  7. Risk Factors Under Your Control. Last Reviewed: 17 June 2021. American Stroke Association https://www.stroke.org/en/about-stroke/stroke-risk-factors/risk-factors-under-your-control Accessed: 28 October 2022
  8. Risk Factors Under Your Control: High Blood Pressure. Last Reviewed: 17 June 2021. American Stroke Association https://www.stroke.org/en/about-stroke/stroke-risk-factors/risk-factors-under-your-control Accessed: 28 October 2022
  9. WISEWOMAN. Page Last Reviewed: 10 February 2020. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention https://www.cdc.gov/wisewoman/index.htm Accessed: 28 October 2022
  10. WISEWOMAN: WISEWOMAN Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) – What Services Does the WISEWOMAN Program Fund? Page Last Reviewed: 09 December 2021. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention https://www.cdc.gov/wisewoman/faqs.htm Accessed: 28 October 2022
  11. Lobo, R. A., Davis, S. R., De Villiers, T. J., Gompel, A., Henderson, V. W., Hodis, H. N., Lumsden, M. A., Mack, W. J., Shapiro, S. and Baber, R. J. Prevention of Diseases After Menopause: Cardiovascular Diseases. 2014:7 https://www.imsociety.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/wmd-2014-white-pages-english.pdf Accessed: 28 October 2022
Topic Last Updated: 28 October 2022 – Topic Last Reviewed: 28 October 2022

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