“Hormone therapy is approved for the relief of moderate to severe menopausal symptoms, such as hot flushes, night sweats and vaginal dryness…”.1

Umbrella
What may the Hormone Therapy and Hot Flushes Umbrella include?

Depending on the Source (DotS) this Umbrella may include:

  • Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT)
  • Hormone Therapy (HT)
  • Hot Flashes
  • Hot Flushes
  • Menopausal Hormone Therapy (MHT)

Hormone Therapies

What are hormone therapies?

DotS the definition of hormone therapies may vary. The North American Menopause Society’s (NAMS) definition is:

“Hormone therapies are the prescription drugs used most often to treat hot flashes and genitourinary syndrome of menopause (GSM), which includes vaginal dryness, after menopause”.2

Approved

What is hormone therapy (HT) approved for?

The International Menopause Society (IMS) explain:

Hormone Therapy and Hot Flushes “Hormone therapy is approved for the relief of moderate to severe menopausal symptoms, such as hot flushes, night sweats and vaginal dryness, and the prevention of postmenopausal osteoporosis”.3

Options

What are some HT options to relieve hot flushes?

In Menopause FAQs: Q. Hormone Therapy for Menopause Symptoms – What is hormone therapy? the NAMS explain:

“A. …For hot flashes, hormones are given in pills, patches, sprays, gels, or a vaginal ring that deliver hormones throughout the body—known as systemic therapy”.4

Effective or Not

How effective is HT for hot flushes?

On page one in Deciding About Hormone Therapy: Potential Risks published in June 2017, the NAMS elaborate on:

“Hormone therapy is one of the most effective treatments available for bothersome hot flashes and night sweats. If night sweats are waking you throughout the night, HT may improve sleep and fatigue, mood, ability to concentrate, and overall quality of life. Treatment of bothersome hot flashes and night sweats is the principal reason women use HT. Hormone therapy also treats vaginal dryness and painful sex associated with menopause”.5

In Hot Flushes and Night Sweats – Background Information: What Are Effective Treatments? the IMS elaborate on:

“Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) is the most effective treatment of hot flushes and night sweats. Up to 90% of all VMS disappear within 3 months. HRT treatment should be individualised, and discussed with a woman’s doctor, and use reviewed regularly”.6

Vasomotor Symptoms

What is VMS?

VMS can be an abbreviation for Vasomotor Symptoms.

What are vasomotor symptoms?

The IMS explain:

“Hot flushes and night sweats are also referred to as Vasomotor Symptoms (VMS)”.7

Revised Global Consensus Statement

What is one of the points of consensus about menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) and VMS?

One of the points of consensus in the Revised Global Consensus Statement on Menopausal Hormone Therapy: Section A: Benefit/Risk Profile of MHT – endorsed by seven menopause-related organizations – published online 20 June 2016, is:

  • “MHT, including tibolone and the combination of conjugated equine estrogens and bazedoxifene (CE/BZA), is the most effective treatment for vasomotor symptoms (VMS) associated with menopause at any age, but benefits are more likely to outweigh risks if initiated for symptomatic women before the age of 60 years or within 10 years after menopause”.8

Health Care Provider

What if I choose to use HT for my hot flushes?

If you choose to use HT for your hot flushes, it may be in your best interest to also choose to talk to your health care provider about this.

One of the points of consensus in the Revised Global Consensus Statement on Menopausal Hormone Therapy: Section B: General Principles Governing the Use of MHT is:

  • “The option of MHT is an individual decision in terms of quality of life and health priorities as well as personal risk factors such as age, time since menopause and the risk of VTE, stroke, ischemic heart disease and breast cancer. MHT should not be recommended without a clear indication for its use”.9

What is VTE?

VTE can be an abbreviation for Venous Thromboembolism.

Health Topics A-Z

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Sources

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Sources

  1. Women and Menopause: Fact Sheet. October 2012:1 International Menopause Society https://www.imsociety.org/downloads/world_menopause_day_2012/wmd_general_menopause_backgrounder.pdf Accessed: 21 May 2020
  2. Menopause FAQs: Hormone Therapy for Menopause Symptoms – Q. What is hormone therapy? North American Menopause Society https://www.menopause.org/for-women/menopause-faqs-hormone-therapy-for-menopause-symptoms Accessed: 21 May 2020
  3. Women and Menopause: Fact Sheet. October 2012:1 International Menopause Society https://www.imsociety.org/downloads/world_menopause_day_2012/wmd_general_menopause_backgrounder.pdf Accessed: 21 May 2020
  4. Menopause FAQs: Hormone Therapy for Menopause Symptoms – Q. What is hormone therapy? North American Menopause Society https://www.menopause.org/for-women/menopause-faqs-hormone-therapy-for-menopause-symptoms Accessed: 21 May 2020
  5. Deciding About Hormone Therapy Use: Potential Risks. 2017:1. North American Menopause Society https://www.menopause.org/docs/default-source/for-women/menonote-deciding-about-ht-2017.pdf Accessed: 21 May 2020
  6. Hot Flushes and Night Sweats – Background Information: What Are Effective Treatments? October 2011:2. International Menopause Society https://www.imsociety.org/downloads/world_menopause_day_2011/wmd_media_backgrounder.pdf Accessed: 21 May 2020
  7. Hot Flushes and Night Sweats – Background Information: What Are Hot Flushes and Night Sweats? October 2011:1. International Menopause Society https://www.imsociety.org/downloads/world_menopause_day_2011/wmd_media_backgrounder.pdf Accessed: 21 May 2020
  8. De Villiers, T. J., Hall, J. E., Pinkerton, J. V., Pérez, S. C., Rees, M., Yang, C. and Pierroz, D. D. Revised Global Consensus Statement on Menopausal Hormone Therapy: Section A: Benefit/Risk Profile of MHT. Climacteric, 2016;19:4:313 https://www.imsociety.org/manage/images/pdf/ba6379e868044bec13015ac2b84f2753.pdf Accessed: 21 May 2020
  9. De Villiers, T. J., Hall, J. E., Pinkerton, J. V., Pérez, S. C., Rees, M., Yang, C. and Pierroz, D. D. Revised Global Consensus Statement on Menopausal Hormone Therapy: Section B: General Principles Governing the Use of MHT. Climacteric, 2016;19:4:314 https://www.imsociety.org/manage/images/pdf/ba6379e868044bec13015ac2b84f2753.pdf Accessed: 21 May 2020
Topic Last Updated: 21 May 2020 – Topic Last Reviewed: 21 May 2020
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