“Endometriosis affects an estimated 1 in 10 women during their reproductive years (ie. usually between the ages of 15 to 49), which is approximately 176 million women…”.1

Umbrella
What may the Endometriosis Umbrella include?

Depending on the Source (DotS) this Umbrella may include:

  • Endo
  • Endometriosis

Endometriosis

What is endometriosis?

DotS the definition of endometriosis may vary. The (Australian) Jean Hailes for Women’s Health (JH) definition is:

“Endometriosis, pronounced end-o-me-tree-oh-sis (or just endo), is a progressive, chronic condition where cells similar to those that line the uterus (the endometrium) are found in other parts of the body. It most commonly occurs in the pelvis and can affect a woman’s reproductive organs”.2

The World Endometriosis Society; and the World Endometriosis Research Foundation’s definition is:

“Endometriosis is a condition in which tissue similar to the lining inside the uterus (called “the endometrium”), is found outside the uterus, where it induces a chronic inflammatory reaction that may result in scar tissue. It is primarily found on the pelvic peritoneum, on the ovaries, in the recto-vaginal septum, on the bladder, and bowel. In very rare cases it has been found on the diaphragm and in the lungs”.3

Cause

What causes endometriosis?

In Facts About Endometriosis the World Endometriosis Society; and the World Endometriosis Research Foundation elaborate on:

“There is no known cause of endometriosis but it is highly likely that certain genes predispose women to develop the disease. Thus, women have a higher risk of developing endometriosis if their mother and/or sister(s) are also affected. It is possible that age when the menstrual period starts, other gynaecologic factors, and environmental exposures influence whether a woman is affected. Whereas evidence has been weak with regards to exposure to dioxin (an environmental pollutant) some evidence now supports exacerbation of its symptoms due to PCBs”.4

Common or Not

How common is endometriosis?

According to the World Endometriosis Society; and the World Endometriosis Research Foundation:

“Endometriosis affects an estimated 1 in 10 women during their reproductive years (ie. usually between the ages of 15 to 49), which is approximately 176 million women in the world”.5

In Endometriosis 2011 statistics quoted by the Office on Women’s Health, United States Department of Health and Human Services, Womenshealth.gov are:

“It may affect more than 11% of American women between 15 and 44”.6

In Endometriosis Facts and Figures “the latest facts and figures about endometriosis” quoted by Endometriosis UK (United Kingdom) dated 2009, include:

  • “1 in 10 women of reproductive age in the UK suffer from endometriosis”.7

Diagnosis

How is endometriosis diagnosed?

In Endometriosis Treatment and Support: How Can Endometriosis Be Diagnosed? the (United States) Endometriosis Foundation elaborate on:

“There are a number of diagnostic tools that physicians use that may raise suspicion of endometriosis, but the only definitive method of diagnosis is through minimally invasive laparoscopic surgery and biopsy of affected tissue. If you suspect you have endometriosis, ask your physician about these different diagnostic tools (see below). Don’t be afraid to get a second opinion if you feel that you need more information about endometriosis diagnosis”.8

Look for A PatternEndometriosis

If I think I have endometriosis how may I look for a pattern?

In Endometriosis: Diagnosis – Information Your Doctor Will Need the JH elaborate on:

“If you think you have endometriosis, keeping a diary of your symptoms is a good way to help your doctor or gynaecologist find out what is wrong. Your doctor may ask questions as part of the diagnosis, so having all the information ready will help. The types of questions you might need to answer are listed below.

  • Periods….
  • Period Pain…
  • Other Pain…
  • Other Symptoms…”.9

Management

What may endometriosis management include?

In About Endometriosis: Symptoms of Endometriosis the Endometriosis.org elaborate on:

“For many women, management of this disease may be a long-term process. Therefore, it is important to educate yourself, take the time to find a good doctor, and consider joining a local support group”.10

Menopause

Is there an association between menopause and endometriosis?

In Endometriosis: Does Endometriosis Go Away After Menopause? Womenshealth.gov explain:

Endometriosis After Menopause

“For some women, the painful symptoms of endometriosis improve after menopause. As the body stops making the hormone estrogen, the growths shrink slowly. However, some women who take menopausal hormone therapy may still have symptoms of endometriosis.

