“Menopause-related hot flashes usually follow a consistent pattern unique to each woman, but the pattern differs greatly from woman to woman”.1

Umbrella
What may the Hot Flushes Pattern Umbrella include?

Depending on the Source (DotS) this Umbrella may include:

  • Hot Flashes/Flushes Pattern

Four Common Patterns

Are there four common hot flush patterns?

In Certain Characteristics Predispose Women To Different Hot Flush and Night Sweat Patterns the Australasian Menopause Society explain:

“Most women will get hot flushes or night sweats at some point in life. However, when these symptoms occur and how long they last can vary dramatically among women. New findings show that women fit into four distinct groups when it comes to getting hot flushes and night sweats, with potential ramifications for therapy and prevention of future health conditions, according to the research led by the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health”.2

Unique Pattern

Do hot flushes follow a consistent pattern, unique to each woman?

Yes. In Menopause FAQs: Hot Flashes – Q. What are hot flashes? What causes them to happen? the North American Menopause Society explain:

“A. …Menopause-related hot flashes usually follow a consistent pattern unique to each woman, but the pattern differs greatly from woman to woman”.3

Daily Pattern

Can hot flushes have a daily pattern?

In Who Gets Hot Flashes and When? the (United States) Breastcancer.org elaborate on:

“The most common time of onset is between six and eight in the morning, and between six to ten at night”.4

Look for A PatternHot Flushes Pattern

How can women Look for A Pattern with their hot flushes?

In Avoiding Hot Flash Triggers Breastcancer.org explain:

“If you can identify your hot flash triggers, you’ve taken the first step in getting the upper hand. Keep a record of when they occur and what you were eating or doing, or how you were feeling at the time. Many women find that stress tops the charts as a trigger. Was that hot flash during your work presentation a random hit, or were you feeling under pressure at the time? Was it a full day of pressure without a break?”5

The International Menopause Society also note:

“They often start for no apparent reason, but they may also be provoked by such factors as embarrassment, coffee, alcohol, temperature change, and so on”.6

In Menopause: Non-Hormonal Treatment & Relief for Hot Flashes: Knowing the Triggers of Hot Flashes the (United States) Cleveland Clinic note:

“Hot flashes may be precipitated by hot weather, smoking, caffeine, spicy foods, alcohol, tight clothing, heat and stress. Identify and avoid your hot flash “triggers.” Some women notice hot flashes when they eat a lot of sugar. Exercising in warm temperatures might make hot flashes worse”.7

In Menopause: Hot Flushes – Causes of Hot Flashes the (United Kingdom) NHS (National Health Service) explain:

“They can happen without warning throughout the day and night, but can also be triggered by:

  • Eating spicy foods
  • Caffeine and alcohol
  • Smoking
  • Wearing thick clothing
  • A high temperature
  • Feeling stressed or anxious
  • Treatment for certain types of cancer (this can affect both men and women)
  • Certain medicines
  • Some health conditions, such as an overactive thyroid, diabetes and tuberculosis”.8

Caffeine Pattern

Is there an association between caffeine and hot flushes?

In Caffeine and Menopause Symptoms: Is There A Link? the author elaborates on:

“If you regularly consume caffeine and you’re troubled by hot flashes, it might be worth trying to cut back on or eliminate caffeine from your diet to see if that eases your symptoms”.9

Triggers

How may I look for triggers?

In Managing Menopause: Don’t Let Symptoms of Menopause Reduce Your Quality of Life: Hot Flushes/Night Sweats – What You Can Do the (Australian) Jean Hailes for Women’s Health (JH) note:

  • “Reduce common triggers such as caffeine, alcohol, stress, anxiety and spicy foods
  • Carry a hand-held fan to cool your face, or a small water spray to spritz your face
  • Check medications aren’t causing the hot flushes – common culprits include some antidepressants, sleeping pills, steroids and codeine
  • Hypnotherapy, cognitive behavioural therapy and mindfulness therapy have all been shown to help reduce flushing and sweating”.10

Health Care Provider

What if I would like help to look for a pattern with my hot flushes?

