“Atherosclerosis is the build-up of fatty material (atheroma) inside your arteries. It is what causes most heart attacks and strokes”.1

Umbrella
What may the Atherosclerosis Umbrella include?

Depending on the Source (DotS) this Umbrella may include:

  • Arteriosclerosis
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Hardening of the Arteries

Arteriosclerosis

Is there an association between arteriosclerosis and atherosclerosis?

In Arteriosclerosis / Atherosclerosis: Overview the (United States) Mayo Clinic explain:

“Atherosclerosis is a specific type of arteriosclerosis, but the terms are sometimes used interchangeably”.2

Atherosclerosis

What is artherosclerosis?

DotS the definition of artherosclerosis may vary. The British Heart Foundation’s definition is:

“Atherosclerosis is the build-up of fatty material (atheroma) inside your arteries. It is what causes most heart attacks and strokes”.3

The (United States) National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute’s (NHLBI) definition is:

“Atherosclerosis is a disease in which plaque builds up inside your arteries.

Plaque is made up of fat, cholesterol, calcium, and other substances found in the blood”.4

Cause

What causes atherosclerosis?

In Atherosclerosis: How It Starts, How It Progresses the American Heart Association elaborate on:

“Exactly how atherosclerosis starts or what causes it isn’t known.

Many scientists believe plaque begins when an artery’s inner lining (called the endothelium) becomes damaged. Three possible causes of such damage are:

  • Elevated levels of cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood
  • High blood pressure
  • Cigarette smoking”.5

Serious or Not

Is atherosclerosis serious?

Yes. In Atherosclerosis: What Is the NHLBI note:

“Atherosclerosis can lead to serious problems, including heart attack, stroke, or even death”.6

Risk

What healthy lifestyle changes can reduce the risk of developing atherosclerosis?

In Atherosclerosis (Arteriosclerosis): Reduce Your Risk of Atherosclerosis the (United Kingdom) NHS (National Health Service) elaborate on:

“Making healthy lifestyle changes can reduce your risk of developing atherosclerosis and may help stop it getting worse.

The main ways you can reduce your risk are:

  • Stop smoking…
  • Have a healthy diet…
  • Exercise regularly…
  • Maintain a healthy weight…
  • Moderate your alcohol consumption…”.7

Health Care Provider

What if I think I have atherosclerosis?

In Arteriosclerosis / Atherosclerosis: Symptoms & Causes – Overview: Symptoms – When To See A Doctor the Mayo Clinic explain:

“If you think you have atherosclerosis, talk to your doctor. Also pay attention to early symptoms of inadequate blood flow, such as chest pain (angina), leg pain or numbness.

Early diagnosis and treatment can stop atherosclerosis from worsening and prevent a heart attack, stroke or another medical emergency”.8

Health Topics A-Z

Where may I find Health Topics related to Atherosclerosis

In Health Topics A-Z you may find:

Links

Where may I find Links related to Atherosclerosis?

Your Country may have Links similar to:

Sources

Where may I find the Sources quoted?

You may find the Sources quoted at:

Sources

  1. Atherosclerosis. Last Reviewed: December 2019. British Heart Foundation https://www.bhf.org.uk/informationsupport/conditions/atherosclerosis Accessed: 31 July 2020
  2. Arteriosclerosis / Atherosclerosis: Overview. 24 April 2018. Mayo Clinic https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/arteriosclerosis-atherosclerosis/symptoms-causes/syc-20350569 Accessed: 31 July 2020
  3. Atherosclerosis. Last Reviewed: December 2019. British Heart Foundation https://www.bhf.org.uk/heart-health/conditions/atherosclerosis Accessed: 31 July 2020
  4. Atherosclerosis. What Is. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health-topics/atherosclerosis Accessed: 31 July 2020
  5. Atherosclerosis: How It Starts, How It Progresses. Last Reviewed: 30 April 2017. American Heart Association https://www.heart.org/en/health-topics/cholesterol/about-cholesterol/atherosclerosis Accessed: 31 July 2020
  6. Atherosclerosis. What Is. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health-topics/atherosclerosis Accessed: 31 July 2020
  7. Atherosclerosis (Arteriosclerosis): Reduce Your Risk of Atherosclerosis. Page Last Reviewed: 02 May 2019. NHS (National Health Service) https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/atherosclerosis/#reduce-your-risk-of-atherosclerosis Accessed: 31 July 2020
  8. Arteriosclerosis / Atherosclerosis: Symptoms & Causes – Overview: Symptoms – When To See A Doctor. 24 April 2018. Mayo Clinic https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/arteriosclerosis-atherosclerosis/symptoms-causes/syc-20350569 Accessed: 31 July 2020

Topic Last Updated: 31 July 2020 – Topic Last Reviewed: 31 July 2020
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