If you are having symptoms of endometriosis after menopause, talk to your doctor about treatment options”.11

In Endometriosis: Symptoms & Causes – Symptoms During Menopause the JH explain:

“Usually, endometriosis does go away after menopause. Uncommonly, it can return with the use of menopausal hormone therapy, or MHT (formerly called hormone replacement therapy, or HRT), especially if there is no progestogen component. Even more rarely, it can return for no reason without any hormonal treatment”.12

Health Care Provider

What if I think I have endometriosis?

If you think you have endometriosis, it may be in your best interest to choose to talk to your health care provider about this.

In Endometriosis: Diagnosis the JH elaborate on:

“If you think you have endometriosis, see your health care practitioner who can refer you to a specialist gynaecologist. It is important not to delay seeing your doctor, as early diagnosis and treatment can reduce the severity of the disease.

It is also important to know that many women do not get a correct diagnosis for seven to 10 years because the symptoms can vary between women and can change over time. Diagnosis can also be delayed by period pain often being considered as normal by both the community and health professionals”.13

Health Topics A-Z

Where may I find Health Topics related to Endometriosis?

In Health Topics A-Z you may find:

Links

Where may I find Links related to Endometriosis?

Your Country may have Links similar to:

Sources

Where may I find the Sources quoted?

You may find the Sources quoted at:

Sources

  1. Facts About Endometriosis. September 2015. World Endometriosis Society; and World Endometriosis Research Foundation https://endometriosisfoundation.org/Facts-about-endometriosis.pdf Accessed: 23 May 2021
  2. Endometriosis: Symptoms & Causes. Last Updated: 02 March 2021 | Last Reviewed: 15 May 2019. Jean Hailes for Women’s Health https://jeanhailes.org.au/health-a-z/endometriosis/symptoms-causes Accessed: 23 May 2021
  3. Facts About Endometriosis. September 2015. World Endometriosis Society; and World Endometriosis Research Foundation https://endometriosisfoundation.org/Facts-about-endometriosis.pdf Accessed: 23 May 2021
  4. Facts About Endometriosis. September 2015. World Endometriosis Society; and World Endometriosis Research Foundation https://endometriosisfoundation.org/Facts-about-endometriosis.pdf Accessed: 23 May 2021
  5. Facts About Endometriosis. September 2015. World Endometriosis Society; and World Endometriosis Research Foundation https://endometriosisfoundation.org/Facts-about-endometriosis.pdf Accessed: 23 May 2021
  6. Endometriosis. Page Last Updated: 01 April 2019. Office on Women’s Health, United States Department of Health and Human Services, Womenshealth.gov https://www.womenshealth.gov/a-z-topics/endometriosis Accessed: 23 May 2021
  7. Endometriosis Facts and Figures. Endometriosis UK http://endometriosis-uk.org/endometriosis-facts-and-figures Accessed: 23 May 2021
  8. Endometriosis Treatment and Support: How Can Endometriosis Be Diagnosed? Endometriosis Foundation https://www.endofound.org/endometriosis-treatment-support Accessed: 23 May 2021
  9. Endometriosis: Diagnosis – Information Your Doctor Will Need. Last Updated: 28 September 2020 | Last Reviewed: 15 May 2019. Jean Hailes for Women’s Health https://jeanhailes.org.au/health-a-z/endometriosis/diagnosis Accessed: 23 May 2021
  10. About Endometriosis: Symptoms of Endometriosis. Endometriosis.org https://endometriosis.org/endometriosis/ Accessed: 23 May 2021
  11. Endometriosis: Does Endometriosis Go Away After Menopause? Page Last Updated: 01 April 2019. Office on Women’s Health, United States Department of Health and Human Services, Womenshealth.gov https://www.womenshealth.gov/a-z-topics/endometriosis Accessed: 23 May 2021
  12. Endometriosis: Symptoms & Causes – Symptoms During Menopause. Last Updated: 02 March 2021 | Last Reviewed: 15 May 2019. Jean Hailes for Women’s Health https://jeanhailes.org.au/health-a-z/endometriosis/symptoms-causes Accessed: 23 May 2021
  13. Endometriosis: Diagnosis. Last Updated: 28 September 2020 | Last Reviewed: 15 May 2019. Jean Hailes for Women’s Health https://jeanhailes.org.au/health-a-z/endometriosis/diagnosis Accessed: 23 May 2021

Topic Last Updated: 25 May 2021 – Topic Last Reviewed: 23 May 2021
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