“A stroke can happen to anyone but there are some things that increase your risk of a stroke. It’s important to know what the risk factors are and do what you can…”.1

Umbrella
What may the Stroke Prevention Umbrella include?

Depending on the Source (DotS) this Umbrella may include:

  • Stroke Prevention
  • Stroke Risk
  • Stroke Risk Factor Management

Women and StrokeStroke PreventionStroke Prevention

In women, how common is stroke?

In Women Have A Higher Risk of Stroke the American Stroke Association (ASA) note:

“Stroke is no friend to women. It kills more women than men and women have more strokes than men.

In fact, one in five women has a stroke”.2

Prevention

Can stroke be prevented?

In Stroke Information Page: What Research Is Being Done? Treatment the (United States) National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) explain:

“Therapies to prevent a first or recurrent stroke are based on treating an individual’s underlying risk factors for stroke, such as hypertension, atrial fibrillation, and diabetes”.3

Risk

What is the risk of having a stroke?

In Are You At Risk of Stroke? the (United Kingdom) Stroke Association explain:

“A stroke can happen to anyone but there are some things that increase your risk of a stroke. It’s important to know what the risk factors are and do what you can to reduce your risk”.4

Risk Factors

What are stroke risk factors?

In Stroke: Risk Factors the (United States) National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI) elaborate on:

“There are many risk factors for stroke. You can treat or control some of your risk factors, such as high blood pressure and smoking. But you cannot control others such as your age or sudden changes in your health—for example, if you have an aneurysm.

The major risk factors for stroke include:

  • High Blood Pressure
  • Diabetes
  • Heart and Blood Vessel Diseases…
  • High LDL Cholesterol Levels
  • Smoking
  • Brain aneurysms or arteriovenous malformations (AVMs)…
  • Infections or conditions that cause inflammation…
  • Age
  • Sex
  • Race and Ethnicity
  • Family History and Genetics

Other risk factors for stroke—some of which you can control—include:

  • Anxiety, depression, and high stress levels…
  • Living or working in areas with air pollution…
  • Other medical conditions…
  • Blood-thinners or other medicines…
  • Other unhealthy lifestyle habits…
  • Overweight and Obesity…”.5

Women

In women, what are unique risk factors for stroke?

In Women Have A Higher Risk of Stroke the ASA elaborate on:

Stroke Prevention

“The higher risk in women may be due to:

  • Pregnancy…
  • Preeclampsia…
  • Birth Control Pills…
  • Hormone Replacement Therapy – This type of therapy should never be used to prevent stroke in post-menopausal women
  • Migraines with Aura…
  • Atrial Fibrillation…”.6

Prevention

How may a stroke be prevented?

In Stroke Risk Factors You Can Control, Treat and Improve the ASA elaborate on:

  • “High Blood Pressure…
  • Smoking…
  • Diabetes…
  • Diet…
  • Physical Inactivity…
  • Obesity…
  • High Blood Cholesterol…
  • Carotid Artery Disease…
  • Peripheral Artery Disease…
  • Atrial Fibrillation…
  • Other Heart Disease…
  • Sickle Cell Disease (Sickle Cell Anemia)…”.7

High Blood Pressure

What is the association between high blood pressure and stroke?

In Stroke Risk Factors You Can Control, Treat and Improve the ASA also note:

“High blood pressure, or hypertension, is a leading cause of stroke and the most significant controllable risk factor. So know your numbers and keep them low”.8

WISEWOMAN Program

What is the (United States) WISEWOMAN program?

In WISEWOMAN the (United States) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) elaborate on:

“The WISEWOMAN (Well-Integrated Screening and Evaluation for WOMen Across the Nation) program was created to help women understand and reduce their risk for heart disease and stroke by providing services to promote lasting heart-healthy lifestyles. Working with low-income, uninsured and underinsured women aged 40 to 64 years, the program provides heart disease and stroke risk factor screenings and services that promote healthy behaviors”.9

WISEWOMAN Program Services

What services does the WISEWOMAN program provide?

