“The term “heart disease” refers to several types of heart conditions. The most common type of heart disease in the United States is coronary artery disease (CAD)…”.1

Umbrella
What may the Heart Disease Umbrella include?

Depending on the Source (DotS) this Umbrella may include:

  • Cardiac Diseases
  • Cardiovascular Disease (CVD
  • Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)
  • Coronary Heart Disease (CHD)
  • Heart Conditions
  • Heart Disease/s
  • Ischaemic/Ischemic Heart Disease

Terminology

Can heart disease mean different things to different people?

I think the term heart disease can be like the terms diet, love and menopause and mean different things, to different people, at different times, in different places.

When I use the term heart disease what I mean may be different to what someone else means or what is meant in medicaltalk.

It can therefore be important when the term heart disease is used, to be clear about what is meant, so we may work out whether we are on the same page meaning the same thing, or not.

In Keep Your Heart Healthy – The Basics: What Is Heart Disease? What Is Heart Disease? the (United States) Healthfinder.gov explain:

“When people talk about heart disease, they are usually talking about coronary heart disease (CHD). It’s also called coronary artery disease (CAD). This is the most common type of heart disease”.2

Heart Disease

What is heart disease?

DotS the definition of heart disease may vary. The (United States) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s definition is:

“The term “heart disease” refers to several types of heart conditions. The most common type of heart disease in the United States is coronary artery disease (CAD), which affects the blood flow to the heart. Decreased blood flow can cause a heart attack”.3

Coronary Heart Disease

What is coronary heart disease (CHD)?

DotS the definition of CHD may vary. In Coronary Heart Disease the British Heart Foundation’s (BHF) definition is:

“Coronary heart disease (CHD) is when your coronary arteries become narrowed by a build-up of fatty material within their walls. These arteries supply your heart muscle with oxygen-rich blood. CHD is sometimes called ischaemic heart disease”.4

Types

What are different types of heart disease?

DotS different types of heart disease may include:

  • Aneurysm
  • Angina
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Atrial Fibrillation
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Cerebral Vascular Disease
  • Congenital Heart Disease
  • Coronary Artery Disease
  • Coronary Heart Disease
  • Heart Attack
  • Heart Failure
  • High Blood Pressure
  • Hypertension
  • Myocardial Infarction
  • Pericardial Disease
  • Peripheral Vascular Disease
  • Rheumatic Disease
  • Sudden Death

Cause

What may cause heart disease?

In Coronary Heart Disease: Causes the (United States) National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute’s (NHLBI) explain:

“There are three main types of coronary heart disease: obstructive coronary artery disease, nonobstructive coronary artery disease, and coronary microvascular disease. Coronary artery disease affects the large arteries on the surface of the heart. Many people have both obstructive and nonobstructive forms of this disease. Coronary microvascular disease affects the tiny arteries in the heart muscle.

The cause depends on the type of coronary heart disease. The condition may also have more than one cause, including plaque buildup or problems that affect how the heart’s blood vessels work”.5

Menopause

Is there an association between menopause and heart disease?

Yes. In Menopause and Heart Disease the BHF note:

Heart Disease“Before the menopause, women in general have a lower risk of being affected by coronary heart disease. But after the menopause, your risk increases”.6

Number One Killer

Is heart disease the number one killer of women?

Yes. In Heart Disease the the Office on Women’s Health, United States Department of Health and Human Services, Womenshealth.gov explain:

“Heart disease is the number one killer of women in the United States. Some of the symptoms and risk factors for heart disease and heart attack are different for women than men. Your risk may also be different from other women. But every woman can take steps to prevent heart disease by knowing her risk factors and making healthy changes”.7

Know Your Numbers

What numbers do I need to know for a healthy heart?

In Know Your Numbers? They Could Just Save Your Life – Start By Knowing Your Numbers, Go Red for Women elaborate on:

“Talk to your healthcare provider today to learn about your Blood Pressure, Cholesterol, Blood Sugar and BMI (Body Mass Index).

Your heart depends on it”.8

Health Care Provider

What if I think I have heart disease or I have a family history of heart disease?

If you think you have heart disease or you have a family history of heart disease, it may be in your best interest to choose to talk to your health care provider about this.

In Coronary Heart Disease: Screening and Prevention – Screening Tests and Results the NHLBI explain:

“To screen for coronary heart disease, your doctor will:

  • Assess risk factors to help evaluate your risk of developing coronary heart disease
  • Check blood pressure readings to see whether you have high blood pressure
  • Calculate your body mass index and waist circumference to see whether you have an unhealthy weight
  • Order blood tests to see whether you have high blood cholesterol, high blood triglycerides, or diabetes

Screening usually occurs in a doctor’s office, but sometimes screenings are done at health fairs, drugstores, or other places. Blood samples might be collected at your doctor’s office, a hospital, or a laboratory.

Ask your doctor or nurse whether you need to fast (not eat or drink anything besides water) before the blood tests”.9

Health Topics A-Z

Where may I find Health Topics related to Heart Disease?

In Health Topics A-Z you may find:

Links

Where may I find Links related to Heart Disease?

Your Country may have Links similar to:

Sources

Where may I find the Sources quoted above?

You may find the Sources quoted at:

Sources

  1. Heart Disease: About Heart Disease. Page Last Reviewed: 20 March 2020. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention https://www.cdc.gov/heartdisease/about.htm Accessed: 17 August 2020
  2. Keep Your Heart Healthy – The Basics: What Is Heart Disease? What Is Heart Disease? Content Last Updated on: 22 January 2020. Healthfinder.gov https://health.gov/myhealthfinder/topics/health-conditions/heart-health/keep-your-heart-healthy#panel-2 Accessed: 17 August 2020
  3. Heart Disease: About Heart Disease. Page Last Reviewed: 20 March 2020. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention https://www.cdc.gov/heartdisease/about.htm Accessed: 17 August 2020
  4. Coronary Heart Disease. Page Last Reviewed: October 2019. British Heart Foundation https://www.bhf.org.uk/informationsupport/conditions/coronary-heart-disease Accessed: 17 August 2020
  5. Coronary Heart Disease: Causes. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health-topics/coronary-heart-disease Accessed: 17 August 2020
  6. Menopause and Cardiovascular Disease. British Heart Foundation https://www.bhf.org.uk/heart-health/living-with-a-heart-condition/menopause Accessed: 17 August 2020
  7. Heart Disease. Medical Review In 2015. Page Last Updated: 14 March 2019. Office on Women’s Health, United States Department of Health and Human Services, Womenshealth.gov https://www.womenshealth.gov/heart-disease-and-stroke/heart-disease Accessed: 17 August 2020
  8. Know Your Numbers? They Could Just Save Your Life – Start By Knowing Your Numbers. Go Red for Women https://www.goredforwomen.org/en/know-your-risk/know-your-numbers Accessed: 17 August 2020
  9. Coronary Heart Disease: Screening and Prevention – Screening Tests and Results. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health-topics/coronary-heart-disease Accessed: 17 August 2020

Topic Last Updated: 25 October 2020 – Topic Last Reviewed: 17 August 2020
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