“Atherosclerosis is the build-up of fatty material (atheroma) inside your arteries. It is what causes most heart attacks and strokes”.1

Umbrella
What may the Atherosclerosis Umbrella include?

Depending on the Source (DotS) this Umbrella may include:

  • Arteriosclerosis
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Hardening of the Arteries

Arteriosclerosis

Is there an association between arteriosclerosis and atherosclerosis?

In Arteriosclerosis / Atherosclerosis: Overview the (United States) Mayo Clinic explain:

“Arteriosclerosis and atherosclerosis are sometimes used to mean the same thing, but there’s a difference between the two terms”.2

The Mayo Clinic also notes:

“Atherosclerosis is a specific type of arteriosclerosis”.3

Atherosclerosis

What is atherosclerosis?

DotS the definition of atherosclerosis may vary. The British Heart Foundation’s definition is:

“Atherosclerosis is the build-up of fatty material (atheroma) inside your arteries. It is what causes most heart attacks and strokes”.4

The (United States) National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute’s (NHLBI) definition is:

“Atherosclerosis is a disease in which plaque builds up inside your arteries.

Plaque is made up of fat, cholesterol, calcium, and other substances found in the blood. Over time, plaque hardens and narrows your arteries. This limits the flow of oxygen-rich blood to your organs and other parts of your body”.5

Cause

What causes atherosclerosis?

In Atherosclerosis: How It Starts and How It Progresses the American Heart Association elaborate on:

“The cause of atherosclerosis isn’t completely known.

Many scientists believe plaque begins when an artery’s inner lining (called the endothelium) becomes damaged. Four possible causes of such damage are:

  • Elevated levels of cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood
  • High blood pressure
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Diabetes”.6

Serious or Not

Is atherosclerosis serious?

Yes. In Atherosclerosis: What Is the NHLBI note:

“Atherosclerosis can lead to serious problems, including heart attack, stroke, or even death”.7

Risk

What healthy lifestyle changes can reduce the risk of developing atherosclerosis?

In Atherosclerosis (Arteriosclerosis): Reduce Your Risk of Atherosclerosis the (United Kingdom) NHS elaborate on:

Atherosclerosis

“Making healthy lifestyle changes can reduce your risk of developing atherosclerosis and may help stop it getting worse.

The main ways you can reduce your risk are:

  • Stop smoking…
  • Have a healthy diet…
  • Exercise regularly…
  • Maintain a healthy weight…
  • Moderate your alcohol consumption…”.8

Health Care Provider

What if I think I have atherosclerosis?

In Arteriosclerosis / Atherosclerosis: Symptoms & Causes – Overview: Symptoms – When To See A Doctor the Mayo Clinic explain:

“If you think you have atherosclerosis, talk to your doctor. Also pay attention to early symptoms of inadequate blood flow, such as chest pain (angina), leg pain or numbness.

Early diagnosis and treatment can stop atherosclerosis from worsening and prevent a heart attack, stroke or another medical emergency”.9

Health Topics A-Z

Where may I find Health Topics related to Atherosclerosis

In Health Topics A-Z you may find:

Links

Where may I find Links related to Atherosclerosis?

Your Country may have Links similar to:

Sources

Where may I find the Sources quoted?

You may find the Sources quoted at:

Sources

  1. Atherosclerosis. Last Reviewed: December 2019. British Heart Foundation https://www.bhf.org.uk/informationsupport/conditions/atherosclerosis Accessed: 25 August 2021
  2. Arteriosclerosis / Atherosclerosis: Overview. 16 March 2021. Mayo Clinic https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/arteriosclerosis-atherosclerosis/symptoms-causes/syc-20350569 Accessed: 25 August 2021
  3. Arteriosclerosis / Atherosclerosis: Overview. 16 March 2021. Mayo Clinic https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/arteriosclerosis-atherosclerosis/symptoms-causes/syc-20350569 Accessed: 25 August 2021
  4. Atherosclerosis. Last Reviewed: December 2019. British Heart Foundation https://www.bhf.org.uk/heart-health/conditions/atherosclerosis Accessed: 25 August 2021
  5. Atherosclerosis. What Is. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health-topics/atherosclerosis Accessed: 25 August 2021
  6. Atherosclerosis: How It Starts and How It Progresses. Last Reviewed: 06 November 2020. American Heart Association https://www.heart.org/en/health-topics/cholesterol/about-cholesterol/atherosclerosis Accessed: 25 August 2021
  7. Atherosclerosis. What Is. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health-topics/atherosclerosis Accessed: 25 August 2021
  8. Atherosclerosis (Arteriosclerosis): Reduce Your Risk of Atherosclerosis. Page Last Reviewed: 02 May 2019. NHS https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/atherosclerosis/#reduce-your-risk-of-atherosclerosis Accessed: 25 August 2021
  9. Arteriosclerosis / Atherosclerosis: Symptoms & Causes – Overview: Symptoms – When To See A Doctor. 16 March 2021. Mayo Clinic https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/arteriosclerosis-atherosclerosis/symptoms-causes/syc-20350569 Accessed: 25 August 2021

Topic Last Updated: 25 August 2021 – Topic Last Reviewed: 25 August 2021
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