“A woman has female sexual dysfunction,
also called FSD, when she is upset or unhappy
about her sexual health”.1

Umbrella
What may the Sexual Health and Female Sexual Dysfunction Umbrella include?

Depending on the Source (DotS) this Umbrella may include:

  • Female Sexual Dysfunction (FSD)
  • Frigidity
  • Sexual Dysfunction In Females/Women
  • Sexual Problems In Females/Women

Definition

What is female sexual dysfunction (FSD)?

DotS the definition of FSD may vary. The (Australasian) Jean Hailes for Women’s Health’s (JH) definition is:

“Sexual problems (often called sexual dysfunction) are usually defined to mean you are not able to experience sex as you would wish and this causes you distress”.2

In Female Sexual Dysfunction: Symptoms & Causes – Overview the (United States) Mayo Clinic’s definition is:

“Persistent, recurrent problems with sexual response, desire, orgasm or pain — that distress you or strain your relationship with your partner — are known medically as sexual dysfunction”.3

The (United States) Hormone Health Network’s (HHN) definition is:

“A woman has female sexual dysfunction, also called FSD, when she is upset or unhappy about her sexual health”.4

In Female Sexual Dysfunction: What Is Female Sexual Dysfunction (FSD)? the HHN also note with their definition:

“Many women have a low sex drive or trouble having an orgasm. Some women are not bothered by this, but others are”.5

FSD or Not

If a woman is not troubled by her sex life, does she have FSD?

In Sexual Health & Menopause Online: Sexual Problems At Midlife – Does the Problem Bother You or Your Partner? the North American Menopause Society (NAMS) explain:

“The question of being troubled is key when it comes to any potential sexual disorder, since the issue is not the sexual “problem” or condition itself but whether it is bothersome or troubling to the person or partners involved. For instance, if both partners in a couple are content to live without an active sex life, then a condition such as vaginal dryness or erectile difficulty does not really represent sexual dysfunction. Similarly, a woman who notices some decline in sexual desire over time may not be troubled by it if she is not in a relationship. However, if she meets a partner with high libido, she may start to see her low sex drive as a problem”.6

Types

What are some types of FSD?

In Sexual Problems In Women: Summary the (United States) MedlinePlus note:

“There are many problems that can keep a woman from enjoying sex. They include:

  • Lack of sexual desire
  • Inability to become aroused
  • Lack of orgasm, or sexual climax
  • Painful intercourse”.7

In Sexual Health: Sexual Problems the JH explain:

“Problems often relate to:

Arousal
The physical response to sexual thoughts or activity such as lubrication and swelling of the genitals

Libido
The desire to take part in sexual activities either with a partner or yourself

Orgasm
The climax of sexual excitement, characterised by pleasure centred in the genitals

Frequency
How often you take part in sexual activities

Pain

  • Low abdominal or pelvic pain
  • Pain on the vulva or entrance to the vagina. This may be pain that occurs with intercourse or inserting a tampon, or it may occur on its own”.8

Anorgasmia

What is anorgasmia?

DotS the definition of anorgasmia may vary. The Mayo Clinic’s definition is:

“Anorgasmia is the medical term for regular difficulty reaching orgasm after ample sexual stimulation. The lack of orgasms distresses you or interferes with your relationship with your partner”.9

Is there an association between anorgasmia and aging?

In Anorgasmia In Women: Symptoms & Causes – Causes: Physical Causes the Mayo Clinic explain:

  • “Aging. As you age, normal changes in your anatomy, hormones, neurological system and circulatory system can affect your sexuality. Waning estrogen levels as you transition to menopause and menopausal symptoms, such as night sweats and mood changes, can have an impact on sexuality”.10

Is anorgasmia a concern?

In Anorgasmia In Women: Symptoms & Causes – Overview the Mayo Clinic elaborate on:

“If you’re happy with the climax of your sexual activities, there’s no need for concern. However, if you’re bothered by the lack of orgasm or the intensity of your orgasms, talk to your doctor about anorgasmia”.11 Sexual Health and Female Sexual Dysfunction Sexual Health and Female Sexual Dysfunction

FSD Common or Not

How common is FSD?

In Sexual Health: Female Sexual Problems the (United Kingdom) NHS (National Health Service) note:

“According to the Sexual Advice Association, sexual problems affect around 1 in 3 young and middle-aged women, and around 1 in 2 older women”.12

In Australia the JH note:

“About three out of five of women in Australia report one or more sexual problems”.13

FSD Cause

What causes FSD?

The MedlinePlus explain:

“These problems may have physical or psychological causes. Physical causes may include conditions like diabetes, heart disease, nerve disorders, or hormone problems. Some drugs can also affect desire and function. Psychological causes may include work-related stress and anxiety. They may also include depression or concerns about marriage or relationship problems. For some women, the problem results from past sexual trauma”.14

Health Care Provider

What if I think I have FSD?

