“Surgical menopause
is the removal
of both ovaries”.1

Umbrella

What may the Surgical Menopause Umbrella include?

Depending on the Source (DotS) this Umbrella may include:

  • Menopause Due To Surgery
  • Surgical Menopause
  • Surgically Induced Menopause

Definition

What is surgical menopause?

DotS the definition of surgical menopause may vary. In The 2023 Practitioner’s Toolkit for Managing Menopause: Definitions, published online 30 October 2023, the definition is:

  • “Surgical menopause is the removal of both ovaries”.2

The (United Kingdom) Target Ovarian Cancer’s definition is:

“If you go into a menopause because your ovaries have been removed by surgery, it’s known as a surgically induced menopause”.3

Menopause Symptoms

Are menopause symptoms due to surgery the same as for natural menopause?

In What Causes Menopause? Menopause Due To Surgery – Managing Menopause After Surgery the (Australian) Jean Hailes for Women’s Health (JH) explain:

Surgical Menopause“If your menopause is caused by surgery, your oestrogen and testosterone hormones will suddenly drop, causing symptoms to be more severe than normal”.4

In Surgical Menopause: Key Points the AMS elaborate on:

“Negative effects include a sudden and severe onset of menopausal symptoms, increased risk of osteoporosis and cardiovascular disease, sexual dysfunction and loss of fertility”.5

Osteoporosis and Cardiovascular Disease

After surgical menopause, can the risk of osteoporosis and of cardiovascular disease, increase?

The JH note:

“If you are under 45 years of age when you experience surgical menopause, the drop in oestrogen levels can increase your risk of osteoporosis. It can also increase the risk of early development of cardiovascular disease (e.g. heart disease)”.6

Reactions

Are reactions to surgical menopause one-size-fits-all?

In What Causes Menopause? Menopause Due To Surgery – Reactions To Menopause After Surgery the JH explain:

“After surgery you may feel different emotions, depending on the reason for your surgery and what’s happening in your life.

After surgery, some women say they feel free from pain and more sexual, while others feel less sexually attractive.

Your experience may also be influenced by factors such as your age, whether you are in a relationship, your family plans and whether you have good supports”.7

Health Care Provider

What if I have not bounced back after surgical menopause?

If you have not bounced back after surgical menopause, it may be in your best interest to choose to talk to your health care provider about this. The JH explain:

“It’s important to talk to someone if you feel very emotional, anxious or depressed after surgical menopause. Your doctor can help with symptom relief and refer you to a psychologist if needed”.8

Health Topics A-Z

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Links

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Sources

Where may I find the Sources quoted?

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Sources

  1. Davis, S. R., Taylor, S., Hemachandra, C., Magraith, K., Ebeling, P. R., Jane, F., and Islam, R. M. The 2023 Practitioner’s Toolkit for Managing Menopause: Definitions. First Published Online: 30 October 2023 https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13697137.2023.2258783 Accessed: 14 June 2024
  2. Davis, S. R., Taylor, S., Hemachandra, C., Magraith, K., Ebeling, P. R., Jane, F., and Islam, R. M. The 2023 Practitioner’s Toolkit for Managing Menopause: Definitions. First Published Online: 30 October 2023 https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13697137.2023.2258783 Accessed: 14 June 2024
  3. Surgical Menopause. Last Reviewed: January 2022. Target Ovarian Cancer https://targetovariancancer.org.uk/about-ovarian-cancer/your-situation/im-younger-woman-diagnosis/surgical-menopause Accessed: 14 June 2024
  4. What Causes Menopause? Menopause Due To Surgery – Managing Menopause After Surgery. Last Updated: 19 January 2024 | Last Reviewed: 19 August 2022. Jean Hailes for Women’s Health https://www.jeanhailes.org.au/health-a-z/menopause/causes-of-menopause#menopause-due-to-surgery Accessed: 14 June 2024
  5. Surgical Menopause: Key Points. Content Created: January 2017. Australasian Menopause Society https://www.menopause.org.au/hp/information-sheets/756-surgical-menopause Accessed: 14 June 2024
  6. What Causes Menopause? Menopause Due To Surgery – Menopause After Surgery. Last Updated: 19 January 2024 | Last Reviewed: 19 August 2022. Jean Hailes for Women’s Health https://www.jeanhailes.org.au/health-a-z/menopause/causes-of-menopause#menopause-due-to-surgery Accessed: 14 June 2024
  7. What Causes Menopause? Menopause Due To Surgery – Reactions To Menopause After Surgery. Last Updated: 19 January 2024 | Last Reviewed: 19 August 2022. Jean Hailes for Women’s Health https://www.jeanhailes.org.au/health-a-z/menopause/causes-of-menopause#menopause-due-to-surgery Accessed: 14 June 2024
  8. What Causes Menopause? Menopause Due To Surgery – Reactions To Menopause After Surgery. Last Updated: 19 January 2024 | Last Reviewed: 19 August 2022. Jean Hailes for Women’s Health https://www.jeanhailes.org.au/health-a-z/menopause/causes-of-menopause#menopause-due-to-surgery Accessed: 14 June 2024
Topic Last Updated: 01 July 2024 – Topic Last Reviewed: 14 June 2024

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