In WISEWOMAN: WISEWOMAN Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs): What Services Does the WISEWOMAN Program Fund? the CDC explain:

“The WISEWOMAN program funds heart disease and stroke risk factor screenings that include blood pressure, diabetes, body mass index (BMI), and cholesterol screenings. Services are provided in local health departments, doctors’ offices, and community health centers”.10

Health Care Provider

What if I think I am at risk of stroke or I have a family history of cardiovascular disease (CVD)?

If you think you are at risk of stroke or you have a family history of CVD, it may be in your best interest to choose to talk to your health care provider about this.

On page seven in Prevention of Diseases After Menopause: Cardiovascular Diseases the authors note:

“Screening for CVD at regular intervals after menopause is extremely important. This includes measurement of blood pressure, lipids and perhaps inflammatory markers, BMI, and ascertainment of lifestyle factors such as activity level and smoking status. In addition, a family history of heart disease and stroke is important”.11

Health Topics A-Z

Where may I find Health Topics related to Stroke Prevention?

In Health Topics A-Z you may find:

Links

Where may I find Links related to Stroke Prevention?

Your Country may have Links similar to:

Sources

Where may I find the Sources quoted?

You may find the Sources quoted at:

Sources

  1. Are You At Risk of Stroke? Stroke Association https://www.stroke.org.uk/what-stroke/are-you-risk-stroke Accessed: 23 August 2020
  2. Women Have A Higher Risk of Stroke. Last Reviewed: 05 December 2018. American Stroke Association https://www.stroke.org/en/about-stroke/stroke-risk-factors/women-have-a-higher-risk-of-stroke Accessed: 23 August 2020
  3. Stroke Information Page: What Research Is Being Done? Treatment. 27 March 2019. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke https://www.ninds.nih.gov/Disorders/All-Disorders/Stroke-Information-Page Accessed: 23 August 2020
  4. Are You At Risk of Stroke? Stroke Association https://www.stroke.org.uk/what-stroke/are-you-risk-stroke Accessed: 23 August 2020
  5. Stroke: Risk Factors. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health-topics/stroke#Risk-Factors Accessed: 23 August 2020
  6. Women Have A Higher Risk of Stroke. Last Reviewed: 05 December 2018. American Stroke Association https://www.stroke.org/en/about-stroke/stroke-risk-factors/women-have-a-higher-risk-of-stroke Accessed: 23 August 2020
  7. Stroke Risk Factors You Can Control, Treat and Improve. Last Reviewed: 10 October 2019. American Stroke Association https://www.strokeassociation.org/en/about-stroke/stroke-risk-factors/stroke-risk-factors-you-can-control-treat-and-improve Accessed: 23 August 2020
  8. Stroke Risk Factors You Can Control, Treat and Improve: High Blood Pressure. Last Reviewed: 10 October 2019. American Stroke Association https://www.strokeassociation.org/en/about-stroke/stroke-risk-factors/stroke-risk-factors-you-can-control-treat-and-improve Accessed: 23 August 2020
  9. WISEWOMAN. Page Last Reviewed: 10 February 2020. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention https://www.cdc.gov/wisewoman/index.htm Accessed: 23 August 2020
  10. WISEWOMAN: WISEWOMAN Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) – What Services Does the WISEWOMAN Program Fund? Page Last Reviewed: 02 October 2019. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention https://www.cdc.gov/wisewoman/faqs.htm Accessed: 23 August 2020
  11. Lobo, R. A., Davis, S. R., De Villiers, T. J., Gompel, A., Henderson, V. W., Hodis, H. N., Lumsden, M. A., Mack, W. J., Shapiro, S. and Baber, R. J. Prevention of Diseases After Menopause: Cardiovascular Diseases. 2014:7 https://www.imsociety.org/downloads/world_menopause_day_2014/white_paper/wmd_white_paper_english.pdf Accessed: 23 August 2020

Topic Last Updated: 23 August 2020 – Topic Last Reviewed: 23 August 2020
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