“Like any medicine, the hormones used in hormone replacement therapy (HRT) can cause side effects”.1

Umbrella
What may the Hormone Therapy Side Effects Umbrella include?

Depending on the Source (DotS) this Umbrella may include:

  • Estrogen
  • Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) Side Effects
  • Hormone Therapy (HT) Side Effects
  • Menopausal Hormone Therapy (MHT) Side Effects
  • Oestrogen
  • Progestin/Progestogen

Side Effects or Not

Can hormone therapy (HT) have side effects?

Yes. In Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT): Side Effects the (United Kingdom) NHS (National Health Service) elaborate on:

“Like any medicine, the hormones used in hormone replacement therapy (HRT) can cause side effects. Any side effects usually improve over time, so it’s a good idea to persevere with treatment for at least 3 months if possible. Speak to a GP if you have severe side effects or they continue for longer than 3 months”.2

Who is a GP?

DotS and/or DotC (Depending on the Country) a GP may be a qualified and registered general practitioner, a medical practitioner, a medical doctor or a doctor.

Different Differences

Can the main side effects associated with taking oestrogen be different from the main side effects associated with taking progestogen?

Hormone Therapy Side EffectsHormone Therapy Side EffectsYes. In Menopause: Medicines To Help You the (United States) Food and Drug Administration include side effects.

In Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT): Side Effects the NHS include “the main side effects of taking oestrogen” and “the main side effects of taking progestogen”.

Side Effects

What are some HT side effects?

In Menopause FAQs: Hormone Therapy for Menopause Symptoms – Q. Are there any side effects from hormone therapy? the North American Menopause Society (NAMS) explain:

“A. Sometimes women have side effects from hormone therapy. If any of these symptoms occurs, discuss them with a healthcare provider:

  • Uterine bleeding
  • Nausea
  • Breast tenderness or pain
  • Abdominal bloating
  • Fluid retention in arms or legs
  • Blurry vision
  • Headaches
  • Dizziness
  • Mood change”.3

Breakthrough Bleeding

Is there an association between breakthrough bleeding and HT?

In Menopause Management: Menopausal Hormone Therapy (MHT) – Possible Side Effects of MHT: Break Through Bleeding the (Australian) Jean Hailes for Women’s Health (JH) note:

  • “Some women experience vaginal bleeding in the first six months after starting MHT. In most cases this can be helped by changing the dose or type of MHT”.4

In Bleeding – Perimenopausal, Postmenopausal and Breakthrough Bleeding on MHT/HRT the Australasian Menopause Society explain some different types of Bleeding In A Women Taking MHT.

In Menopause Management: Menopausal Hormone Therapy (MHT) – Possible Side Effects of MHT: Breakthrough Bleeding the JH also note:

  • “Persistent, unexplained, unscheduled vaginal bleeding should be investigated”.5

Weight Gain

Is there an association between weight gain and HT?

In Menopause Management: Menopausal Hormone Therapy (MHT) – Possible Side Effects of MHT: Weight Gain the JH explain:

  • “Most studies do not show a link between weight gain and use of MHT
  • In several studies, women who used MHT had less weight gain than those who did not use MHT
  • Women are prone to weight gain around the stomach in midlife (40s–50s); MHT may reduce this”.6

In Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT): Side Effects – Weight Gain and HRT the NHS note:

“Many women believe that taking HRT will make them put on weight, but there’s no evidence to support this claim. You may gain some weight during the menopause, but this often happens regardless of whether you take HRT. Exercising regularly and eating a healthy diet should help you to lose any unwanted weight”.7

Temporary or Not

Are HT side effects temporary?

In Menopause FAQs: Hormone Therapy for Menopause Symptoms – Q. Are there any side effects from hormone therapy? the NAMS note:

“Many side effects are temporary, so unless they are severe or include bleeding, give hormone therapy 3 months to see whether the discomfort resolves. Lowering the dose or switching to another type of estrogen or progestogen may help reduce side effects”.8

Health Care Provider

What if I need help with my HT side effects?

If you need help with your HT side effects, it may be in your best interest to choose to talk to your health care provider about this.

In Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT): Side Effects the NHS explain:

“Any side effects usually improve over time, so it’s a good idea to persevere with treatment for at least 3 months if possible”.9

In Menopause Management: Menopausal Hormone Therapy (MHT): How Long Do You Take MHT? the JH elaborate on:

“Dosages and methods of administration vary according to each woman’s needs and responses to MHT. Changes may be needed before a satisfactory method and dose is found for each woman, and such changes should be made under the close supervision of your doctor. It can sometimes take up to six months to find the right combination. As a general rule when using MHT in midlife:

  • Start low
  • Go slow
  • Review often”.10

In Menopause Management: Menopausal Hormone Therapy (MHT): Should You Take MHT? the JH include:

  • “Jean Hailes recommends each woman discusses her decision about taking MHT with her doctor regularly and whenever there are any concerns”.11

Health Topics A-Z

Where may I find Health Topics related to Hormone Therapy Side Effects?

In Health Topics A-Z you may find:

Links

Where may I find Links related to Hormone Therapy Side Effects?

Your Country may have Links similar to:

Sources

Where may I find the Sources quoted?

You may find the Sources quoted at:

Sources

  1. Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT): Side Effects. Page Last Reviewed: 09 September 2019. NHS (National Health Service) https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/hormone-replacement-therapy-hrt/side-effects/ Accessed: 11 May 2020
  2. Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT): Side Effects. Page Last Reviewed: 09 September 2019. NHS (National Health Service) https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/hormone-replacement-therapy-hrt/side-effects/ Accessed: 11 May 2020
  3. Menopause FAQs: Hormone Therapy for Menopause Symptoms – Q. Are there any side effects from hormone therapy? North American Menopause Society https://www.menopause.org/for-women/menopause-faqs-hormone-therapy-for-menopause-symptoms Accessed: 11 May 2020
  4. Menopause Management: Menopausal Hormone Therapy (MHT) – Possible Side Effects of MHT: Break Through Bleeding. Last Updated:  07 April 2020 | Last Reviewed: 17 December 2017. Jean Hailes for Women’s Health https://jeanhailes.org.au/health-a-z/menopause/menopause-management Accessed: 11 May 2020
  5. Menopause Management: Menopausal Hormone Therapy (MHT) – Possible Side Effects of MHT: Break Through Bleeding. Last Updated:  07 April 2020 | Last Reviewed: 17 December 2017. Jean Hailes for Women’s Health https://jeanhailes.org.au/health-a-z/menopause/menopause-management Accessed: 11 May 2020
  6. Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT): Side Effects – Weight Gain and HRT. Page Last Reviewed: 09 September 2019. NHS (National Health Service) https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/hormone-replacement-therapy-hrt/side-effects/#weight-gain-and-hrt Accessed: 11 May 2020
  7. Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT): Side Effects – Weight Gain and HRT. Page Last Reviewed: 09 September 2019. NHS (National Health Service) https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/hormone-replacement-therapy-hrt/side-effects/ Accessed: 11 May 2020
  8. Menopause FAQs: Hormone Therapy for Menopause Symptoms – Q. Are there any side effects from hormone therapy? North American Menopause Society https://www.menopause.org/for-women/menopause-faqs-hormone-therapy-for-menopause-symptoms Accessed: 11 May 2020
  9. Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT): Side Effects. Page Last Reviewed: 09 September 2019. NHS (National Health Service) https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/hormone-replacement-therapy-hrt/side-effects/#weight-gain-and-hrt Accessed: 11 May 2020
  10. Menopause Management: Menopausal Hormone Therapy (MHT) – How Long Do You Take MHT? Last Updated:  07 April 2020 | Last Reviewed: 17 December 2017. Jean Hailes for Women’s Health https://jeanhailes.org.au/health-a-z/menopause/menopause-management Accessed: 11 May 2020
  11. Menopause Management: Menopausal Hormone Therapy (MHT) – Should You Take MHT? Last Updated: 07 April 2020 | Last Reviewed: 17 December 2017. Jean Hailes for Women’s Health https://jeanhailes.org.au/health-a-z/menopause/menopause-management Accessed: 11 May 2020
Topic Last Updated: 11 May 2020 – Topic Last Reviewed: 11 May 2020
image_pdf