“During the transition to menopause (called perimenopause), it is normal to skip periods, but very frequent or heavy bleeding episodes…”.1

Umbrella
What may the Perimenopausal Bleeding Umbrella include?

Depending on the Source (DotS) this Umbrella may include:

  • Abnormal Uterine Bleeding (AUB)
  • Perimenopausal Bleeding

Perimenopause

What is perimenopause?

DotS the definition of perimenopause may vary. The Australasian Menopause Society’s (AMS) definition is:

“Peri-menopause refers to the time from the onset of menopausal symptoms through to the last menstrual period particularly from the onset of irregular periods. It can last on an average of 4-6 years before the periods finally stop”.2

Abnormal Uterine Bleeding

What is abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB)?

DotS the definition of AUB may vary. The International Menopause Society’s (IMS) definition is:

“Many women experience Abnormal Uterine Bleeding (AUB) during perimenopause. AUB is defined as bleeding that differs in frequency, regularity, duration or amount to your regular menstrual bleeding”.3

Perimenopause or Not

Is AUB a symptom of perimenopause?

Perimenopausal BleedingNot necessarily. It is important to find out the cause. On page three in the IMS’s World Menopause Day 2017 Patient Information Leaflet Changes Before the Change: Should I Visit My GP? the IMS elaborate on:

“Changes to the menstrual cycle often carry no significant consequences; however, they could have a range of causes. So, although it may simply be a symptom of perimenopause, it is still sensible to raise the issue with your healthcare professional. In most cases, a thorough history and physical examination will indicate the cause of AUB and help discern the need for further investigation and treatment”.4

Who is a GP?

DotS and/or DotC (Depending on the Country) a GP may be a qualified and registered general practitioner, a medical practitioner, a medical doctor or a doctor.

Look for A Pattern

How may I look for a pattern with perimenopausal bleeding?Perimenopausal Bleeding

On page two in Abnormal Uterine Bleeding: FAQ – How Is Abnormal Bleeding Diagnosed? the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists elaborate on:

“Your ob-gyn or other health care professional will ask about your health history and your menstrual cycle. It may be helpful to keep track of your menstrual cycle before your visit. Note the dates, length, and type (light, medium, heavy, or spotting) of your bleeding on a calendar. You also can use a smartphone app designed to track menstrual cycles”.5

Menstrual Calendar

Where may I find a menstrual calendar to keep a record of postmenopausal bleeding?

In MenoNotes the North American Menopause Society (NAMS) include:

Health Care Provider

What if I think I have perimenopausal bleeding?

If you think you have perimenopausal bleeding, it may be in your best interest to choose to talk your health care provider about this. The NAMS explain:

“During the transition to menopause (called perimenopause), it is normal to skip periods, but very frequent or heavy bleeding episodes often requires an evaluation by your healthcare provider. Any bleeding after menopause requires an evaluation by your healthcare provider”.6

In Menstrual Calendar the NAMS also note:

“Call your health care provider if you experience:

  • Periods that are much heavier than usual
  • Spotting or bleeding between periods
  • Periods that last longer than 10 days
  • Bleeding after sex
  • Frequent periods (fewer than 21 days between periods)
  • Any bleeding after menopause”.7

In Menopause, Perimenopause, and Postmenopause: Living With – How Do I Know If Changes In My Periods Are Normal Perimenopausal Symptoms or Something To Be Concerned About? the (United States) Cleveland Clinic explain:

“Irregular periods are common and normal during perimenopause (the menopause transition). But other conditions can cause abnormalities in menstrual bleeding. If any of the following situations apply to you, see a doctor to rule out other causes.

  • Your periods are changing to become very heavy, or accompanied by blood clots
  • Your periods last several days longer than usual
  • You spot or bleed after your period
  • You experience spotting after sex
  • Your periods occur closer together”.8

In About the Menstrual Cycle the (Australian) Jean Hailes for Women’s Health also note:

“When To See Your Doctor

There are many reasons you might need to see your doctor about your periods, including:

  • Changes in the pattern of your periods
  • Increasingly heavy periods
  • Long periods of more than eight days
  • Periods that come fewer than three weeks apart
  • Periods coming more than two to three months apart
  • Painful periods that cause you to stay home
  • Bleeding between periods
  • Bleeding after intercourse

Your menstrual cycle is a normal process for your body. Each woman experiences her menstrual cycle differently, most without any difficulties. If there is any change in your cycle that worries you, see your doctor”.9

Health Topics A-Z

Where may I find Health Topics related to Perimenopausal Bleeding?

In Health Topics A-Z you may find:

Links

Where may I find Links related to Perimenopausal Bleeding?

Your Country may have Links similar to:

Sources

Where may I find the Sources quoted?

You may find the Sources quoted at:

Sources

  1. Changes Before the Change: Should I Visit My GP? 2017:3. International Menopause Society https://www.imsociety.org/manage/images/pdf/a0342d018487cfc9744445c5af7c49ad.pdf Accessed: 28 July 2020
  2. Glossary of Terms: Peri-menopause. Content Updated January 2016. Australasian Menopause Society https://www.menopause.org.au/hp/information-sheets/381-glossary-of-terms Accessed: 28 July 2020
  3. Changes Before the Change: Should I Visit My GP? 2017:3. International Menopause Society https://www.imsociety.org/manage/images/pdf/a0342d018487cfc9744445c5af7c49ad.pdf Accessed: 28 July 2020
  4. Changes Before the Change: Should I Visit My GP? 2017:3. International Menopause Society https://www.imsociety.org/manage/images/pdf/a0342d018487cfc9744445c5af7c49ad.pdf Accessed: 28 July 2020
  5. Abnormal Uterine Bleeding: How Is Abnormal Bleeding Diagnosed? March 2017. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists https://www.acog.org/patient-resources/faqs/gynecologic-problems/abnormal-uterine-bleeding Accessed: 28 July 2020
  6. Menstrual Calendar. 2015. North American Menopause Society https://www.menopause.org/docs/default-source/2015/menonote-menstrual-calendar-english.pdf Accessed: 28 July 2020
  7. Menstrual Calendar. 2015. North American Menopause Society https://www.menopause.org/docs/default-source/2015/menonote-menstrual-calendar-english.pdf Accessed: 28 July 2020
  8. Menopause, Perimenopause, and Postmenopause: Living With – How Do I Know If Changes In My Periods Are Normal Perimenopausal Symptoms or Something To Be Concerned About? This Document Was Last Reviewed on: 24 December 2019. Cleveland Clinic https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/15224-menopause-perimenopause-and-postmenopause/living-with Accessed: 28 July 2020
  9. About the Menstrual Cycle: When To See Your Doctor. Last Updated: 03 March 2020 | Last Reviewed: 10 July 2018. Jean Hailes for Women’s Health https://jeanhailes.org.au/health-a-z/periods/about-the-menstrual-cycle Accessed: 28 July 2020

Topic Last Updated: 28 July 2020 – Topic Last Reviewed: 28 July 2020
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