“Local estrogen therapy ameliorates the negative impact of vaginal atrophy on the intimate relationships of North American postmenopausal women and their…”.1

CLOSER

What is CLOSER?

CLOSER is an abbreviation for CLarifying Vaginal Atrophy’s Impact On SEx and Relationships.

North America

What was the conclusion of the CLOSER North American Survey?

In Clarifying Vaginal Atrophy’s Impact on Sex and Relationships (CLOSER) Survey: Emotional and Physical Impact of Vaginal Discomfort on North American Postmenopausal Women and Their Partners the authors elaborate on:

Vaginal Atrophy and the Closer Survey
“CONCLUSIONS: Local estrogen therapy ameliorates the negative impact of vaginal atrophy on the intimate relationships of North American postmenopausal women and their male partners”.2

United Kingdom

What was the conclusion of the CLOSER United Kingdom (UK) Survey?

In The Closer Survey: Impact of Postmenopausal Vaginal Discomfort on Women and Male Partners in the UK the authors elaborate on:

“CONCLUSIONS: Although vaginal discomfort has a substantial impact on postmenopausal women and their partners, improvements in sexual and emotional relationships can follow use of local estrogen therapy. Not all women may be aware of therapeutic options; healthcare providers can improve outcomes by more openly communicating and initiating discussion with patients”.3

Northern and Southern Europe

What was the conclusion of the CLOSER Northern and Southern Europe Survey?

In The Closer Survey: Impact of Postmenopausal Vaginal Discomfort on Relationships Between Women and Their Partners in Northern and Southern Europe the authors elaborate on:

“CONCLUSIONS: Vaginal discomfort impairs quality of life in postmenopausal women and their partners. Southern European women were generally more worried about long-term effects on their relationship, and were more likely to report benefits after treatment”.4

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  1. Clarifying Vaginal Atrophy’s Impact on Sex and Relationships (CLOSER) Survey: Emotional and Physical Impact of Vaginal Discomfort on North American Postmenopausal Women and Their Partners – Conclusions. February 2014. PubMed https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/23736862/ Accessed: 03 June 2020
  2. Clarifying Vaginal Atrophy’s Impact on Sex and Relationships (CLOSER) Survey: Emotional and Physical Impact of Vaginal Discomfort on North American Postmenopausal Women and Their Partners – Conclusions. February 2014. PubMed https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/23736862/ Accessed: 03 June 2020
  3. The Closer Survey: Impact of Postmenopausal Vaginal Discomfort on Women and Male Partners In the UK – Conclusions. June 2013. PubMed https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/23778561/ Accessed: 03 June 2020
  4. The Closer Survey: Impact of Postmenopausal Vaginal Discomfort on Relationships Between Women and Their Partners In Northern and Southern Europe – Conclusions. August 2013. PubMed https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/23731983/ Accessed: 03 June 2020
Topic Last Updated: 03 June 2020 – Topic Last Reviewed: 03 June 2020
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