“Burning Mouth Syndrome (BMS) is a painful condition
often described as a burning, scalding, or tingling feeling
in the mouth that may occur every day for…”.1

Umbrella
What may the Burning Mouth Syndrome Umbrella include?

Depending on the Source (DotS) this Umbrella may include:

  • Burning Lips Syndrome
  • Burning Mouth
  • Burning Mouth Syndrome (BMS)
  • Burning Tongue
  • Glossodynia (Tongue Pain)
  • Oral Dysesthesia
  • Scalded Mouth Syndrome
  • Stomatodynia (Mouth Pain)

Definition

What is burning mouth syndrome?

DotS the definition of burning mouth syndrome may vary. The (United States) National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research’s (NIDCR) definition is:

“Burning Mouth Syndrome (BMS) is a painful condition often described as a burning, scalding, or tingling feeling in the mouth that may occur every day for months or longer. Dry mouth or an altered taste in the mouth may accompany the pain”.2

Symptoms

What are symptoms of BMS?

In Burning Mouth Syndrome: Symptoms the NIDCR explain:

“The main symptom of burning mouth syndrome (BMS) is pain in the mouth that feels like burning, scalding, or tingling. Or, the pain may happen with a feeling of numbness, which comes and goes. Other symptoms include dry mouth or altered taste in the mouth.

BMS is a painful condition. Usually, the tongue is affected but the pain may also be in the lips, the roof of the mouth, or throughout the mouth.

BMS pain can last for months or years. Some people feel constant pain every day. For others, pain increases throughout the day. For many people, the pain is reduced when eating or drinking”.3

Cause

What causes BMS?

In Mayo Clinic Q and A: Understanding Burning Mouth Syndrome the (United States) Mayo Clinic explain:

“Burning mouth syndrome that can’t be linked to an underlying medical condition is referred to as primary burning mouth syndrome. This is thought to be caused by dysfunction of the nerves that control pain and taste. Secondary burning mouth syndrome means your health care provider has found an underlying cause of your discomfort”.4

Who

Who does BMS affect?

In Burning Mouth Syndrome: Who Does It Affect? the (United Kingdom) Oral Health Foundation note:

“Anyone can have BMS, but it is more common in middle-aged or older people going through menopause (‘the change’)”.5

Postmenopause

Is there an association between postmenopause and BMS?

In Burning Mouth Syndrome: Symptoms & Causes – Risk Factors the Mayo Clinic explain:

“Burning mouth syndrome is uncommon. However, your risk may be greater if:

  • You’re a woman
  • You’re perimenopausal or postmenopausal
  • You’re over the age of 50”.6

In Burning Mouth: Living With – Is Burning Mouth More Common In Certain People? the (United States) Cleveland Clinic note:

“Burning mouth is most common in people in postmenopause who are over 60 years old. This is because reduced estrogen levels cause decreased taste bud sensitivity”.7

Health Care Provider

What if I think I have burning mouth syndrome?

If you think you have burning mouth syndrome, it may be in your best interest to talk to your dentist about this.

The NIDCR explain:

“BMS is hard to diagnose. One reason is that people with BMS often don’t have a mouth problem that can be seen during an exam.

Talk to your dentist first. About one-third of people with BMS have an oral habit such as tooth grinding or jaw clenching that can lead to BMS. Dentists are familiar with oral habits and can help you manage them”.8

In Burning Mouth Syndrome: Diagnosis & Treatment – Treatment: Primary Burning Mouth Syndrome the Mayo Clinic reassure:

“There’s no known cure for primary burning mouth syndrome and there’s no one sure way to treat it. Solid research on the most effective methods is lacking. Treatment depends on your particular symptoms and is aimed at controlling them. You may need to try several treatment methods before finding one or a combination that helps reduce your mouth discomfort. And it may take time for treatments to help manage symptoms”.9

In Burning Mouth Syndrome: How Long Could I Have BMS for? the Oral Health Foundation note:

Burning Mouth Syndrome“It is important to keep a record of how your symptoms are affected by the different types of treatment. Your dental team or doctor will then have a better idea of what treatment is best for you – after all, everybody is different”.10

Health Topics A-Z

Where may I find Health Topics related to Burning Mouth Syndrome?

In Health Topics A-Z you may find:

Links

Where may I find Links related to Burning Mouth Syndrome?

Your Country may have Links similar to:

Sources

Where may I find the Sources quoted?

You may find the Sources quoted at:

Sources

  1. Burning Mouth Syndrome: Overview. Last Reviewed: September 2021. National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research https://www.nidcr.nih.gov/health-info/burning-mouth/more-info Accessed: 05 August 2022
  2. Burning Mouth Syndrome: Overview. Last Reviewed: September 2021. National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research https://www.nidcr.nih.gov/health-info/burning-mouth/more-info Accessed: 05 August 2022
  3. Burning Mouth Syndrome: Symptoms. Last Reviewed: September 2021. National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research https://www.nidcr.nih.gov/health-info/burning-mouth/more-info Accessed: 05 August 2022
  4. Mayo Clinic Q and A: Understanding Burning Mouth Syndrome. 08 November 2019. Mayo Clinic https://newsnetwork.mayoclinic.org/discussion/mayo-clinic-q-and-a-understanding-burning-mouth-syndrome/ Accessed: 05 August 2022
  5. Burning Mouth Syndrome: Who Does It Affect? Oral Health Foundation https://www.dentalhealth.org/burning-mouth-syndrome Accessed: 05 August 2022
  6. Burning Mouth Syndrome: Symptoms & Causes – Risk Factors. 14 February 2019. Mayo Clinic https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/burning-mouth-syndrome/symptoms-causes/syc-20350911 Accessed: 05 August 2022
  7. Burning Mouth: Living With – Is Burning Mouth More Common In Certain People? 26 June 2022. Cleveland Clinic https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/14463-burning-mouth/living-with Accessed: 05 August 2022
  8. Burning Mouth Syndrome: Diagnosis. Last Reviewed: September 2021. National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research https://www.nidcr.nih.gov/health-info/burning-mouth/more-info Accessed: 05 August 2022
  9. Burning Mouth Syndrome: Diagnosis & Treatment – Treatment: Primary Burning Mouth Syndrome. 14 February 2019. Mayo Clinic https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/burning-mouth-syndrome/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20350917 Accessed: 05 August 2022
  10. Burning Mouth Syndrome: How Long Could I Have BMS for? Oral Health Foundation https://www.dentalhealth.org/burning-mouth-syndrome Accessed: 05 August 2022
Topic Last Updated: 05 August 2022 – Topic Last Reviewed: 05 August 2022

Print Friendly, PDF & Email