“Women in their 60s are more than TWICE AS LIKELY to develop Alzheimer’s disease over the rest of their lives as they are to develop breast cancer”.1

Umbrella
What may the Alzheimer’s Disease Umbrella include?

Depending on the Source (DotS) this Umbrella may include:

  • Alzheimer’s
  • Alzheimer’s Disease (AD)
  • Dementia

Alzheimer’s Disease

What is Alzheimer’s disease?

DotS the definition of Alzheimer’s disease may vary. The (United States) National Institute on Aging’s (NIA) definition is:

“Alzheimer’s disease is an irreversible, progressive brain disorder that slowly destroys memory and thinking skills and, eventually, the ability to carry out the simplest tasks”.2

Dementia

What is the association between dementia and Alzheimer’s disease?

Alzheimer’s Disease International explain:

“Alzheimer’s disease is the most common cause of dementia and accounts for 50%-75% of all cases. It destroys brain cells and nerves disrupting the transmitters which carry messages in the brain, particularly those responsible for storing memories”.3

In Basics of Alzheimer’s Disease and Dementia: Frequently Asked Questions About Alzheimer’s Disease – What Is the Difference Between Alzheimer’s Disease and Dementia? the NIA answer this and more questions:

“Alzheimer’s disease is a type of dementia. Dementia is a loss of thinking, remembering, and reasoning skills that interferes with a person’s daily life and activities. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common cause of dementia among older people. Other types of dementia include frontotemporal disorders and Lewy body dementia”.4

Early Signs and Symptoms

What are early signs and symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease?

In 10 Early Signs and Symptoms of Alzheimer’s the (United States) Alzheimer’s Association elaborate on:

  1. “Memory loss that disrupts daily life…
  2. Challenges in planning or solving problems…
  3. Difficulty completing familiar tasks…
  4. Confusion with time or place…
  5. Trouble understanding visual images and spatial relationships…
  6. New problems with words in speaking or writing…
  7. Misplacing things and losing the ability to retrace steps…
  8. Decreased or poor judgement…
  9. Withdrawal from work or social activities…
  10. Changes in mood and personality…”.5

Common or Not

How common is Alzheimer’s disease?

In the United States according to the NIA:

“Estimates vary, but experts suggest that more than 5 million Americans may have Alzheimer’s. Unless the disease can be effectively treated or prevented, the number of people with it will increase significantly if current population trends continue. This is because increasing age is the most important known risk factor for Alzheimer’s disease”.6

In the United Kingdom (UK) according to Alzheimer’s Research UK on page 5 in the booklet What Is Alzheimer’s Disease?:

“Alzheimer’s is the most common form of dementia, affecting around 500,000 people in the UK”.7

Women and Alzheimer’s Disease

In women, how common is Alzheimer’s disease?

In Women and Alzheimer’s: Quick Facts the (United States) Alzheimer’s Association note:

“Almost TWO-THIRDS of Americans living with Alzheimer’s are women”.8

In Women and Alzheimer’s: Quick Facts the Alzheimer’s Association also note:

“Women in their 60s are more than TWICE AS LIKELY to develop Alzheimer’s disease over the rest of their lives as they are to develop breast cancer”.9

Prevention

How can Alzheimer’s be prevented?

In Basics of Alzheimer’s Disease and Dementia: Frequently Asked Questions About Alzheimer’s Disease – Is There A Way To Prevent Alzheimer’s Disease? the NIA explain:

Alzheimer’s Disease

“Currently, there is no definitive evidence about what can prevent Alzheimer’s disease or age-related cognitive decline. What we do know is that a healthy lifestyle—one that includes a healthy diet, physical activity, appropriate weight, and no smoking—can lower the risk of certain chronic diseases and boost overall health and well-being. Scientists are very interested in the possibility that a healthy lifestyle might delay, slow down, or even prevent Alzheimer’s. They are also studying the role of social activity and intellectual stimulation in Alzheimer’s disease risk”.10

In Brain Health the Alzheimer’s Association elaborate on:

“Research is still evolving, but evidence is strong that people can reduce their risk of cognitive decline by making key lifestyle changes, including participating in regular physical activity, staying socially engaged, and maintaining good heart health”.11

Health Care Provider

What if I would like reassurance I do not have Alzheimer’s disease?

If you would like reassurance you do not have Alzheimer’s disease, it may be in your best interest to choose to talk to your health care provider about this.