If you think you have FSD and this troubles you, it may be in your best interest to choose to talk to your health care provider about this. According to the MedlinePlus:

“Occasional problems with sexual function are common. If problems last more than a few months or cause distress for you or your partner, you should see your health care provider”.15

In Sexual Health & Menopause Online: Talking To Your Healthcare Provider About Your Problem the NAMS reassure:

“If your provider asks about your sex life or sexual function, don’t miss the opportunity to be frank and look for help. More important, if your provider doesn’t ask specifically about your sexual function, don’t be afraid to bring up a distressing sexual problem yourself when you’re asked, “How are you feeling?” Most providers today are comfortable addressing such a problem; if your provider is not, consider looking for another. There is absolutely no need to suffer (or let your relationship suffer) in silence”.16

The Mayo Clinic also encourage us to talk about sex explaining:

“Your health has a big impact on your sex life and vice versa. Don’t be embarrassed about discussing sex with your doctor. Your doctor can be a reliable source of information on sexual health. He or she can help you manage chronic conditions and medications that affect your sex life. Your doctor can help you understand how sexual activity may change throughout your life”.17

Health Topics A-Z

Where may I find Health Topics related to Sexual Health and Female Sexual Dysfunction?

In Health Topics A-Z you may find:

Links

Where may I find Links related to Sexual Health and Female Sexual Dysfunction?

Your Country may have Links similar to:

Sources

Where may I find the Sources quoted?

You may find the Sources quoted at:

Sources

  1. Female Sexual Dysfunction: What Is Female Sexual Dysfunction (FSD)? Last Updated: October 2017. Hormone Health Network https://www.hormone.org/diseases-and-conditions/womens-health/female-sexual-dysfunction Accessed: 15 July 2020
  2. Sexual Health: Sexual Problems. Updated May 2010:1. Jean Hailes for Women’s Health https://jeanhailes.org.au/contents/documents/Resources/Fact_sheets/Sexual_health.pdf Accessed: 15 July 2020
  3. Female Sexual Dysfunction: Symptoms & Causes – Overview. 06 September 2018. Mayo Clinic https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/female-sexual-dysfunction/symptoms-causes/syc-20372549 Accessed: 15 July 2020
  4. Female Sexual Dysfunction: What Is Female Sexual Dysfunction (FSD)? Last Updated: October 2017. Hormone Health Network https://www.hormone.org/diseases-and-conditions/womens-health/female-sexual-dysfunction Accessed: 15 July 2020
  5. Female Sexual Dysfunction: What Is Female Sexual Dysfunction (FSD)? Last Updated: October 2017. Hormone Health Network https://www.hormone.org/diseases-and-conditions/womens-health/female-sexual-dysfunction Accessed: 15 July 2020
  6. Sexual Health & Menopause Online: Sexual Problems At Midlife – Does the Problem Bother You or Your Partner? North American Menopause Society https://www.menopause.org/for-women/sexual-health-menopause-online/sexual-problems-at-midlife Accessed: 15 July 2020
  7. Sexual Problems In Women. Summary. Page Last Updated on: 17 June 2020. Topic Last Reviewed: 20 June 2016.  MedlinePlus https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/sexualproblemsinwomen.html Accessed: 15 July 2020
  8. Sexual Health: Sexual Problems. Updated April 2020:1-2. Jean Hailes for Women’s Health https://jeanhailes.org.au/contents/documents/Resources/Fact_sheets/Sexual_health.pdf Accessed: 15 July 2020
  9. Anorgasmia In Women: Symptoms & Causes – Overview. 28 March 2020. Mayo Clinic https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/anorgasmia/symptoms-causes/syc-20369422 Accessed: 15 July 2020
  10. Anorgasmia In Women: Symptoms & Causes: Causes – Physical Causes. 28 March 2020. Mayo Clinic https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/anorgasmia/symptoms-causes/syc-20369422 Accessed: 15 July 2020
  11. Anorgasmia In Women: Symptoms & Causes – Overview. 28 March 2020. Mayo Clinic https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/anorgasmia/symptoms-causes/syc-20369422 Accessed: 15 July 2020
  12. Sexual Health: Female Sexual Problems. Page Last Reviewed: 27 August 2019. NHS (National Health Service) https://www.nhs.uk/live-well/sexual-health/female-sexual-problems/ Accessed: 15 July 2020
  13. Sexual Health: Sexual Problems. Updated April 2020:1. Jean Hailes for Women’s Health https://jeanhailes.org.au/contents/documents/Resources/Fact_sheets/Sexual_health.pdf Accessed: 15 July 2020
  14. Sexual Problems In Women. Summary. Page Last Updated on: 16 June 2020. Topic Last Reviewed: 20 June 2016.  MedlinePlus https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/sexualproblemsinwomen.html Accessed: 15 July 2020
  15. Sexual Problems In Women. Summary. Page Last Updated on: 28April 2020. Topic Last Reviewed: 20 June 2016.  MedlinePlus https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/sexualproblemsinwomen.html Accessed: 15 July 2020
  16. Sexual Health & Menopause Online: Talking To Your Health Care Provider About Your Problem. North America Menopause Society https://www.menopause.org/for-women/sexual-health-menopause-online/effective-treatments-for-sexual-problems/talking-to-your-healthcare-provider-about-your-problem Accessed: 15 July 2020
  17. Have Questions About Sex? Ask Your Doctor. 03 January 2019. Mayo Clinic https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/sexual-health/in-depth/art-20048805 Accessed: 15 July 2020
Topic Last Updated: 15 July 2020 – Topic Last Reviewed: 15 July 2020
image_pdf