“Although women often think of heart attack as something that usually affects men, heart disease is the number one killer of women in the United States”.1

Umbrella
What may the Heart Attack Umbrella include?

Depending on the Source (DotS) this Umbrella may include:

  • Acute Coronary Syndrome
  • Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI)
  • Coronary Occlusion
  • Coronary Thrombosis
  • Heart Attack
  • Myocardial Infarction (MI)

Definition

What is a heart attack?

DotS the definition of a heart attack may vary. The (United States) National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute’s (NHLBI) definition is:

“A heart attack happens when the flow of oxygen-rich blood to a section of heart muscle suddenly becomes blocked and the heart can’t get oxygen. If blood flow isn’t restored quickly, the section of heart muscle begins to die”.2

Heart Attack or Cardiac Arrest

Is a heart attack the same as a cardiac arrest?

No. In Heart Attack or Sudden Cardiac Arrest: How Are They Different? the American Heart Association (AHA) explain:

“People often use these terms interchangeably, but they are not synonyms. A heart attack is when blood flow to the heart is blocked, and sudden cardiac arrest is when the heart malfunctions and suddenly stops beating unexpectedly. A heart attack is a “circulation” problem and sudden cardiac arrest is an “electrical” problem”.3

Cause

What causes a heart attack?

In Heart Attack: What Causes A Heart Attack? the British Heart Foundation (BHF) explain:

“Most heart attacks are caused by coronary heart disease (CHD)”.4

Women or Not

Heart AttackHeart AttackIn women, how common is a heart attack?

In Make the Call. Don’t Miss A Beat. Heart Attack Information for Women the United States campaign note:

“Although women often think of heart attack as something that usually affects men, heart disease is the number one killer of women in the United States. Every 100 seconds, a woman in the United States has a heart attack”.5

Minutes Matter

Do minutes matter?

Yes. The Make the Call. Don’t Miss A Beat. Heart Attack Information for Women campaign explains:

“The good news is that if you get help quickly, treatment can save your life and prevent permanent damage to your heart muscle. Treatment works best if given within one hour of when heart attack symptoms begin”.6

The BHF also emphasize:

“A heart attack is a medical emergency and you should call for an ambulance immediately”.7

Minutes Matter Because

Why do minutes matter?

The Make the Call. Don’t Miss A Beat. Heart Attack Information for Women campaign point out:

“Women having a heart attack wait longer before seeking help than men do — one reason women tend to do worse after a heart attack than men”.8

Make the Call. Don’t Miss A Beat

What is the (United States) Make the Call. Don’t Miss A Beat. campaign?

In Make the Call. Don’t Miss A Beat. the campaign elaborates on:

“The Make the Call. Don’t Miss a Beat. The Make the Call. campaign from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ Office on Women’s Health empowers women and their families to learn the seven most common signs of a heart attack and to call” an ambulance “as soon as symptoms arise”.9

Risk Reduction

How can I reduce my risk of having a heart attack?

In Heart Attack: How Can I Reduce My Risk of Having Heart Attack? the BHF explain:

“The good news is there are many things you can do to be healthier and reduce your risk:

  • Eat healthily
  • Be physically active
  • Keep to a healthy weight and lose weight if necessary
  • Don’t smoke
  • Cut down on alcohol
  • Control high blood pressure
  • Control cholesterol levels
  • Control blood sugar levels (if you have diabetes)”.10

Health Care Provider

What if I think I am at risk for a heart attack?

If you think you are at risk for a heart attack, it may be in your best interest to choose to talk to your health care provider about this.

Health Topics A-Z

Where may I find Health Topics related to Heart Attack?

In Health Topics A-Z you may find:

Links

Where may I find Links related to Heart Attack?

Your Country may have Links similar to:

Sources

Where may I find the Sources quoted?

You may find the Sources quoted at:

Sources

  1. Make the Call. Don’t Miss A Beat. Heart Attack Information for Women. Page Last Updated: 02 March 2018. Office on Women’s Health, United States Department of Health and Human Services Womenshealth.gov https://www.womenshealth.gov/heartattack/facts.html Accessed: 22 May 2020
  2. Heart Attack: What Is. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health-topics/heart-attack Accessed: 22 May 2020
  3. Heart Attack or Sudden Cardiac Arrest: How Are They Different? Last Reviewed: 31 July 2015. American Heart Association https://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/HeartAttack/AboutHeartAttacks/Heart-Attack-or-Sudden-Cardiac-Arrest-How-Are-They-Different_UCM_440804_Article.jsp#.WgatDHZx2pp Accessed: 22 May 2020
  4. Heart Attack: What Causes A Heart Attack? British Heart Foundation https://www.bhf.org.uk/informationsupport/conditions/heart-attack Accessed: 22 May 2020
  5. Make the Call. Don’t Miss A Beat. Heart Attack Information for Women. Page Last Updated: 02 March 2018. Office on Women’s Health, United States Department of Health and Human Services Womenshealth.gov https://www.womenshealth.gov/heartattack/facts.html Accessed: 22 May 2020
  6. Make the Call. Don’t Miss A Beat. Heart Attack Information for Women. Page Last Updated: 02 March 2018. Office on Women’s Health, United States Department of Health and Human Services Womenshealth.gov https://www.womenshealth.gov/heartattack/facts.html Accessed: 22 May 2020
  7. Heart Attack. British Heart Foundation https://www.bhf.org.uk/heart-health/conditions/heart-attack.aspx Accessed: 22 May 2020
  8. Make the Call. Don’t Miss A Beat. Heart Attack Information for Women. Page Last Updated 02 March 2018. Office on Women’s Health, United States Department of Health and Human Services Womenshealth.gov https://www.womenshealth.gov/heartattack/facts.html Accessed: 22 May 2020
  9. Make the Call. Don’t Miss A Beat. Know the Symptoms. Page Last Updated: 30 January 2019. Office on Women’s Health, United States Department of Health and Human Services Womenshealth.gov https://www.womenshealth.gov/heartattack/facts.html Accessed: 22 May 2020
  10. Heart Attack: Can I Reduce My Risk of Having Heart Attack? British Heart Foundation https://www.bhf.org.uk/heart-health/conditions/heart-attack.aspx Accessed: 22 May 2020
Topic Last Updated: 22 May 2020 – Topic Last Reviewed: 22 May 2020
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