In Symptoms and Diagnosis of Alzheimer’s Disease: Noticing Memory Problems? What To Do Next the NIA elaborate on:

“We’ve all forgotten a name, where we put our keys, or if we locked the front door. It’s normal to forget things once in a while. But serious memory problems make it hard to do everyday things. Forgetting how to make change, use the telephone, or find your way home may be signs of a more serious memory problem”.12

In Dementia Guide: About Dementia the (United Kingdom) NHS (National Health Service) also note:

“As you get older, you may find that memory loss becomes a problem. It’s normal for your memory to be affected by stress, tiredness, or certain illnesses and medications. This can be annoying if it happens occasionally, but if it’s affecting your daily life or is worrying you or someone you know, you should seek help from your GP”.13

Who is a GP?

DotS and/or DotC (Depending on the Country) a GP may be a qualified and registered general practitioner, a medical practitioner, a medical doctor or a doctor.

Health Topics A-Z

Where may I find Health Topics related to Alzheimer’s Disease?

In Health Topics A-Z you may find:

Links

Where may I find Links related to Alzheimer’s Disease?

Your Country may have Links similar to:

Sources

Where may I find the Sources quoted?

You may find the Sources quoted at:

Sources

  1. Women and Alzheimer’s: Quick Facts. Alzheimer’s Association https://www.alz.org/alzheimers-dementia/what-is-alzheimers/women-and-alzheimer-s Accessed: 29 May 2020
  2. Basics of Alzheimer’s Disease and Dementia: What Is Alzheimer’s Disease? Content Reviewed: 16 May 2017. National Institute on Aging https://www.nia.nih.gov/health/what-alzheimers-disease Accessed: 29 May 2020
  3. Alzheimer’s Disease. Alzheimer’s Disease International https://www.alz.co.uk/info/alzheimers-disease Accessed: 29 May 2020
  4. Basics of Alzheimer’s Disease and Dementia: Frequently Asked Questions About Alzheimer’s Disease – What Is the Difference Between Alzheimer’s Disease and Dementia? Content Reviewed: 30 December 2019. National Institute on Aging https://www.nia.nih.gov/health/frequently-asked-questions-about-alzheimers-disease#difference Accessed: 29 May 2020
  5. 10 Early Signs and Symptoms of Alzheimer’s. Alzheimer’s Association https://www.alz.org/alzheimers-dementia/10_signs Accessed: 29 May 2020
  6. Basics of Alzheimer’s Disease and Dementia: What Is Alzheimer’s Disease? How Many Americans Alzheimer’s Disease? Content Reviewed: 16 May 2017. National Institute on Aging https://www.nia.nih.gov/health/what-alzheimers-disease Accessed: 29 May 2020
  7. What Is Alzheimer’s Disease? Updated In May 2018:5. Alzheimer’s Research UK https://www.alzheimersresearchuk.org/wp-content/plugins/mof_bl_0.2.9/downloads/what%20is%20alz.pdf Accessed: 29 May 2020
  8. Women and Alzheimer’s: Quick Facts. Alzheimer’s Association https://www.alz.org/alzheimers-dementia/what-is-alzheimers/women-and-alzheimer-s Accessed: 29 May 2020
  9. Women and Alzheimer’s: Quick Facts. Alzheimer’s Association https://www.alz.org/alzheimers-dementia/what-is-alzheimers/women-and-alzheimer-s Accessed: 29 May 2020
  10. Basics of Alzheimer’s Disease and Dementia: Frequently Asked Questions About Alzheimer’s Disease – Is There A Way To Prevent Alzheimer’s Disease? Content Reviewed: 30 December 2020. National Institute on Aging https://www.nia.nih.gov/health/frequently-asked-questions-about-alzheimers-disease#prevent Accessed: 29 May 2020
  11. Brain Health. Alzheimer’s Association https://www.alz.org/we_can_help_brain_health_maintain_your_brain.asp Accessed: 29 May 2020
  12. Symptoms and Diagnosis of Alzheimer’s Disease: Noticing Memory Problems? What To Do Next. Content Reviewed: 17 May 2017. National Institute on Aging https://www.nia.nih.gov/health/noticing-memory-problems-what-do-next Accessed: 29 May 2020
  13. Dementia Guide. About Dementia. Page Last Reviewed: 15 June 2017. NHS (National Health Service) https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/dementia/about/? Accessed: 29 May 2020
Topic Last Updated: 29 May 2020 – Topic Last Reviewed: 29 May 2020
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