“As some symptoms of thyroid disease can be similar to postmenopausal symptoms, it’s not unusual for them to be incorrectly attributed to the menopause or…”.1

Umbrella
What may the Thyroid Diseases Umbrella include?

Depending on the Source (DotS) this Umbrella may include:

  • Goiter
  • Graves Disease
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Thyroid Conditions/Diseases/Disorders/Problems
  • Over Active Thyroid
  • Under Active Thyroid

Thyroid

What is the thyroid?

DotS the definition of the thyroid may vary. In Thyroid the (United States) Hormone Health Network’s (HHN) definition is:

“Found in both women and men, the thyroid controls a person’s metabolism. It is located in the front of the neck”.2

Thyroid Hormones

What is the thyroid’s job?

In What You Need To Know About the Thyroid! the American Thyroid Association explain:

“The thyroid’s job is to make thyroid hormones, which are secreted into the blood and then carried to every tissue in the body. Thyroid hormone helps the body use energy, stay warm and keep the brain, heart, muscles, and other organs working as they should”.3

Thyroid Problems

What are some thyroid problems?

In Thyroid Diseases: Summary the (United States) MedlinePlus elaborate on:

“Thyroid problems include:

  • Goiter – enlargement of the thyroid gland
  • Hyperthyroidism – when your thyroid gland makes more thyroid hormones than your body needs
  • Hypothyroidism – when your thyroid gland does not make enough thyroid hormones
  • Thyroid cancer
  • Thyroid nodules – lumps in the thyroid gland
  • Thyroiditis – swelling of the thyroid”.4

Hyperthyroidism

What is hyperthyroidism?

Dots the definition of hyperthyroidism may vary. In Hyperthyroidism: What Is Hyperthyroidism? the HHN’s definition is:

“Hyperthyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland is overactive and produces too much thyroid hormone. If left untreated, hyperthyroidism can lead to other health problems. Some of the most serious involve the heart (rapid or irregular heartbeat, congestive heart failure) and the bones (osteoporosis). People with mild hyperthyroidism or the elderly may not have any symptoms at all”.5

Hypothyroidism

What is hypothyroidism?

Dots the definition of hypothyroidism can vary. In Hypothyroidism: What Is Hypothyroidism? the HHN’s definition is:

“Hypothyroidism means you have too little thyroid hormone. Another term is an “under-active thyroid.” Hypothyroidism is the most common thyroid disorder. It occurs more often in women and people over age 60. Hypothyroidism tends to run in families”.6

Women

In women how common are thyroid diseases?

In The Thyroid Gland: Are Thyroid Disorders Common? the Australian Thyroid Foundation note:

“Thyroid Disorders affect 10 times more women than men, worldwide”.7

Thyroid or Menopause

Can some symptoms of thyroid disease be similar to menopause symptoms?

In Thyroid and Menopause: Thyroid and the Menopause? the British Thyroid Foundation (BTF) explain:

Thyroid Diseases
“As some symptoms of thyroid disease can be similar to postmenopausal symptoms, it’s not unusual for them to be incorrectly attributed to the menopause or even put down to stress. To check the diagnosis, a blood test for thyroid function should be performed. Hypothyroidism is usually managed by a GP whereas hyperthyroidism will be managed, at least initially, by an endocrinologist in a specialist thyroid clinic. Borderline results may need to be repeated and monitored for a period of time with specialist advice from an endocrinologist”.8

Health Care Provider

What if I think I have thyroid disease?

If you think you have thyroid disease, it may be in your best interest to choose to talk to your health care provider about this.

In Your Thyroid Gland: How Are Thyroid Disorders Diagnosed? the BTF elaborate on:

“Your doctor will be able to get a good idea about the activity of your thyroid gland by listening to your symptoms, asking you some questions and by examining your neck. However, by taking a small sample of your blood he or she can assess exactly your thyroid secretory state. On this single sample of blood, for example, the levels of the hormones involved can be measured in the laboratory”.9

In Thyroid Diseases: Summary MedlinePlus elaborate on:

“To diagnose thyroid diseases, doctors use a medical history, physical exam, and thyroid tests. They sometimes also use a biopsy. Treatment depends on the problem, but may include medicines, radioiodine therapy, or thyroid surgery”.10

Health Topics A-Z

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In Health Topics A-Z you may find:

Links

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Sources

Where may I find the Sources quoted?

You may find the Sources quoted at:

Sources

  1. Thyroid Disease: How Do Thyroid Problems Affect Women? Medical Review In 2014. Page Last Updated: 01 April 2019. Office on Women’s Health, United States Department of Health and Human Services, Womenshealth.gov https://www.womenshealth.gov/a-z-topics/thyroid-disease Accessed: 27 March 2020
  2. Thyroid. Last Updated: May 2019. Hormone Health Network https://www.hormone.org/your-health-and-hormones/glands-and-hormones-a-to-z/glands/thyroid Accessed: 27 March 2020
  3. What You Need To Know About the Thyroid! American Thyroid Association https://www.thyroid.org/thyroid-information/ Accessed: 27 March 2020
  4. Thyroid Disorders: Summary. Page Last Updated on: 06 March 2020. Topic Last Reviewed: 13 June 2018. MedlinePlus https://medlineplus.gov/thyroiddiseases.html Accessed: 27 March 2020
  5. Hyperthyroidism: What Is Hyperthyroidism? Last Updated: July 2017. Hormone Health Network https://www.hormone.org/diseases-and-conditions/hyperthyroidism Accessed: 27 March 2020
  6. Hypothyroidism: What Is Hypothyroidism? Last Updated: November 2019. Hormone Health Network https://www.hormone.org/diseases-and-conditions/hypothyroidism Accessed: 27 March 2020
  7. The Thyroid Gland: Are Thyroid Disorders Common? Australian Thyroid Foundation https://www.thyroidfoundation.org.au/Definitions Accessed: 27 March 2020
  8. Thyroid and Menopause: Thyroid and the Menopause. British Thyroid Foundation https://www.btf-thyroid.org/thyroid-and-menopause Accessed: 27 March 2020
  9. Your Thyroid Gland: How Are Thyroid Disorders Diagnosed? British Thyroid Foundation https://www.btf-thyroid.org/index.php/thyroid Accessed: 27 March 2020
  10. Thyroid Disorders: Summary. Page Last Updated on: 06 March 2020. Topic Last Reviewed: 13 June 2018. MedlinePlus https://medlineplus.gov/thyroiddiseases.html Accessed: 27 March 2020
Topic Last Updated: 27 March 2020 – Topic Last Reviewed: 27 March 2020
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