“Hormones are chemicals made in your body
that relay messages through your bloodstream.
For example, your hormones tell your body to eat and…”.1

Umbrella
What may the Hormones Umbrella include?

Depending on the Source (DotS) this Umbrella may include:

  • Estrogen
  • Hormones
  • Oestrogen
  • Progesterone
  • Testosterone
  • Women’s Sex Hormones

Hormones

What are hormones?

DotS the definition of hormones may vary. The (United States) Endocrine Society’s definition is:

Hormones–Made by endocrine glands, hormones are chemical messengers that travel in the bloodstream to tissues or organs. They affect many processes, including growth, metabolism, sexual function, reproduction, and mood”.2

The (Australian) Jean Hailes for Women’s Health’s (JH) definition is:

“Hormones are chemicals made in your body that relay messages through your bloodstream. For example, your hormones tell your body to eat and sleep”.3

Menopause

What causes menopause?

In What Causes Menopause? the JH explain:

“Menopause happens when your reproductive hormones change and there are no eggs left in your ovaries. Menopause can happen at the expected age, prematurely or early”.4

Menopause Hormones

What three hormones are of particular relevance at menopause?

In About Menopause: Hormones & Menopause the JH elaborate on:

“The three main hormones that change as you approach menopause are:

  • Oestrogen
  • Progesterone
  • Testosterone.

The change in hormone levels can lead to different menopausal symptoms”.5

Oestrogen

What is the role of oestrogen?

In Changes In Hormone Levels the North American Menopause Society (NAMS) elaborate on:

“As the primary “female” hormone, estrogen promotes the growth and health of the female reproductive organs and keeps the vagina moisturized, elastic (stretchy), and well supplied with blood”.6

Perimenopause

What is the association between perimenopause and hormones?

In Changes In Hormone Levels the NAMS note:

“Many changes during the years leading up to menopause (perimenopause) are brought on by changing levels of hormones produced by the ovaries, mainly estrogen”.7

The JH explain:

“Your oestrogen production increases and decreases in the lead-up to menopause. As you approach your final period, your number of eggs decreases and oestrogen levels drop by up to 90%”.8

During perimenopause, does oestrogen decline in a nice neat regular fashion, getting less and less each month?

No. The NAMS note:Hormones

“Estrogen levels generally decline during perimenopause, but they do so in an irregular fashion. Sometimes there can be more estrogen present during perimenopause than in the past”.9

Progesterone

What is the role of progesterone?

The JH explain:

“Progesterone is responsible for things like mucus levels in your cervix, acidity levels in your vagina and milk cells in your breasts. It can also make you moody. Progesterone is produced when an egg is released. It prepares your uterus for a fertilised egg and pregnancy. As you approach your final period, your progesterone levels decrease”.10

Testosterone

What is the role of testosterone?

The JH note:

“Testosterone is produced by your ovaries and other parts of your body.
You might think testosterone is a male hormone but it also plays an important role in women’s sexual desire, emotional wellbeing and bone and muscle strength.

Testosterone decreases gradually with age. In some women, levels fall by half between the ages of 20 and 40 years”.11

Health Care Provider

What if I need help with my hormones?

If you need help with your hormones, it may be in your best interest to choose to talk to your health care provider about this. Together you can clarify your signs and symptoms, discuss your options and if required, agree on who may be the most appropriate health care provider to help you.

Health Topics A-Z

Where may I find Health Topics related to Hormones?

In Health Topics A-Z you may find:

Links

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Sources

Where may I find the Sources quoted?

You may find the Sources quoted at:

Sources

  1. What Is Menopause? Hormones and Menopause. Last Updated: 11 November 2022 | Last Reviewed: 19 September 2022. Jean Hailes for Women’s Health https://www.jeanhailes.org.au/health-a-z/menopause/about-menopause Accessed: 28 November 2022
  2. Glossary. Endocrine Society https://www.endocrine.org/news-and-advocacy/news-room/glossary Accessed: 28 November 2022
  3. What Is Menopause? Hormones and Menopause. Last Updated: 11 November 2022 | Last Reviewed: 19 September 2022. Jean Hailes for Women’s Health https://www.jeanhailes.org.au/health-a-z/menopause/about-menopause Accessed: 28 November 2022
  4. What Causes Menopause? Last Updated: 20 September 2022 | Last Reviewed: 19 August 2022. Jean Hailes for Women’s Health https://www.jeanhailes.org.au/health-a-z/menopause/causes-of-menopause Accessed: 28 November 2022
  5. What Is Menopause? Hormones and Menopause. Last Updated: 11 November 2022 | Last Reviewed: 19 September 2022. Jean Hailes for Women’s Health https://www.jeanhailes.org.au/health-a-z/menopause/about-menopause Accessed: 28 November 2022
  6. Changes In Hormone Levels: Estrogen. North American Menopause Society https://www.menopause.org/for-women/sexual-health-menopause-online/changes-at-midlife/changes-in-hormone-levels Accessed: 28 November 2022
  7. Changes In Hormone Levels. North American Menopause Society https://www.menopause.org/for-women/sexual-health-menopause-online/changes-at-midlife/changes-in-hormone-levels Accessed: 28 November 2022
  8. What Is Menopause? Hormones and Menopause: Oestrogen. Last Updated: 11 November 2022 | Last Reviewed: 19 September 2022. Jean Hailes for Women’s Health https://www.jeanhailes.org.au/health-a-z/menopause/about-menopause Accessed: 28 November 2022
  9. Changes In Hormone Levels. North American Menopause Society https://www.menopause.org/for-women/sexual-health-menopause-online/changes-at-midlife/changes-in-hormone-levels Accessed: 28 November 2022
  10. What Is Menopause? Hormones and Menopause: Progesterone. Last Updated: 11 November 2022 | Last Reviewed: 19 September 2022. Jean Hailes for Women’s Health https://www.jeanhailes.org.au/health-a-z/menopause/about-menopause Accessed: 28 November 2022
  11. What Is Menopause? Hormones and Menopause: Testosterone. Last Updated: 11 November 2022 | Last Reviewed: 19 September 2022. Jean Hailes for Women’s Health https://www.jeanhailes.org.au/health-a-z/menopause/about-menopause Accessed: 28 November 2022
Topic Last Updated: 28 November 2022 – Topic Last Reviewed: 28 November 2022

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