If you would like help to look for a pattern with your hot flushes, it may be in your best interest to choose to talk to your health care provider about this. Together you can identify any patterns, discuss your options and if required, agree on who may be the most appropriate health care provider to help you.

In Managing Menopause: Don’t Let Symptoms of Menopause Reduce Your Quality of Life: Hot Flushes/Night Sweats – What You Can Do the JH explain:

  • “See your GP to rule out other causes. These may include hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid), high blood pressure, infections and some cancers”.11

Who is a GP?

DotS and/or DotC (Depending on the Country) a GP may be a qualified and registered general practitioner, a medical practitioner, a medical doctor or a doctor.

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Sources

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Sources

  1. Menopause FAQs: Hot Flashes – Q. What are hot flashes? North American Menopause Society http://www.menopause.org/for-women/menopause-faqs-hot-flashes Accessed: 01 July 2019
  2. Certain Characteristics Predispose Women To Different Hot Flush and Night Sweat Patterns. Content Updated 26 July 2016. Australasian Menopause Society https://www.menopause.org.au/hp/studies-published/240-certain-characteristics-predispose-women-to-different-hot-flush-and-night-sweat-patterns Accessed: 01 July 2019
  3. Menopause FAQs: Hot Flashes – Q. What are hot flashes? North American Menopause Society http://www.menopause.org/for-women/menopause-faqs-hot-flashes Accessed: 01 July 2019
  4. Who Gets Hot Flashes and When? Modified on 29 March 2016. Breastcancer.org http://www.breastcancer.org/tips/menopausal/treat/hot-flashes/who Accessed: 01 July 2019
  5. Avoiding Hot Flash Triggers. Last Modified on 01 September  2017. Breastcancer.org http://www.breastcancer.org/tips/menopausal/treat/hot-flashes/managing/triggers Accessed: 01 July 2019
  6. Hot Flushes and Night Sweats – Background Information: What Triggers Them? October 2011:1. International Menopause Society http://www.imsociety.org/downloads/world_menopause_day_2011/wmd_media_backgrounder.pdf Accessed: 01 July 2019
  7. Menopause: Non-Hormonal Treatment & Relief for Hot Flashes: Knowing the Triggers of Hot Flashes. This Document Was Last Reviewed on: 16 January 2017. Cleveland Clinic https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/articles/15223-menopause-non-hormonal-treatment–relief-for-hot-flashes Accessed: 01 July 2019
  8. Hot Flushes: Menopause – Causes of Hot Flushes. Page Last Reviewed: 29 August 2018. NHS (National Health Service) https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/menopause/hot-flushes/#causes-of-hot-flushes Accessed: 01 July 2019
  9. Caffeine and Menopause Symptoms: Is There A Link? 08 November 2017. Mayo Clinic https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/menopause/expert-answers/menopause-symptoms-caffeine/faq-20119077 Accessed: 01 July 2019
  10. Managing Menopause: Don’t Let Symptoms of Menopause Reduce Your Quality of Life: Hot Flushes/Night Sweats – What You Can Do. 02 October 2017. Jean Hailes for Women’s Health https://jeanhailes.org.au/news/managing-menopause-dont-let-symptoms-of-menopause-reduce-your-quality-of-life Assessed: 01 July 2019
  11. Managing Menopause: Don’t Let Symptoms of Menopause Reduce Your Quality of Life: Hot Flushes/Night Sweats – What You Can Do. 02 October 2017. Jean Hailes for Women’s Health https://jeanhailes.org.au/news/managing-menopause-dont-let-symptoms-of-menopause-reduce-your-quality-of-life Assessed: 01 July 2019
Topic Last Updated: 01 July 2019 – Topic Last Reviewed: 01 July 2019
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