“As a woman living with HIV, one of the most important relationships you will have is with your doctor. Finding the right doctor can have a big impact on your well-being…”.1

Umbrella
What may the HIV/AIDS Umbrella include?

Depending on the Source (DotS) this Umbrella may include:

  • AIDS
  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
  • HIV
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)

HIV

What is the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)?

DotS the definition of HIV may vary. The World Health Organization’s (WHO) definition is:

“The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) targets the immune system and weakens people’s defense against many infections and some types of cancer that people with healthy immune systems can fight off. As the virus destroys and impairs the function of immune cells, infected individuals gradually become immunodeficient. Immune function is typically measured by CD4 cell count”.2

How can HIV be transmitted?

In HIV/AIDS: Transmission the WHO explain:

“HIV can be transmitted via the exchange of a variety of body fluids from infected people, such as blood, breast milk, semen and vaginal secretions. HIV can also be transmitted from a mother to her child during pregnancy and delivery. Individuals cannot become infected through ordinary day-to-day contact such as kissing, hugging, shaking hands, or sharing personal objects, food or water”.3

AIDS

What is acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)?

DotS the definition of AIDS may vary. In HIV and AIDS: Overview the (United Kingdom) NHS’s definition is:

“AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome) is the name used to describe a number of potentially life-threatening infections and illnesses that happen when your immune system has been severely damaged by the HIV virus”.4

The WHO’s definition is:

“The most advanced stage of HIV infection is acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), which can take many years to develop if not treated, depending on the individual. AIDS is defined by the development of certain cancers, infections or other severe long-term clinical manifestations”.5

Common or Not

How common is HIV?

In HIV/AIDS: Key Facts the WHO note:

  • “There were an estimated 37.7 million [30.2–45.1 million] people living with HIV at the end of 2020, over two thirds of whom (25.4 million) are in the WHO African Region”.6

Women

How many women are affected by HIV?

In Women and Girls, HIV and AIDS Avert elaborate on:

  • “Of all new HIV infections in 2020 among adults, 51% were among women”.7

In HIV and AIDS the Office on Women’s Health, United States Department of Health and Human Services, Womenshealth.gov note:

“One in four people in the United States with HIV is female. In the United States, women are most likely to get HIV from having sex with a man”.8

HIV Test

How do you know if you have HIV?

In Get Tested for HIV: The Basics: Overview the (United States) MyHealthfinder elaborate on:

“The only way to know if you have HIV is to get tested. You could have HIV and still feel healthy”.9

STDs

Is there an association between sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and HIV?

In HIV/AIDS & STDs: STDs and HIV – CDC Fact Sheet: Why Does Having An STD Put Me More At Risk for Getting HIV? the (United States) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention explain:

“If you get an STD, you are more likely to get HIV than someone who is STD-free. This is because the same behaviors and circumstances that may put you at risk for getting an STD also can put you at greater risk for getting HIV. In addition, having a sore or break in the skin from an STD may allow HIV to more easily enter your body. If you are sexually active, get tested for STDs and HIV regularly, even if you don’t have symptoms”.10

Menopause

Is there an association between menopause and HIV?

In Menopause and HIV: Menopause In People Living With HIV dated January 2021, the (United Kingdom) Aidsmap explain:

“The interaction between menopause and HIV is under-researched, but the evidence base is growing.

Women living with HIV often experience menopausal symptoms. A number of studies have found that women living with HIV are more likely to experience symptoms than women who do not have HIV. This includes sexual symptoms such as a lack of interest in sex and vaginal dryness, bodily symptoms such as hot flushes, and psychological symptoms such as depression and anxiety”.11

Health Care Provider

What if I think I have HIV?

If you think you have HIV, it may be in your best interest to choose to talk to your health care provider about this as soon as possible.

In HIV and AIDS: Living With HIV – Finding Your HIV Care Team Womenshealth.gov elaborate on:

“As a woman living with HIV, one of the most important relationships you will have is with your doctor. Finding the right doctor can have a big impact on your well-being”.12

Health Topics A-Z

Where may I find Health Topics related to HIV/AIDS?

In Health Topics A-Z you may find:

Links

Where may I find Links related to HIV/AIDS?

Your Country may have Links similar to:

Sources

Where may I find the Sources quoted?

You may find the Sources quoted at:

Sources

  1. HIV and AIDS: Living With HIV – Finding Your HIV Care Team. Last Updated: 18 February 2021. Office on Women’s Health, United States Department of Health and Human Services, Womenshealth.gov https://www.womenshealth.gov/hiv-and-aids/living-hiv Accessed: 03 June 2022
  2. HIV/AIDS: Key Facts. 30 November 2021. World Health Organization https://www.who.int/en/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/hiv-aids Accessed: 03 June 2022
  3. HIV/AIDS: Transmission. 30 November 2021. World Health Organization https://www.who.int/en/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/hiv-aids Accessed: 03 June 2022
  4. HIV and AIDS: Overview. Page Last Reviewed: 22 April 2021. NHS https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/hiv-and-aids/ Accessed: 03 June 2022
  5. HIV/AIDS: Key Facts. 30 November 2021. World Health Organization https://www.who.int/en/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/hiv-aids Accessed: 03 June 2022
  6. HIV/AIDS: Key Facts. 30 November 2021. World Health Organization https://www.who.int/en/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/hiv-aids Accessed: 03 June 2022
  7. Women and Girls, HIV and AIDS. Last Updated: 18 March 2022. Last Full Review: 01 March 2022. Avert https://www.avert.org/professionals/hiv-social-issues/key-affected-populations/women Accessed: 03 June 2022
  8. HIV and AIDS. Page Last Updated: 18 February 2021. Office on Women’s Health, United States Department of Health and Human Services, Womenshealth.gov https://www.womenshealth.gov/hiv-and-aids Accessed: 03 June 2022
  9. Get Tested for HIV: The Basics: Overview. Content Last Updated: 01 June 2022. MyHealthfinder https://health.gov/myhealthfinder/topics/health-conditions/hiv-and-other-stds/get-tested-hiv Accessed: 03 June 2022
  10. HIV/AIDS & STDs: STDs and HIV – CDC Fact Sheet: Why Does Having An STD Put Me More At Risk for Getting HIV? Page Last Reviewed: 12 April 2022. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention https://www.cdc.gov/std/hiv/stdfact-std-hiv.htm Accessed: 03 June 2022
  11. Menopause and HIV: Menopause In People Living With HIV. Last Reviewed: January 2022. Aidsmap https://www.aidsmap.com/about-hiv/menopause-and-hiv Accessed: 03 June 2022
  12. HIV and AIDS: Living With HIV – Finding Your HIV Care Team. Last Updated: 18 February 2021. Office on Women’s Health, United States Department of Health and Human Services, Womenshealth.gov https://www.womenshealth.gov/hiv-and-aids/living-hiv Accessed: 03 June 2022

Topic Last Updated: 28 June 2022 – Topic Last Reviewed: 03 June 2022
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